Using Meddler to Simulate Web Traffic
As mentioned back in July, IE8’s new lookahead downloader has a number of bugs which cause it to issue incorrect speculative download requests.
The “BASE Bug” caused the speculative downloader to only respect the <BASE> element for the first speculatively downloaded script file. Subsequent relative SCRIPT SRCs would be combined without respecting the specified BASE, which resulted in spurious requests being sent to the server. Eventually, the main parser would catch up and request the proper URLs, but the spurious requests waste bandwidth and could cause problems for some servers.
Because the base issue was so simple, I was able to quickly build a simple MeddlerScript which demonstrates the BASE Bug. If you’d like, you can follow along using my MeddlerScript: PreParserBaseBug.ms.
The test script generates the following sample HTML:
<body> Test page.</body></html>
When visiting the Meddler test page, the traffic from IE is as follows:
As you can see, there are spurious download requests containing the wrong path; these are shown in red as the MeddlerScript is designed to return failure for such requests. Later, the correct URLs are downloaded as the main parser encounters the script tags and correctly combines the URLs.
Today's IE8 Cumulative Update (KB974455) fixes the BASE Bug. After installing the update, loading the sample HTML results in no spurious requests-- each script URL is correctly relative to the specified BASE.
Please note that while the BASE bug is fixed, the “4k Bug” is not fixed by this update. If you want to view that bug in action, try this script: PreParser4kBug.ms. As it is a timing issue, you may need to reload the “hammer” page a few times to encounter the problem.
While Meddler is rather simplistic, it can be very useful for sharing test cases and simulating the behavior of web servers. You can use Meddler to build reduced test cases that reliably generate problematic HTTP responses.
Until next time,