Introduction to Razor Pages in ASP.NET Core

By Rick Anderson and Ryan Nowak

Razor Pages is a new aspect of ASP.NET Core MVC that makes coding page-focused scenarios easier and more productive.

If you're looking for a tutorial that uses the Model-View-Controller approach, see Get started with ASP.NET Core MVC.

This document provides an introduction to Razor Pages. It's not a step by step tutorial. If you find some of the sections too advanced, see Get started with Razor Pages. For an overview of ASP.NET Core, see the Introduction to ASP.NET Core.

Prerequisites

Prerequisites

Create a Razor Pages project

See Get started with Razor Pages for detailed instructions on how to create a Razor Pages project.

Razor Pages

Razor Pages is enabled in Startup.cs:

public class Startup
{
    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        // Includes support for Razor Pages and controllers.
        services.AddMvc();
    }

    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
    {
        app.UseMvc();
    }
}

Consider a basic page:

@page

<h1>Hello, world!</h1>
<h2>The time on the server is @DateTime.Now</h2>

The preceding code looks a lot like a Razor view file. What makes it different is the @page directive. @page makes the file into an MVC action - which means that it handles requests directly, without going through a controller. @page must be the first Razor directive on a page. @page affects the behavior of other Razor constructs.

A similar page, using a PageModel class, is shown in the following two files. The Pages/Index2.cshtml file:

@page
@using RazorPagesIntro.Pages
@model IndexModel2

<h2>Separate page model</h2>
<p>
    @Model.Message
</p>

The Pages/Index2.cshtml.cs page model:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using System;

namespace RazorPagesIntro.Pages
{
    public class IndexModel2 : PageModel
    {
        public string Message { get; private set; } = "PageModel in C#";

        public void OnGet()
        {
            Message += $" Server time is { DateTime.Now }";
        }
    }
}

By convention, the PageModel class file has the same name as the Razor Page file with .cs appended. For example, the previous Razor Page is Pages/Index2.cshtml. The file containing the PageModel class is named Pages/Index2.cshtml.cs.

The associations of URL paths to pages are determined by the page's location in the file system. The following table shows a Razor Page path and the matching URL:

File name and path matching URL
/Pages/Index.cshtml / or /Index
/Pages/Contact.cshtml /Contact
/Pages/Store/Contact.cshtml /Store/Contact
/Pages/Store/Index.cshtml /Store or /Store/Index

Notes:

  • The runtime looks for Razor Pages files in the Pages folder by default.
  • Index is the default page when a URL doesn't include a page.

Write a basic form

Razor Pages is designed to make common patterns used with web browsers easy to implement when building an app. Model binding, Tag Helpers, and HTML helpers all just work with the properties defined in a Razor Page class. Consider a page that implements a basic "contact us" form for the Contact model:

For the samples in this document, the DbContext is initialized in the Startup.cs file.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using RazorPagesContacts.Data;

namespace RazorPagesContacts
{
    public class Startup
    {
        public IHostingEnvironment HostingEnvironment { get; }

        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.AddDbContext<AppDbContext>(options =>
                              options.UseInMemoryDatabase("name"));
            services.AddMvc();
        }

        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
        {
            app.UseMvc();
        }
    }
}

The data model:

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Data
{
    public class Customer
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }

        [Required, StringLength(100)]
        public string Name { get; set; }
    }
}

The db context:

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Data
{
    public class AppDbContext : DbContext
    {
        public AppDbContext(DbContextOptions options)
            : base(options)
        {
        }

        public DbSet<Customer> Customers { get; set; }
    }
}

The Pages/Create.cshtml view file:

@page
@model RazorPagesContacts.Pages.CreateModel
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

<html>
<body>
    <p>
        Enter your name.
    </p>
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <form method="POST">
        <div>Name: <input asp-for="Customer.Name" /></div>
        <input type="submit" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The Pages/Create.cshtml.cs page model:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using RazorPagesContacts.Data;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
{
    public class CreateModel : PageModel
    {
        private readonly AppDbContext _db;

        public CreateModel(AppDbContext db)
        {
            _db = db;
        }

        [BindProperty]
        public Customer Customer { get; set; }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return Page();
            }

            _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
            await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
            return RedirectToPage("/Index");
        }
    }
}

By convention, the PageModel class is called <PageName>Model and is in the same namespace as the page.

