Create a Numbers Table in SQL Azure
[This article was contributed by the SQL Azure team.]
Often you may require number table for various purposes like parsing a CSV file into a table, string manipulation, or finding missing identities (see example below), etc. Numbers tables are used to increase performance (by avoiding cursors) and simplify queries. Because SQL Azure requires all tables have clustered indexes, you’ll need to things slightly differently that you would with SQL Server or SQL Express (see the blog post entitled SELECT INTO With SQL Azure). Here is a short Transact-SQL script that will create a numbers table in SQL Azure.
SET NOCOUNT ON CREATE TABLE Numbers (n bigint PRIMARY KEY) GO DECLARE @numbers table(number int); WITH numbers(number) as ( SELECT 1 AS number UNION all SELECT number+1 FROM numbers WHERE number<10000 ) INSERT INTO @numbers(number) SELECT number FROM numbers OPTION(maxrecursion 10000) INSERT INTO Numbers(n) SELECT number FROM @numbers
You can easily do the same thing for date ranges. The script looks like this:
SET NOCOUNT ON CREATE TABLE Dates (n datetime PRIMARY KEY) GO DECLARE @dates table([date] datetime); WITH dates([date]) as ( SELECT CONVERT(datetime,'10/4/1971') AS [date] UNION all SELECT DATEADD(d, 1, [date]) FROM dates WHERE [date] < '10/3/2060' ) INSERT INTO @dates(date) SELECT date FROM dates OPTION(maxrecursion 32507) INSERT INTO Dates(n) SELECT [date] FROM @dates
Now that you have created a numbers table you can use it to find identity gaps in a primary key, here is an example:
-- Example Table CREATE TABLE Incomplete ( ID INT IDENTITY(1,1), CONSTRAINT [PK_Source] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [ID] ASC) ) -- Fill It With Data INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES INSERT Incomplete DEFAULT VALUES -- Remove A Random Row DELETE Incomplete WHERE ID = (SELECT TOP 1 ID FROM Incomplete ORDER BY NEWID()) GO -- Find Out What That Row Is SELECT n FROM dbo.Numbers WHERE n NOT IN (SELECT ID FROM Incomplete) AND n < (SELECT MAX(ID) FROM Incomplete) ORDER BY n -- if you need only the first available -- integer value, change the query to -- SELECT MIN(Number) or TOP 1 Number -- Clean Up The Example Table DROP TABLE Incomplete
Do you have a better way to accomplish the same thing in SQL Azure? Post it in the comments below; make sure to test it on SQL Azure first. Do you have questions, concerns, comments? Post them below and we will try to address them.