Common errors reference for Azure App Service and IIS with ASP.NET Core

By Luke Latham

This topic offers troubleshooting advice for common errors when hosting ASP.NET Core apps on Azure Apps Service and IIS.

Collect the following information:

Compare error information to the following common errors. If a match is found, follow the troubleshooting advice.

The list of errors in this topic isn't exhaustive. If you encounter an error not listed here, open a new issue using the Content feedback button at the bottom of this topic with detailed instructions on how to reproduce the error.

Important

ASP.NET Core preview releases with Azure App Service

ASP.NET Core preview releases aren't deployed to Azure App Service by default. To host an app that uses an ASP.NET Core preview release, see Deploy ASP.NET Core preview release to Azure App Service.

Installer unable to obtain VC++ Redistributable

  • Installer Exception: 0x80072efd --OR-- 0x80072f76 - Unspecified error

  • Installer Log Exception†: Error 0x80072efd --OR-- 0x80072f76: Failed to execute EXE package

    †The log is located at C:\Users{USER}\AppData\Local\Temp\dd_DotNetCoreWinSvrHosting__{TIMESTAMP}.log.

Troubleshooting:

If the system doesn't have Internet access while installing the .NET Core Hosting Bundle, this exception occurs when the installer is prevented from obtaining the Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable. Obtain an installer from the Microsoft Download Center. If the installer fails, the server may not receive the .NET Core runtime required to host a framework-dependent deployment (FDD). If hosting an FDD, confirm that the runtime is installed in Programs & Features or Apps & features. If a specific runtime is required, download the runtime from the .NET Download Archives and install it on the system. After installing the runtime, restart the system or restart IIS by executing net stop was /y followed by net start w3svc from a command prompt.

OS upgrade removed the 32-bit ASP.NET Core Module

Application Log: The Module DLL C:\WINDOWS\system32\inetsrv\aspnetcore.dll failed to load. The data is the error.

Troubleshooting:

Non-OS files in the C:\Windows\SysWOW64\inetsrv directory aren't preserved during an OS upgrade. If the ASP.NET Core Module is installed prior to an OS upgrade and then any app pool is run in 32-bit mode after an OS upgrade, this issue is encountered. After an OS upgrade, repair the ASP.NET Core Module. See Install the .NET Core Hosting bundle. Select Repair when the installer is run.

Missing site extension, 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) site extensions installed, or wrong process bitness set

Applies to apps hosted by Azure App Services.

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.0 - ANCM In-Process Handler Load Failure

  • Application Log: Invoking hostfxr to find the inprocess request handler failed without finding any native dependencies. Could not find inprocess request handler. Captured output from invoking hostfxr: It was not possible to find any compatible framework version. The specified framework 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.App', version '{VERSION}-preview-*' was not found. Failed to start application '/LM/W3SVC/1416782824/ROOT', ErrorCode '0x8000ffff'.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: It was not possible to find any compatible framework version. The specified framework 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.App', version '{VERSION}-preview-*' was not found.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Invoking hostfxr to find the inprocess request handler failed without finding any native dependencies. This most likely means the app is misconfigured, please check the versions of Microsoft.NetCore.App and Microsoft.AspNetCore.App that are targeted by the application and are installed on the machine. Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8000ffff. Could not find inprocess request handler. It was not possible to find any compatible framework version. The specified framework 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.App', version '{VERSION}-preview-*' was not found.

Troubleshooting:

  • If running the app on a preview runtime, install either the 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) site extension that matches the bitness of the app and the app's runtime version. Don't install both extensions or multiple runtime versions of the extension.

    • ASP.NET Core {RUNTIME VERSION} (x86) Runtime
    • ASP.NET Core {RUNTIME VERSION} (x64) Runtime

    Restart the app. Wait several seconds for the app to restart.

  • If running the app on a preview runtime and both the 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) site extensions are installed, uninstall the site extension that doesn't match the bitness of the app. After removing the site extension, restart the app. Wait several seconds for the app to restart.

  • If running the app on a preview runtime and the site extension's bitness matches that of the app, confirm that the preview site extension's runtime version matches the app's runtime version.

  • Confirm that the app's Platform in Application Settings matches the bitness of the app.

For more information, see Deploy ASP.NET Core apps to Azure App Service.

