# Small Basic includes Exponential Notation!!!

Here's a little-known factoid. This is great for those of you who are power users for Small Basic and using some "big math" in your programs!

Small Basic: Scientific Notation

Let's get started!

Scientific notation is a way to write numbers that are too large or too small. For example, a microbiologist might need to measure cell growth up to 0.000000005 of a micron.

Use scientific notation to write the number 56,372.85 as 5.637285´104 (where 104 is 10000; the decimal goes to the right four spots). In most programming languages, you can use E-notation to represent decimal numbers.

In E-notation, the number 56,372.85 is written as 5.637285E4. The part of the number after the E is the power of 10. The E4 in this example means “times ten to the fourth power.” The Table shows you the E representation of some numbers.

Table: Examples of E-notation

 Number E-Notation 3563.21 3.56321E+03 0.000356 3.56E-04 56,000,000 5.6 E+07

Small Basic doesn’t treat E-notations like other numbers; you can’t assign an E-notation to a variable. For example, this statement gives you a syntax error:

x = 1.2E+02 ' This gives you a syntax error. You're welcome.

But if you put the E-notation in double quotes, then Small Basic recognizes it as a number! This is a parser feature to make it clear (to you and to Small Basic) that you meant it to be an E-notation. Try out this code snippet to get a hang of it:

x = "1.2E+02"   '= 120

y = "5.0E-02"   '= 0.05

z = "1.0E+03"   '= 1000

TextWindow.WriteLine(x + x)   'Answer = 240

TextWindow.WriteLine(x * y)   'Answer = 6.000

TextWindow.WriteLine(x / y)   'Answer = 2400

TextWindow.WriteLine(z - x)   'Answer = 880

Now you can use E-notation when you need to!