[PowerShell Script] PowerDbg v5.1—Using PowerShell to Control WinDbg

So, here we go again. This is a minor version with a few new cmdlets. These new cmdlets are those that we use most of the time.

DOWNLOAD POWERDBG

Download PowerDbg

POWERDBG FILES

WinDbg.PSM1  ß Contains cmdlets used to communicate with WinDbg.

Microsoft.PowerShell_Profile.PS1 ß Contains cmdlets that parse command output. Uses WinDbg.PSM1 under the hood.

INSTALLATION

Goes to %\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\WinDbg

Microsoft.PowerShell_Profile.PS1

Goes to %\Documents\windowspowershell

In order to know the exact location, use this command from PowerShell:

$profile

REQUIREMENT

PowerShell v2.0

USAGE

First, make sure you can run scripts:

set-executionpolicy remotesigned

From the WinDbg window type:

.server tcp:port=10456,server= ServerName ß ServerName is your server name.

The command above enables a port communication with the WinDbg instance as the server. You can use other port numbers.

From the PowerShell window you must initialize the communication:

Import-module WinDbg ß Importing our module WinDbg.PSM1

Connect-Windbg "tcp:Port=10456,Server=SERVER" ß Connects session to WinDbg instance.

Note: Don’t forget to load symbols and your extensions!

At this point you’re ready to use PowerDbg or PowerDbg scripts.

Example:

Analyze-PowerDbgThreads ß Cmdlet.

.\PowerDbgScriptExceptions ß Script.

Example 2:

Send-PowerDbgCommand "~* kpn 1000"

Parse-PowerDbgK

$ht = @{}

$ht = Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable

Let's display the stack for thread 0:

# Replace the internal frame delimiter by new line and displays the stack.

write-host $ht["0"].Replace($global:g_frameDelimiter, "`n")

Example 3:

Send-PowerDbgCommand "!DumpObj 027a4c3c"

Parse-PowerDbgDUMPOBJ

$ht = Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable

$ht["Name:"] <-- Displays the content of the field Name:

$ht["MethodTable:"] <-- Displays the content of the field MethodTable:

For more examples see the source code from PowerDbg scripts.

NEW FOR POWERDBG v5.1

Load-PowerDbgSymbols <$symbolPath>

Load symbols.

Usage:  

Load-PowerDbgSymbols “SRV*c:\PUBLICSYMBOLS*http://msdl.microsoft.com/download/symbols"

Parse-PowerDbgASPXPAGES

Maps the output from the !ASPXPages command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

To convert the CSV file to a Hash Table use Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable.

For this version the fields being considered are:

Key: HttpContext

Value: Timeout+Completed+Running+ThreadId+ReturnCode+Verb+RequestPath+QueryString

Parse-PowerDbgCLRSTACK

Maps the output from the !clrstack command or ~* e !clrstack and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

To convert the CSV file to a Hash Table use Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable.

Attention! The key is the thread number, and the value is the call stack separated by $global:g_frameDelimiter.

Commas " , " are replaced for " ; " to avoid confusion with the comma used by the CSV file.

If you use this cmdlet to parse the output from ~* e !clrstack, the threads not running managed code are automatically ignored.

Parse-PowerDbgTHREADS

Maps the output from the !threads command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

To convert the CSV file to a Hash Table use Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable.

The following fields are extracted:

Thread Number - Key

ID+OSID+ThreadOBJ+State+GC+Context+Domain+Count+APT+Exception - Value

Parse-PowerDbgDSO

Maps the output from the !dso or ~* e !dso command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

To convert the CSV file to a Hash Table use Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable.

 The Thread Number is the key, and the stack is the value, like the way that Parse-PowerDbgK or Parse-PowerDbgCLRSTACK operates.

Attention! Commas are replaced by " ; " and $global:g_FrameDelimiter is used to separate frames.

CMDLETS FROM POWERDBG

Send-PowerDbgCommand <command>

This was the most complex cmdlet, but now it’s just a wrapper for Invoke-WinDbgCommand.

SendPowerDbgCommand sends commands to WinDbg.

Parse-PowerDbgDT [$useFieldNames]

Parses the output from the dt command and saves it into POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG using a CSV file format.

If $useFieldNames has a value, the cmdlet stores fields from struct/classes and values. Otherwise it stores offsets and values.

To convert the CSV file to a Hash Table use Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVToHashTable

Convert the output from the Parse-PowerDbg* cmdlets to a Hash Table.

