The Security Token Service is not available (SharePoint Server)
Rule Name: The Security Token Service is not available.
Summary: The Security Token Service is not issuing tokens.
Cause: The service could be malfunctioning or in a bad state, or some assemblies are missing when you deploy the custom claims provider.
Resolution: Restart the Security Token Service application pool.
Verify that the user account that is performing this procedure is a member of the Farm Administrators group.
Identify the server on which this event occurs. On the SharePoint Central Administration website, in the Monitoring section, click Review problems and solutions, and then find the name of the server in the Failing Servers column. If there are multiple failing servers in a server farm, you must repeat the following steps on each failing server.
Verify that the user account that is performing the following steps is a member of the Administrators group on the local computer that you identified in the previous step.
Log on to the server on which this event occurs.
Open Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
In the Internet Information Services management console, in the Connections pane, expand the tree view, and then click Application Pools.
In the Application Pools list, right-click SecurityTokenServiceApplicationPool, and then click Start. If the application pool is started already, click Stop and then, in the Action pane, click Start to restart it.
Resolution: Install the missing assemblies into the global assembly cache (GAC) manually.
Check the event logs and ULS logs on all servers to find out which assemblies of the custom claims provider are missing.
Install the missing assemblies into the global assembly cache manually. For more information, see How to: Install an Assembly into the Global Assembly Cache.