The PageModel class allows separation of the logic of a page from its presentation. It defines page handlers for requests sent to the page and the data used to render the page. This separation allows you to manage page dependencies through dependency injection and to unit test the pages.

The page has an OnPostAsync handler method, which runs on POST requests (when a user posts the form). You can add handler methods for any HTTP verb. The most common handlers are:

  • OnGet to initialize state needed for the page. OnGet sample.
  • OnPost to handle form submissions.

The Async naming suffix is optional but is often used by convention for asynchronous functions. The OnPostAsync code in the preceding example looks similar to what you would normally write in a controller. The preceding code is typical for Razor Pages. Most of the MVC primitives like model binding, validation, and action results are shared.

The previous OnPostAsync method:

public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
{
    if (!ModelState.IsValid)
    {
        return Page();
    }

    _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
    await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
    return RedirectToPage("/Index");
}

The basic flow of OnPostAsync:

Check for validation errors.

  • If there are no errors, save the data and redirect.
  • If there are errors, show the page again with validation messages. Client-side validation is identical to traditional ASP.NET Core MVC applications. In many cases, validation errors would be detected on the client, and never submitted to the server.

When the data is entered successfully, the OnPostAsync handler method calls the RedirectToPage helper method to return an instance of RedirectToPageResult. RedirectToPage is a new action result, similar to RedirectToAction or RedirectToRoute, but customized for pages. In the preceding sample, it redirects to the root Index page (/Index). RedirectToPage is detailed in the URL generation for Pages section.

When the submitted form has validation errors (that are passed to the server), theOnPostAsync handler method calls the Page helper method. Page returns an instance of PageResult. Returning Page is similar to how actions in controllers return View. PageResult is the default return type for a handler method. A handler method that returns void renders the page.

The Customer property uses [BindProperty] attribute to opt in to model binding.

public class CreateModel : PageModel
{
    private readonly AppDbContext _db;

    public CreateModel(AppDbContext db)
    {
        _db = db;
    }

    [BindProperty]
    public Customer Customer { get; set; }

    public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
    {
        if (!ModelState.IsValid)
        {
            return Page();
        }

        _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
        await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
        return RedirectToPage("/Index");
    }
}

Razor Pages, by default, bind properties only with non-GET verbs. Binding to properties can reduce the amount of code you have to write. Binding reduces code by using the same property to render form fields (<input asp-for="Customer.Name" />) and accept the input.

Warning

For security reasons, you must opt in to binding GET request data to page model properties. Verify user input before mapping it to properties. Opting in to GET binding is useful when addressing scenarios which rely on query string or route values.

To bind a property on GET requests, set the [BindProperty] attribute's SupportsGet property to true: [BindProperty(SupportsGet = true)]

The home page (Index.cshtml):

@page
@model RazorPagesContacts.Pages.IndexModel
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

<h1>Contacts</h1>
<form method="post">
    <table class="table">
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th>ID</th>
                <th>Name</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            @foreach (var contact in Model.Customers)
            {
                <tr>
                    <td>@contact.Id</td>
                    <td>@contact.Name</td>
                    <td>
                        <a asp-page="./Edit" asp-route-id="@contact.Id">edit</a>
                        <button type="submit" asp-page-handler="delete" 
                                asp-route-id="@contact.Id">delete</button>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            }
        </tbody>
    </table>

    <a asp-page="./Create">Create</a>
</form>

The associated PageModel class (Index.cshtml.cs):

