Official lists of language codes, country codes and LCIDs

I have previously written a few blog posts describing how to use Visual Studio IDE language switching (here, here and here). I got some follow-up questions based on those posts asking if there was a complete list of locale ID (LCID) values or language/country codes.

I found some documentation for all of these today and wanted to post links to them to try to make them easier for people to find in the future: