Computer Archeology: The Smiley, where did it come from?

The Smiley, where did it come from?  Here is the first instance of the Smiley:

401298269,0,0 19-Sep-82 11:44 Scott E Fahlman :-) From: Scott E Fahlman <Fahlman at Cmu-20c> I propose that the following character sequence for joke markers: :-) Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use :-(


You can see the whole bboard file from CMU in 1982 at:

Funny stuff… Who says research has to be unfunny? :-)