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using RazorPagesContacts.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
{
    public class IndexModel : PageModel
    {
        private readonly AppDbContext _db;

        public IndexModel(AppDbContext db)
        {
            _db = db;
        }

        public IList<Customer> Customers { get; private set; }

        public async Task OnGetAsync()
        {
            Customers = await _db.Customers.AsNoTracking().ToListAsync();
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostDeleteAsync(int id)
        {
            var contact = await _db.Customers.FindAsync(id);

            if (contact != null)
            {
                _db.Customers.Remove(contact);
                await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
            }

            return RedirectToPage();
        }
    }
}

The Index.cshtml file contains the following markup to create an edit link for each contact:

<a asp-page="./Edit" asp-route-id="@contact.Id">edit</a>

The Anchor Tag Helper used the asp-route-{value} attribute to generate a link to the Edit page. The link contains route data with the contact ID. For example, http://localhost:5000/Edit/1.

The Pages/Edit.cshtml file:

@page "{id:int}"
@model RazorPagesContacts.Pages.EditModel
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

@{
    ViewData["Title"] = "Edit Customer";
}

<h1>Edit Customer - @Model.Customer.Id</h1>
<form method="post">
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <input asp-for="Customer.Id" type="hidden" />
    <div>
        <label asp-for="Customer.Name"></label>
        <div>
            <input asp-for="Customer.Name" />
            <span asp-validation-for="Customer.Name" ></span>
        </div>
    </div>
 
    <div>
        <button type="submit">Save</button>
    </div>
</form>

The first line contains the @page "{id:int}" directive. The routing constraint"{id:int}" tells the page to accept requests to the page that contain int route data. If a request to the page doesn't contain route data that can be converted to an int, the runtime returns an HTTP 404 (not found) error. To make the ID optional, append ? to the route constraint:

@page "{id:int?}"

The Pages/Edit.cshtml.cs file:

using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using RazorPagesContacts.Data;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
{
    public class EditModel : PageModel
    {
        private readonly AppDbContext _db;

        public EditModel(AppDbContext db)
        {
            _db = db;
        }

        [BindProperty]
        public Customer Customer { get; set; }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnGetAsync(int id)
        {
            Customer = await _db.Customers.FindAsync(id);

            if (Customer == null)
            {
                return RedirectToPage("/Index");
            }

            return Page();
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return Page();
            }

            _db.Attach(Customer).State = EntityState.Modified;

            try
            {
                await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
            }
            catch (DbUpdateConcurrencyException)
            {
                throw new Exception($"Customer {Customer.Id} not found!");
            }

            return RedirectToPage("/Index");
        }
    }
}

The Index.cshtml file also contains markup to create a delete button for each customer contact:

<button type="submit" asp-page-handler="delete" 
        asp-route-id="@contact.Id">delete</button>

When the delete button is rendered in HTML, its formaction includes parameters for:

  • The customer contact ID specified by the asp-route-id attribute.
  • The handler specified by the asp-page-handler attribute.

Here is an example of a rendered delete button with a customer contact ID of 1:

<button type="submit" formaction="/?id=1&amp;handler=delete">delete</button>

When the button is selected, a form POST request is sent to the server. By convention, the name of the handler method is selected based on the value of the handler parameter according to the scheme OnPost[handler]Async.

Because the handler is delete in this example, the OnPostDeleteAsync handler method is used to process the POST request. If the asp-page-handler is set to a different value, such as remove, a page handler method with the name OnPostRemoveAsync is selected.

public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostDeleteAsync(int id)
{
    var contact = await _db.Customers.FindAsync(id);

    if (contact != null)
    {
        _db.Customers.Remove(contact);
        await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
    }

    return RedirectToPage();
}

The OnPostDeleteAsync method:

  • Accepts the id from the query string.
  • Queries the database for the customer contact with FindAsync.
  • If the customer contact is found, they're removed from the list of customer contacts. The database is updated.
  • Calls RedirectToPage to redirect to the root Index page (/Index).

Mark page properties as required

Properties on a PageModel can be decorated with the Required attribute:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;

namespace RazorPagesMovie.Pages.Movies
{
    public class CreateModel : PageModel
    {
        public IActionResult OnGet()
        {
            return Page();
        }

        [BindProperty]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Color is required")]
        public string Color { get; set; }

        public IActionResult OnPostAsync()
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return Page();
            }

            // Process color.

            return RedirectToPage("./Index");
        }
    }
}

For more information, see Model validation.