An x86 app is deployed but the app pool isn't enabled for 32-bit apps

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.30 - ANCM In-Process Start Failure

  • Application Log: Application '/LM/W3SVC/5/ROOT' with physical root '{PATH}' hit unexpected managed exception, exception code = '0xe0434352'. Please check the stderr logs for more information. Application '/LM/W3SVC/5/ROOT' with physical root '{PATH}' failed to load clr and managed application. CLR worker thread exited prematurely

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file is created but empty.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8007023e

This scenario is trapped by the SDK when publishing a self-contained app. The SDK produces an error if the RID doesn't match the platform target (for example, win10-x64 RID with <PlatformTarget>x86</PlatformTarget> in the project file).

Troubleshooting:

For an x86 framework-dependent deployment (<PlatformTarget>x86</PlatformTarget>), enable the IIS app pool for 32-bit apps. In IIS Manager, open the app pool's Advanced Settings and set Enable 32-Bit Applications to True.

Platform conflicts with RID

  • Browser: HTTP Error 502.5 - Process Failure

  • Application Log: Application 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/{ASSEMBLY}' with physical root 'C:{PATH}' failed to start process with commandline '"C:{PATH}{ASSEMBLY}.{exe|dll}" ', ErrorCode = '0x80004005 : ff.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: Unhandled Exception: System.BadImageFormatException: Could not load file or assembly '{ASSEMBLY}.dll'. An attempt was made to load a program with an incorrect format.

Troubleshooting:

  • Confirm that the app runs locally on Kestrel. A process failure might be the result of a problem within the app. For more information, see Troubleshoot (IIS) or Troubleshoot (Azure App Service).

  • If this exception occurs for an Azure Apps deployment when upgrading an app and deploying newer assemblies, manually delete all files from the prior deployment. Lingering incompatible assemblies can result in a System.BadImageFormatException exception when deploying an upgraded app.

URI endpoint wrong or stopped website

  • Browser: ERR_CONNECTION_REFUSED --OR-- Unable to connect

  • Application Log: No entry

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: The log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

  • Confirm the correct URI endpoint for the app is in use. Check the bindings.

  • Confirm that the IIS website isn't in the Stopped state.

CoreWebEngine or W3SVC server features disabled

OS Exception: The IIS 7.0 CoreWebEngine and W3SVC features must be installed to use the ASP.NET Core Module.

Troubleshooting:

Confirm that the proper role and features are enabled. See IIS Configuration.

Incorrect website physical path or app missing

  • Browser: 403 Forbidden - Access is denied --OR-- 403.14 Forbidden - The Web server is configured to not list the contents of this directory.

  • Application Log: No entry

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: The log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

Check the IIS website Basic Settings and the physical app folder. Confirm that the app is in the folder at the IIS website Physical path.

Incorrect role, ASP.NET Core Module not installed, or incorrect permissions

  • Browser: 500.19 Internal Server Error - The requested page cannot be accessed because the related configuration data for the page is invalid. --OR-- This page can't be displayed

  • Application Log: No entry

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: The log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

  • Confirm that the proper role is enabled. See IIS Configuration.

  • Open Programs & Features or Apps & features and confirm that Windows Server Hosting is installed. If Windows Server Hosting isn't present in the list of installed programs, download and install the .NET Core Hosting Bundle.

    Current .NET Core Hosting Bundle installer (direct download)

    For more information, see Install the .NET Core Hosting Bundle.

  • Make sure that the Application Pool > Process Model > Identity is set to ApplicationPoolIdentity or the custom identity has the correct permissions to access the app's deployment folder.

  • If you uninstalled the ASP.NET Core Hosting Bundle and installed an earlier version of the hosting bundle, the applicationHost.config file doesn't include a section for the ASP.NET Core Module. Open applicationHost.config at %windir%/System32/inetsrv/config and find the <configuration><configSections><sectionGroup name="system.webServer"> section group. If the section for the ASP.NET Core Module is missing from the section group, add the section element:

    <section name="aspNetCore" overrideModeDefault="Allow" />
    

    Alternatively, install the latest version of the ASP.NET Core Hosting Bundle. The latest version is backwards-compatible with supported ASP.NET Core apps.