Send-PowerDbgDML <$hyperLinkDML> <$commandDML>

Creates a DML command and sends it to WinDbg.

DML stands for Debug Markup Language. Using DML you can create hyperlinks that execute commands.

Parse-PowerDbgNAME2EE

Maps the output from the !name2ee and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgDUMPMD

Maps the output from !dumpmd command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgDUMPMODULE

Maps the output from !DumpModule command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgLMI

Maps the output from lmi command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Has-PowerDbgCOMMANDSUCCEEDED

Returns $true if the last command succeeded or $false if not.

Send-PowerDbgComment

Sends a comment, a string in bold, to the WinDbg window.

Parse-PowerDbgVERTARGET

Maps the output from vertarget command, either the Kernel Time or the User Time.

The output is saved into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgRUNAWAY

Maps the output of !runaway 1 or !runaway 2 and stores the results into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Attention! If you need to know the top threads consuming CPU time, use Convert-PowerDbgRUNAWAYtoArray. The items will be in the same exact order of the original command.

Convert-PowerDbgRUNAWAYtoArray

Returns an array of two dimensions corresponding to the output of !runaway 1 or !runaway 2.

Parse-PowerDbgK

Maps the output of k command and its variations like kv, kbn, kpn, etc.

The output is saved into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Attention! This cmdlet doesn't work with kPn. Another thing, it replaces "," with $global:g_frameDelimiter to avoid conflict with the CSV delimiter.

Parse-PowerDbgSymbolsFromK

Maps just the symbols from k command and variations, saving the content into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Attention! This cmdlet doesn't work with kPn. Another thing, it replaces "," with $global:g_frameDelimiter to avoid conflict with the CSV delimiter.

Parse-PowerDbgLM1M

Maps just the output from lm1m and stores it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Classify-PowerDbgThreads

Returns one array where the index is the thread number and the value is one of these values:

0 UNKNOWN_SYMBOL

1 WAITING_FOR_CRITICAL_SECTION

2 DOING_IO

3 WAITING

4 GC_THREAD

5 WAIT_UNTIL_GC_COMPLETE

6 SUSPEND_FOR_GC

7 WAIT_FOR_FINALIZE

8 TRYING_MANAGED_LOCK

9 DATA_FROM_WINSOCK

It’s very easy to add more symbols and constants to get a more granular analysis. Look at the source code for details.

Analyze-PowerDbgThreads

Analyzes and shows what each thread is doing and its corresponding CPU time, sorted by User Mode time.

This cmdlet is very useful for scenarios like hangs, high CPU, and crashes.

Attention! This command requires thread information if debugging a dump file.

Parse-PowerDbgPRINTEXCEPTION

Maps the output from !PrintException command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

The following fields are considered while others are ignored:

Exception object:

Exception type;

Message:

InnerException:

HRESULT:

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgDD-L1

Maps the output from dd <address> L1 or dd poi(<address>) L1 and saves the results into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgGCHANDLELEAKS

Maps the output from !GCHandleLeaks command and saves it into the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Parse-PowerDbgDUMPOBJ

Maps the output from !DumpObj command and saves it indo the CSV file POWERDBG-PARSED.LOG.

The assembly path and file name are saved using the key name ‘Assembly:’.

If the object is invalid the ‘Name:’ field will have the string “Invalid Object.” You may want to check this string to make sure you’ve got valid data.

The keys are the fields or Method Table, and values are the corresponding value.

Convert-PowerDbgCSVtoHashTable converts the output into a Hash Table.

Attention! This version maps the fields below “Fields:” using MethodTable as key and Value as value. The problem with this approach is that the same MethodTable may appear more than once. If it happens, the last or most recent MethodTable and value will be considered.

Based on users’ feedback this approach may be changed in the near future.

POWERDBG SCRIPTS

PowerDbgScriptDumpDict.PS1

Extracts the key/value pair from a Dictionary.

PowerDbgScriptExceptions.PS1

Displays the call stacks that have inner or hidden exceptions.

PowerDbgScriptGCHandleLeaksChart.PS1

It displays statistics and a chart from the top 20 objects leaking.

PowerDbgScriptHighCPU.PS1

It displays all threads consuming high CPU using a specific time as a threshold.

PowerDbgScriptSaveModule.PS1

It saves all modules that have a specific method. You provide the method name, and it gives you the corresponding modules.