Manage HEAD requests with the OnGet handler

HEAD requests allow you to retrieve the headers for a specific resource. Unlike GET requests, HEAD requests don't return a response body.

Ordinarily, a HEAD handler is created and called for HEAD requests:

public void OnHead()
{
    HttpContext.Response.Headers.Add("HandledBy", "Handled by OnHead!");
}

If no HEAD handler (OnHead) is defined, Razor Pages falls back to calling the GET page handler (OnGet) in ASP.NET Core 2.1 or later. In ASP.NET Core 2.1 and 2.2, this behavior occurs with the SetCompatibilityVersion in Startup.Configure:

services.AddMvc()
    .SetCompatibilityVersion(Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_1);

The default templates generate the SetCompatibilityVersion call in ASP.NET Core 2.1 and 2.2.

SetCompatibilityVersion effectively sets the Razor Pages option AllowMappingHeadRequestsToGetHandler to true.

Rather than opting into all 2.1 behaviors with SetCompatibilityVersion, you can explicitly opt-in to specific behaviors. The following code opts into the mapping HEAD requests to the GET handler.

services.AddMvc()
    .AddRazorPagesOptions(options =>
    {
        options.AllowMappingHeadRequestsToGetHandler = true;
    });

XSRF/CSRF and Razor Pages

You don't have to write any code for antiforgery validation. Antiforgery token generation and validation are automatically included in Razor Pages.

Using Layouts, partials, templates, and Tag Helpers with Razor Pages

Pages work with all the capabilities of the Razor view engine. Layouts, partials, templates, Tag Helpers, _ViewStart.cshtml, _ViewImports.cshtml work in the same way they do for conventional Razor views.

Let's declutter this page by taking advantage of some of those capabilities.

Add a layout page to Pages/Shared/_Layout.cshtml:

Add a layout page to Pages/_Layout.cshtml:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head> 
    <title>Razor Pages Sample</title>      
</head>
<body>    
   <a asp-page="/Index">Home</a>
    @RenderBody()  
    <a asp-page="/Customers/Create">Create</a> <br />
</body>
</html>

The Layout:

  • Controls the layout of each page (unless the page opts out of layout).
  • Imports HTML structures such as JavaScript and stylesheets.

See layout page for more information.

The Layout property is set in Pages/_ViewStart.cshtml:

@{
    Layout = "_Layout";
}

The layout is in the Pages/Shared folder. Pages look for other views (layouts, templates, partials) hierarchically, starting in the same folder as the current page. A layout in the Pages/Shared folder can be used from any Razor page under the Pages folder.

The layout file should go in the Pages/Shared folder.

The layout is in the Pages folder. Pages look for other views (layouts, templates, partials) hierarchically, starting in the same folder as the current page. A layout in the Pages folder can be used from any Razor page under the Pages folder.

We recommend you not put the layout file in the Views/Shared folder. Views/Shared is an MVC views pattern. Razor Pages are meant to rely on folder hierarchy, not path conventions.

View search from a Razor Page includes the Pages folder. The layouts, templates, and partials you're using with MVC controllers and conventional Razor views just work.

Add a Pages/_ViewImports.cshtml file:

@namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

@namespace is explained later in the tutorial. The @addTagHelper directive brings in the built-in Tag Helpers to all the pages in the Pages folder.

When the @namespace directive is used explicitly on a page:

@page
@namespace RazorPagesIntro.Pages.Customers

@model NameSpaceModel

<h2>Name space</h2>
<p>
    @Model.Message
</p>

The directive sets the namespace for the page. The @model directive doesn't need to include the namespace.

When the @namespace directive is contained in _ViewImports.cshtml, the specified namespace supplies the prefix for the generated namespace in the Page that imports the @namespace directive. The rest of the generated namespace (the suffix portion) is the dot-separated relative path between the folder containing _ViewImports.cshtml and the folder containing the page.