Incorrect processPath, missing PATH variable, Hosting Bundle not installed, system/IIS not restarted, VC++ Redistributable not installed, or dotnet.exe access violation

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.0 - ANCM In-Process Handler Load Failure

  • Application Log: Application 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/{ASSEMBLY}' with physical root 'C:{PATH}' failed to start process with commandline '"{...}" ', ErrorCode = '0x80070002 : 0. Application '{PATH}' wasn't able to start. Executable was not found at '{PATH}'. Failed to start application '/LM/W3SVC/2/ROOT', ErrorCode '0x8007023e'.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Event Log: 'Application '{PATH}' wasn't able to start. Executable was not found at '{PATH}'. Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8007023e

  • Browser: HTTP Error 502.5 - Process Failure

  • Application Log: Application 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/{ASSEMBLY}' with physical root 'C:{PATH}' failed to start process with commandline '"{...}" ', ErrorCode = '0x80070002 : 0.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file is created but empty.

Troubleshooting:

  • Confirm that the app runs locally on Kestrel. A process failure might be the result of a problem within the app. For more information, see Troubleshoot (IIS) or Troubleshoot (Azure App Service).

  • Check the processPath attribute on the <aspNetCore> element in web.config to confirm that it's dotnet for a framework-dependent deployment (FDD) or .\{ASSEMBLY}.exe for a self-contained deployment (SCD).

  • For an FDD, dotnet.exe might not be accessible via the PATH settings. Confirm that C:\Program Files\dotnet\ exists in the System PATH settings.

  • For an FDD, dotnet.exe might not be accessible for the user identity of the app pool. Confirm that the app pool user identity has access to the C:\Program Files\dotnet directory. Confirm that there are no deny rules configured for the app pool user identity on the C:\Program Files\dotnet and app directories.

  • An FDD may have been deployed and .NET Core installed without restarting IIS. Either restart the server or restart IIS by executing net stop was /y followed by net start w3svc from a command prompt.

  • An FDD may have been deployed without installing the .NET Core runtime on the hosting system. If the .NET Core runtime hasn't been installed, run the .NET Core Hosting Bundle installer on the system.

    Current .NET Core Hosting Bundle installer (direct download)

    For more information, see Install the .NET Core Hosting Bundle.

    If a specific runtime is required, download the runtime from the .NET Download Archives and install it on the system. Complete the installation by restarting the system or restarting IIS by executing net stop was /y followed by net start w3svc from a command prompt.

  • An FDD may have been deployed and the Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable (x64) isn't installed on the system. Obtain an installer from the Microsoft Download Center.

Incorrect arguments of <aspNetCore> element

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.0 - ANCM In-Process Handler Load Failure

  • Application Log: Invoking hostfxr to find the inprocess request handler failed without finding any native dependencies. This most likely means the app is misconfigured, please check the versions of Microsoft.NetCore.App and Microsoft.AspNetCore.App that are targeted by the application and are installed on the machine. Could not find inprocess request handler. Captured output from invoking hostfxr: Did you mean to run dotnet SDK commands? Please install dotnet SDK from: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409 Failed to start application '/LM/W3SVC/3/ROOT', ErrorCode '0x8000ffff'.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: Did you mean to run dotnet SDK commands? Please install dotnet SDK from: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Invoking hostfxr to find the inprocess request handler failed without finding any native dependencies. This most likely means the app is misconfigured, please check the versions of Microsoft.NetCore.App and Microsoft.AspNetCore.App that are targeted by the application and are installed on the machine. Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8000ffff Could not find inprocess request handler. Captured output from invoking hostfxr: Did you mean to run dotnet SDK commands? Please install dotnet SDK from: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409 Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8000ffff

  • Browser: HTTP Error 502.5 - Process Failure

  • Application Log: Application 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/{ASSEMBLY}' with physical root 'C:{PATH}' failed to start process with commandline '"dotnet" .{ASSEMBLY}.dll', ErrorCode = '0x80004005 : 80008081.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The application to execute does not exist: 'PATH{ASSEMBLY}.dll'

Troubleshooting:

  • Confirm that the app runs locally on Kestrel. A process failure might be the result of a problem within the app. For more information, see Troubleshoot (IIS) or Troubleshoot (Azure App Service).

