Sql Server CPU licensing, edition support, and multi-core technology
Q: In addition to hyper-threading and dual-core technology, chip vendors are beginning to release processors with additional cores (4,8,etc.). I am currently considering purchasing a new server with multi-core processors to support a Sql Server 2005 Standard Edition deployment and am curious if, when using a 4-core processor, I will only be able to make use of a single physical CPU (since Standard Edition is limited to 4 CPUs)? Additionally, what is the overall licensing policy in relation to multi-core technologies with Sql Server 2005?
A: One key competitive licensing advantage of Sql Server is related to this exact question - for the purposes of both licensing and CPU edition support, Sql Server considers the number of physical sockets/CPUs, regardless of the number of cores on the processor. So, for example, if you are planning to deploy Sql Server 2005 Standard, which supports up to 4 CPUs, that means Standard Edition will support 4 physical CPU sockets, regardless of the number of cores in each CPU (if you have 4 physical CPUs with 4-cores each, your Standard Edition deployment would have 16 logical CPUs to make use of). Additionally, even though you have 16 cores/logical CPUs, the licensing of this requires that you pay for only the 4 physical CPUs, not all 16 cores (quite a deal huh?).
For more information on Sql Server and Multicore licensing, see the following article: http://www.microsoft.com/sql/howtobuy/multicore.mspx
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