For example, the PageModel class Pages/Customers/Edit.cshtml.cs explicitly sets the namespace:

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
{
    public class EditModel : PageModel
    {
        private readonly AppDbContext _db;

        public EditModel(AppDbContext db)
        {
            _db = db;
        }

        // Code removed for brevity.

The Pages/_ViewImports.cshtml file sets the following namespace:

@namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

The generated namespace for the Pages/Customers/Edit.cshtml Razor Page is the same as the PageModel class.

@namespace also works with conventional Razor views.

The original Pages/Create.cshtml view file:

@page
@model RazorPagesContacts.Pages.CreateModel
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

<html>
<body>
    <p>
        Enter your name.
    </p>
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <form method="POST">
        <div>Name: <input asp-for="Customer.Name" /></div>
        <input type="submit" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The updated Pages/Create.cshtml view file:

@page
@model CreateModel

<html>
<body>
    <p>
        Enter your name.
    </p>
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <form method="POST">
        <div>Name: <input asp-for="Customer.Name" /></div>
        <input type="submit" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The Razor Pages starter project contains the Pages/_ValidationScriptsPartial.cshtml, which hooks up client-side validation.

For more information on partial views, see Partial views in ASP.NET Core.

URL generation for Pages

The Create page, shown previously, uses RedirectToPage:

public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
{
    if (!ModelState.IsValid)
    {
        return Page();
    }

    _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
    await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
    return RedirectToPage("/Index");
}

The app has the following file/folder structure:

  • /Pages

    • Index.cshtml

    • /Customers

      • Create.cshtml
      • Edit.cshtml
      • Index.cshtml

The Pages/Customers/Create.cshtml and Pages/Customers/Edit.cshtml pages redirect to Pages/Index.cshtml after success. The string /Index is part of the URI to access the preceding page. The string /Index can be used to generate URIs to the Pages/Index.cshtml page. For example:

  • Url.Page("/Index", ...)
  • <a asp-page="/Index">My Index Page</a>
  • RedirectToPage("/Index")

The page name is the path to the page from the root /Pages folder including a leading / (for example, /Index). The preceding URL generation samples offer enhanced options and functional capabilities over hardcoding a URL. URL generation uses routing and can generate and encode parameters according to how the route is defined in the destination path.

URL generation for pages supports relative names. The following table shows which Index page is selected with different RedirectToPage parameters from Pages/Customers/Create.cshtml:

RedirectToPage(x) Page
RedirectToPage("/Index") Pages/Index
RedirectToPage("./Index"); Pages/Customers/Index
RedirectToPage("../Index") Pages/Index
RedirectToPage("Index") Pages/Customers/Index

RedirectToPage("Index"), RedirectToPage("./Index"), and RedirectToPage("../Index") are relative names. The RedirectToPage parameter is combined with the path of the current page to compute the name of the destination page.

Relative name linking is useful when building sites with a complex structure. If you use relative names to link between pages in a folder, you can rename that folder. All the links still work (because they didn't include the folder name).

ViewData attribute

Data can be passed to a page with ViewDataAttribute. Properties on controllers or Razor Page models decorated with [ViewData] have their values stored and loaded from the ViewDataDictionary.

In the following example, the AboutModel contains a Title property decorated with [ViewData]. The Title property is set to the title of the About page:

public class AboutModel : PageModel
{
    [ViewData]
    public string Title { get; } = "About";

    public void OnGet()
    {
    }
}

In the About page, access the Title property as a model property:

<h1>@Model.Title</h1>

In the layout, the title is read from the ViewData dictionary:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <title>@ViewData["Title"] - WebApplication</title>
    ...

TempData

ASP.NET Core exposes the TempData property on a controller. This property stores data until it's read. The Keep and Peek methods can be used to examine the data without deletion. TempData is useful for redirection, when data is needed for more than a single request.

The [TempData] attribute is new in ASP.NET Core 2.0 and is supported on controllers and pages.