  • Examine the arguments attribute on the <aspNetCore> element in web.config to confirm that it's either (a) .\{ASSEMBLY}.dll for a framework-dependent deployment (FDD); or (b) not present, an empty string (arguments=""), or a list of the app's arguments (arguments="{ARGUMENT_1}, {ARGUMENT_2}, ... {ARGUMENT_X}") for a self-contained deployment (SCD).

Missing .NET Core shared framework

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.0 - ANCM In-Process Handler Load Failure

  • Application Log: Invoking hostfxr to find the inprocess request handler failed without finding any native dependencies. This most likely means the app is misconfigured, please check the versions of Microsoft.NetCore.App and Microsoft.AspNetCore.App that are targeted by the application and are installed on the machine. Could not find inprocess request handler. Captured output from invoking hostfxr: It was not possible to find any compatible framework version. The specified framework 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.App', version '{VERSION}' was not found.

Failed to start application '/LM/W3SVC/5/ROOT', ErrorCode '0x8000ffff'.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: It was not possible to find any compatible framework version. The specified framework 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.App', version '{VERSION}' was not found.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Failed HRESULT returned: 0x8000ffff

Troubleshooting:

For a framework-dependent deployment (FDD), confirm that the correct runtime installed on the system.

Stopped Application Pool

  • Browser: 503 Service Unavailable

  • Application Log: No entry

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: The log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

Confirm that the Application Pool isn't in the Stopped state.

Sub-application includes a <handlers> section

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.19 - Internal Server Error

  • Application Log: No entry

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The root app's log file is created and shows normal operation. The sub-app's log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: The root app's log file is created and shows normal operation. The sub-app's log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

Confirm that the sub-app's web.config file doesn't include a <handlers> section or that the sub-app doesn't inherit the parent app's handlers.

The parent app's <system.webServer> section of web.config is placed inside of a <location> element. The InheritInChildApplications property is set to false to indicate that the settings specified within the <location> element aren't inherited by apps that reside in a subdirectory of the parent app. For more information, see ASP.NET Core Module.

Confirm that the sub-app's web.config file doesn't include a <handlers> section.

stdout log path incorrect

  • Browser: The app responds normally.
  • Application Log: Could not start stdout redirection in C:\Program Files\IIS\Asp.Net Core Module\V2\aspnetcorev2.dll. Exception message: HRESULT 0x80070005 returned at {PATH}\aspnetcoremodulev2\commonlib\fileoutputmanager.cpp:84. Could not stop stdout redirection in C:\Program Files\IIS\Asp.Net Core Module\V2\aspnetcorev2.dll. Exception message: HRESULT 0x80070002 returned at {PATH}. Could not start stdout redirection in {PATH}\aspnetcorev2_inprocess.dll.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

  • ASP.NET Core Module debug Log: Could not start stdout redirection in C:\Program Files\IIS\Asp.Net Core Module\V2\aspnetcorev2.dll. Exception message: HRESULT 0x80070005 returned at {PATH}\aspnetcoremodulev2\commonlib\fileoutputmanager.cpp:84. Could not stop stdout redirection in C:\Program Files\IIS\Asp.Net Core Module\V2\aspnetcorev2.dll. Exception message: HRESULT 0x80070002 returned at {PATH}. Could not start stdout redirection in {PATH}\aspnetcorev2_inprocess.dll.

  • Application Log: Warning: Could not create stdoutLogFile \?{PATH}\path_doesnt_exist\stdout_{PROCESS ID}_{TIMESTAMP}.log, ErrorCode = -2147024893.

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file isn't created.

Troubleshooting:

Application configuration general issue

  • Browser: HTTP Error 500.0 - ANCM In-Process Handler Load Failure --OR-- HTTP Error 500.30 - ANCM In-Process Start Failure

  • Application Log: Variable

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file is created but empty or created with normal entries until the point of the app failing.

  • ASP.NET Core Module Debug Log: Variable

  • Browser: HTTP Error 502.5 - Process Failure

  • Application Log: Application 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/{ASSEMBLY}' with physical root 'C:{PATH}' created process with commandline '"C:{PATH}{ASSEMBLY}.{exe|dll}" ' but either crashed or did not respond or did not listen on the given port '{PORT}', ErrorCode = '{ERROR CODE}'

  • ASP.NET Core Module stdout Log: The log file is created but empty.

Troubleshooting:

The process failed to start, most likely due to an app configuration or programming issue.

For more information, see the following topics: