Power Pivot Server Administration and Configuration in Central Administration

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server Analysis Services noAzure Analysis Services noPower BI Premium

Power Pivot server administration and configuration is performed by SharePoint service application administrators, using SharePoint Central Administration.

Power Pivot for SharePoint must be configured before it can be used. After you install Power Pivot for SharePoint using SQL Server Setup, you can configure it using any of the following approaches:

  • Power Pivot Configuration Tool or Power Pivot for SharePoint 2013 Configuration tool

  • SharePoint Central Administration

  • PowerShell cmdlets

All three approaches deliver a fully configured server.

This section includes tasks for configuring the software using Central Administration. At a minimum, you must perform all three of the required configuration tasks noted in the list below.


For SharePoint 2010, SharePoint 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1) must be installed before you can configure either Power Pivot for SharePoint, or a SharePoint farm that uses a SQL Server 2012 (11.x) database server. If you have not yet installed the service pack, do so now before you begin configuring the server.

Benefits of Configuring Power Pivot for SharePoint Using Central Administration

SharePoint Central Administration is the administrative application of a SharePoint farm. If you are farm administrator, you might prefer to use a familiar tool when adding a Power Pivot for SharePoint instance to your farm.

In contrast with the Power Pivot Configuration Tools or PowerShell cmdlets, Central Administration provides pages that fully specify all of the options you might set when configuring an application or server. Other approaches either condense the configuration workflow into a fewer number of steps, or require prior knowledge of how to configure a SharePoint server using PowerShell.

Power Pivot Configuration using Windows PowerShell

Power Pivot Configuration Tools

Link Type Task Description
Deploy Power Pivot Solutions to SharePoint Required This step installs the solution files that add program files and application pages to the farm and to site collections.
Create and Configure a Power Pivot Service Application in Central Administration Required This step provisions the Power Pivot System Service.
Activate Power Pivot Feature Integration for Site Collections in Central Administration Required This step turns on Power Pivot features at the site collection level.
Add MSOLAP.5 as a Trusted Data Provider in Excel Services Required This step adds the Analysis Services OLE DB provider as a trusted provider in Excel Services.
Power Pivot Data Refresh with SharePoint 2010 Recommended Data refresh is optional but recommended. It allows you to schedule unattended updates to the Power Pivot data in published Excel workbooks.
Configure the Power Pivot Unattended Data Refresh Account (Power Pivot for SharePoint) Recommended This step provisions a special-purpose account that can be used to run data refresh jobs on the server.
Configure Usage Data Collection for (Power Pivot for SharePoint Optional Usage data collection is configured by default. You can use these steps to modify the default settings.
Configure Dedicated Data Refresh or Query-Only Processing (Power Pivot for SharePoint) Optional A Power Pivot instance can be dedicated to just data refresh jobs or queries. In addition, you can modify default settings for parallel data refresh jobs.
Configure Power Pivot Service Accounts Optional Explains how to update passwords or change service accounts.
Connect a Power Pivot Service Application to a SharePoint Web Application in Central Administration Optional Explains how to modify service associations.
Create a trusted location for Power Pivot sites in Central Administration Optional Explains how to add the Power Pivot Gallery as a trusted location.
Configure and View SharePoint Log Files and Diagnostic Logging (Power Pivot for SharePoint) Optional Event logging is configured by default. You can use these steps to modify the default settings.
Configure Power Pivot Health Rules Optional Server health rules are configured by default. You can use these steps to modify some of the default settings.
Create and Customize Power Pivot Gallery Optional For installations that you are configuring manually, this procedure explains how to create a Power Pivot Gallery library that shows image thumbnails of the Power Pivot workbooks it contains.
Add a BI Semantic Model Connection Content Type to a Library (Power Pivot for SharePoint) Optional Explains how to extend a document library to support the creation of BI semantic model connection files.

See Also

Power Pivot for SharePoint 2010 Installation
Configuration Setting Reference (Power Pivot for SharePoint)
Disaster Recovery for Power Pivot for SharePoint