question

HitendraSantoshKotamraju-3221 avatar image
0 Votes"
HitendraSantoshKotamraju-3221 asked brtrachMSFT-0711 answered

Unable to export App Service Certificate

Hello there!

I have followed the link and tried to export the certificate for Dev VM, but this is failing
link : Creating-a-local-PFX-copy-of-App-Service-Certificate.html

Error:

     New-Object:
     Line |
       43 |  … CertObject= New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates. …
          |                ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
          | Exception calling ".ctor" with "3" argument(s): "Array may not be empty or null. (Parameter 'rawData')"
     InvalidOperation:
     Line |
       48 |      [io.file]::WriteAllBytes(".\appservicecertificate.pfx",$pfxCertOb …
          |      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
          | You cannot call a method on a null-valued expression.
    
    
   [1]: http://New-Object:+Line+|+++43+|++…+CertObject=+New-Object+System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.+…++++++|++++++++++++++++~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~++++++|+Exception+calling+".ctor"+with+"3"+argument(s):+"Array+may+not+be+empty+or+null.+(Parameter+'rawData')"+InvalidOperation:+Line+|+++48+|++++++[io.file]::WriteAllBytes(".\appservicecertificate.pfx",$pfxCertOb+…++++++|++++++~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~++++++|+You+cannot+call+a+method+on+a+null-valued+expression.


Any help would be much appreciated


azure-webapps-ssl-certificates
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1 Answer

brtrachMSFT-0711 avatar image
0 Votes"
brtrachMSFT-0711 answered

The issue is because the $secret object is missing the SecretValueText property.


As explained in below Github discussion, the SecretValueText has been deprecated since Az verson 3.0.0

https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/azure-docs/issues/64538


Resolution:

After modifying the script following this document: https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/azure-docs/blob/master/articles/key-vault/certificates/how-to-export-certificate.md#powershell, you can successfully get the SecretValueText. Below is the full script for the reference:

 Function Export-AppServiceCertificate
    
 {
    
     ###########################################################
    
     Param(
    
         [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,Position=1,HelpMessage="ARM Login Url")]
    
         [string]$loginId,
    
         [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,HelpMessage="Subscription Id")]
    
         [string]$subscriptionId,
    
         [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,HelpMessage="Resource Group Name")]
    
         [string]$resourceGroupName,
    
         [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,HelpMessage="Name of the App Service Certificate Resource")]
    
         [string]$name
    
     )
    
     ###########################################################
    
     
    
     Connect-AzAccount
    
     Set-AzContext -Subscription $subscriptionId
    
     ## Get the KeyVault Resource Url and KeyVault Secret Name were the certificate is stored
    
     $ascResource= Get-AzResource -ResourceId "/subscriptions/$subscriptionId/resourceGroups/$resourceGroupName/providers/Microsoft.CertificateRegistration/certificateOrders/$name"
    
     $certProps = Get-Member -InputObject $ascResource.Properties.certificates[0] -MemberType NoteProperty
    
     $certificateName = $certProps[0].Name
    
     $keyVaultId = $ascResource.Properties.certificates[0].$certificateName.KeyVaultId
    
     $keyVaultSecretName = $ascResource.Properties.certificates[0].$certificateName.KeyVaultSecretName
    
     ## Split the resource URL of KeyVault and get KeyVaultName and KeyVaultResourceGroupName
    
     $keyVaultIdParts = $keyVaultId.Split("/")
    
     $keyVaultName = $keyVaultIdParts[$keyVaultIdParts.Length - 1]
    
     $keyVaultResourceGroupName = $keyVaultIdParts[$keyVaultIdParts.Length - 5]
    
     
    
     ## --- !! NOTE !! ----
    
     ## Only users who can set the access policy and has the the right RBAC permissions can set the access policy on KeyVault, if the command fails contact the owner of the KeyVault
    
     Set-AzKeyVaultAccessPolicy -ResourceGroupName $keyVaultResourceGroupName -VaultName $keyVaultName -UserPrincipalName $loginId -PermissionsToSecrets get
    
     Write-Host "Get Secret Access to account $loginId has been granted from the KeyVault, please check and remove the policy after exporting the certificate"
    
     ## Getting the secret from the KeyVault
    
     $secret = Get-AzKeyVaultSecret -VaultName $keyVaultName -Name $keyVaultSecretName
    
     #$cert = Get-AzKeyVaultCertificate -VaultName "ContosoKV01" -Name "TestCert01"
    
     #$secret = Get-AzKeyVaultSecret -VaultName "ContosoKV01" -Name $cert.Name
    
     $secretValueText = '';
    
     $ssPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SecureStringToBSTR($secret.SecretValue)
    
     try {
    
         $secretValueText = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringBSTR($ssPtr)
    
     } finally {
    
         [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::ZeroFreeBSTR($ssPtr)
    
     }
    
     $secretByte = [Convert]::FromBase64String($secretValueText)
    
     $x509Cert = new-object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2
    
     $x509Cert.Import($secretByte, "", "Exportable,PersistKeySet")
    
     $type = [System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509ContentType]::Pfx
    
     
    
     #$pfxCertObject= New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2 -ArgumentList @([Convert]::FromBase64String($secret.SecretValueText),"",[System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509KeyStorageFlags]::Exportable)
    
     $pfxPassword = -join ((65..90) + (97..122) + (48..57) | Get-Random -Count 50 | % {[char]$_})
    
     $pfxFileByte = $x509Cert.Export($type, $pfxPassword)
    
     $currentDirectory = (Get-Location -PSProvider FileSystem).ProviderPath
    
     [Environment]::CurrentDirectory = (Get-Location -PSProvider FileSystem).ProviderPath
    
     [io.file]::WriteAllBytes(".\appservicecertificate.pfx",$x509Cert.Export([System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509ContentType]::Pkcs12,$pfxPassword))
    
     ## --- !! NOTE !! ----
    
     ## Remove the Access Policy required for exporting the certificate once you have exported the certificate to prevent giving the account prolonged access to the KeyVault
    
     ## The account will be completely removed from KeyVault access policy and will prevent to account from accessing any keys/secrets/certificates on the KeyVault,
    
     ## Run the following command if you are sure that the account is not used for any other access on the KeyVault or login to the portal and change the access policy accordingly.
    
     # Remove-AzKeyVaultAccessPolicy -ResourceGroupName $keyVaultResourceGroupName -VaultName $keyVaultName -UserPrincipalName $loginId
    
     # Write-Host "Access to account $loginId has been removed from the KeyVault"
    
     # Print the password for the exported certificate
    
     Write-Host "Created an App Service Certificate copy at: $currentDirectory\appservicecertificate.pfx"
    
     Write-Warning "For security reasons, do not store the PFX password. Use it directly from the console as required."
    
     Write-Host "PFX password: $pfxPassword"
    
 }


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