LINQ to Objects and Buffer

I was debugging a problem a couple of days ago, when I learned something interesting.

I had some code that looked like this:

foreach(Employee e in manager.Manages)


The manager.Manages property returned a custom implementation of ICollection<Employee> that lazy-loads it’s data from somewhere when enumerated.

I wanted to change the code to display the manager’s reports sorted by firstname.

So I tried this:

foreach(Employee e in manager.Manages.OrderBy(r => r.Firstname))


Pretty simple you would think.

Unfortunately, when I did this, it suddenly looked like the manager had no reports at all, which I knew was not the case.


So I started to delve into the implementation of the OrderBy(…) extension method. After some digging I found out that internally it uses a struct called Buffer<T>.

Why Buffer<T> is used is pretty obvious. In order for the OrderBy(…) method to do a sort it must have all the values in a buffer somewhere.

When I looked at the implementation of Buffer<T> in reflector I noticed that whenever the Buffer<T> class encounters an IEnumerable<T> that also implements ICollection<T> it has a little optimization, that uses Count and CopyTo(..)to initialize an array with the correct size and take a copy of the data, rather enumerating and re-sizing a target array as needed.

When I thought about this I realized that my little Lazy Loading Collection class would return a Count of 0 until it is enumerated. And because the count was 0, the collection would never actually get enumerated.

So when I used OrderBy(..) over my collection, I get no results.


Solution: I simply triggered a LazyLoad whenever Count is called too.

Moral of the Story: if you want your custom collection classes to play nicely with LINQ operators, you better return the correct Count!