FAQ: SharePoint 2010 RTM Installation

#Update: Windows 7/Vista  SharePoint install guide link

#Update: KB979917

There’re a couple of things you would like to know when deploy SharePoint 2010 RTM.

Q: Where can I find hardware and software requirements?

You should check http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc262485(office.14).aspx. Also, you can download all the pre-requisites here for offline install.

Q: How to specify the file locations for Prerequisite Installer?

You can check the parameters through command line with:

PrerequisiteInstaller.exe /?

A dialogue will popup and show all the parameters.


A typical use of Prerequisite Installer in offline mode (Windows Server 2008 R2):


Just a note: You don’t need to specify FilterPack parameter. It is included in the installation media.

Q: Can I manually install those prerequisite before I run Prerequisite Installer?

Yes. After downloaded all the prerequisites and installed them manually, you can run Prerequisite Installer to setup application server/web server roles for your server box. It will then check if you have installed all the prerequisites correctly.

Q: Is there anything I should install after the prerequisite installer?

You also need to install ADO.NET Data Service update. This is used for the services like REST web services.This component is not installed by prerequisite installer because its RTM date is too late to make into the code. The prerequisite installer will be updated at SP1 to include it.

UPDATE: If you want to use claims, you need to apply KB979917 for ASP.Net. It can be downloiaded here directly: http://code.msdn.microsoft.com/KB979917/Release/ProjectReleases.aspx?ReleaseId=4033

Q: I want to install SharePoint on Windows 7/Vista but Prerequisite Installer is blocked.

Yes. Prerequisite Installer is blocked on Windows 7/Vista.  The guidance for developers will be updated on MSDN later.  is here: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee554869(office.14).aspx

Q: Does Prerequisite Installer install SQL Server updates for me?

No. It cannot install SQL Server updates. You need to confirm that the SQL Server meets the requirement: SQL Server 2005 SP3 with CU3, SQL Server 2008 SP1 with CU2, or SQL Server 2008 R2.

Q: Do you have a Windows PowerShell script to help me to deploy SharePoint 2010 farm?

Yes. SPModule has been released to the download center. It can be downloaded here: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=c57556ff-8df0-44fd-aba6-3df01b9f80ce&displaylang=en

It provides the following commands: Install-SharePoint, New-SharePointFarm, Join-SharePointFarm, and Backup-Logs.

For more information on this module, please check Zach Rosenfield’s blog.


Q: When I install SharePoint on a domain controller(DC), Setup doesn’t give me any option to choose from server farm/standalone installation.

A: This is a designed behavior. SQL Server Express 2008 is not supported on a domain controller, so the standalone mode of SharePoint installation is removed when administrator tries to deploy on a DC. If you really want to override this behavior for demo/dev purpose, you can try:

setup.exe /config FILES\SETUP\config.xml

This will install a SingleServer(Standalone).

A complete list of the parameters can be shown with setup.exe /?

Q: Where can I download language packs for SharePoint 2010?

The language packs will be available on download center later. We will also give a update on all language offerings on team blog.

Q: Do I need to apply language packs of SharePoint Foundation AND SharePoint Server on a server installation?

No. You only need to apply the server language packs for a SharePoint Server installation. These server language packs cover SharePoint Server, Search Server, Office Web Apps, Project Server and FAST Search Server for SharePoint.

Q: I only see a English version of FAST Search Server for SharePoint. Where're the localized ones?

FAST Search Server is provided natively in English SKU. The localization is done by language packs.

Q: What is the patch/update release cycle for SharePoint 2010? Will you still have those CU packages?

SharePoint 2010 still uses the same patch/update cycle – we will have cumulative updates for every two months. Server-packages will still include all the components for update. The next CU will be June.

Q: Can I upgrade pre-RTM SharePoint 2010 installations to RTM? If in-place upgrade is blocked, then can I use database attach?

No, this is blocked by code. DB attach is also blocked.

Q: I don't have access to MSDN/TechNet Subscriber download! When can I download the trial bits of SharePoint Server 2010? How about FAST Search Server? Search Server?

Trial bits will be provided on download center around the time of launch (5/12).

Q: Can I install Office Web Apps on SharePoint Server Trial?

No. The installer prevents you from mixing different types of license (retail vs. trial). You can install Office Web Apps on SharePoint Foundation 2010, or licensed SharePoint Server 2010.

Q: Should I tell my users to use Office 2010 x64 to get better performance?

No.  Please refer to http://blogs.technet.com/office2010/archive/2010/02/23/understanding-64-bit-office.aspx

If you’re trying to decide between 32-bit and 64-bit Office, you should ask yourself what your needs are. Are you an Excel power user working with huge amounts of data? Do you need to work with file sizes greater than 2 GB? If so, then you would benefit from 64-bit Office being able to utilize more memory. If not, we’re recommending 32-bit Office 2010 as the default installation on both 32-bit and 64-bit Windows mainly due to compatibility with existing 32-bit controls, add-ins, and VBA.

Q: When I use Word/PowerPoint Web Apps on a domain controller, I have errors poped out.

Warning: Office Web Apps should not be installed on a domain controller - this is not supported and may bring security risk to your DC. Your can find the related KB here: [link not live yet]:

Both the Word Viewing Service Application and the PowerPoint service application sandbox their converter processes. The way by which the sandbox works is incompatible with security restrictions on a domain controller. It is sandboxing converter processes that could potentially cause a successful exploited security vulnerability in SharePoint or Office Web Apps. This security compromise could cause catastrophic results to the Domain Controller.

The following script can help to enable Office Web Apps on a DC. (with security risk)

Open SharePoint 2010 Management Shell, then run:

#Enable Word Web App:

$e = Get-SPServiceApplication | where {$_.TypeName.Equals("Word Viewing Service Application")}
$e.WordServerIsSandboxed = $false

#Enable PowerPoint Web App - you need to answer "Y" for each command:

Get-SPPowerPointServiceApplication | Set-SPPowerPointServiceApplication -EnableSandboxedViewing $false
Get-SPPowerPointServiceApplication | Set-SPPowerPointServiceApplication -EnableSandboxedEditing $false

On the server, use Notepad to open c:\windows\system32\inetsrv\config\applicationHost.config. Add the line below at the end of the dynamicTypes section.
<add mimeType="application/zip" enabled="false" />

Then do a IISRESET /NOFORCE. Please note all files viewed (already have cache created) before these commands need to be re-upload again to make sure them work with Office Web Apps. Please note the service application name could be different if you are working on a SKU that's not English. 中文版的尤其要记得把Word Viewing Service Application改名!!!

I’ll continue to update this post when more questions come.