The following code sets the value of Message using TempData:

public class CreateDotModel : PageModel
{
    private readonly AppDbContext _db;

    public CreateDotModel(AppDbContext db)
    {
        _db = db;
    }

    [TempData]
    public string Message { get; set; }

    [BindProperty]
    public Customer Customer { get; set; }

    public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
    {
        if (!ModelState.IsValid)
        {
            return Page();
        }

        _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
        await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
        Message = $"Customer {Customer.Name} added";
        return RedirectToPage("./Index");
    }
}

The following markup in the Pages/Customers/Index.cshtml file displays the value of Message using TempData.

<h3>Msg: @Model.Message</h3>

The Pages/Customers/Index.cshtml.cs page model applies the [TempData] attribute to the Message property.

[TempData]
public string Message { get; set; }

For more information, see TempData .

Multiple handlers per page

The following page generates markup for two page handlers using the asp-page-handler Tag Helper:

@page
@model CreateFATHModel

<html>
<body>
    <p>
        Enter your name.
    </p>
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <form method="POST">
        <div>Name: <input asp-for="Customer.Name" /></div>
        <input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinList" value="Join" />
        <input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinListUC" value="JOIN UC" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The form in the preceding example has two submit buttons, each using the FormActionTagHelper to submit to a different URL. The asp-page-handler attribute is a companion to asp-page. asp-page-handler generates URLs that submit to each of the handler methods defined by a page. asp-page isn't specified because the sample is linking to the current page.

The page model:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using RazorPagesContacts.Data;

namespace RazorPagesContacts.Pages.Customers
{
    public class CreateFATHModel : PageModel
    {
        private readonly AppDbContext _db;

        public CreateFATHModel(AppDbContext db)
        {
            _db = db;
        }

        [BindProperty]
        public Customer Customer { get; set; }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostJoinListAsync()
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return Page();
            }

            _db.Customers.Add(Customer);
            await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
            return RedirectToPage("/Index");
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostJoinListUCAsync()
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return Page();
            }
            Customer.Name = Customer.Name?.ToUpper();
            return await OnPostJoinListAsync();
        }
    }
}

The preceding code uses named handler methods. Named handler methods are created by taking the text in the name after On<HTTP Verb> and before Async (if present). In the preceding example, the page methods are OnPostJoinListAsync and OnPostJoinListUCAsync. With OnPost and Async removed, the handler names are JoinList and JoinListUC.

<input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinList" value="Join" />
<input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinListUC" value="JOIN UC" />

Using the preceding code, the URL path that submits to OnPostJoinListAsync is http://localhost:5000/Customers/CreateFATH?handler=JoinList. The URL path that submits to OnPostJoinListUCAsync is http://localhost:5000/Customers/CreateFATH?handler=JoinListUC.

Custom routes

Use the @page directive to:

  • Specify a custom route to a page. For example, the route to the About page can be set to /Some/Other/Path with @page "/Some/Other/Path".
  • Append segments to a page's default route. For example, an "item" segment can be added to a page's default route with @page "item".
  • Append parameters to a page's default route. For example, an ID parameter, id, can be required for a page with @page "{id}".

A root-relative path designated by a tilde (~) at the beginning of the path is supported. For example, @page "~/Some/Other/Path" is the same as @page "/Some/Other/Path".

You can change the query string ?handler=JoinList in the URL to a route segment /JoinList by specifying the route template @page "{handler?}".

If you don't like the query string ?handler=JoinList in the URL, you can change the route to put the handler name in the path portion of the URL. You can customize the route by adding a route template enclosed in double quotes after the @page directive.

@page "{handler?}"
@model CreateRouteModel

<html>
<body>
    <p>
        Enter your name.
    </p>
    <div asp-validation-summary="All"></div>
    <form method="POST">
        <div>Name: <input asp-for="Customer.Name" /></div>
        <input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinList" value="Join" />
        <input type="submit" asp-page-handler="JoinListUC" value="JOIN UC" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Using the preceding code, the URL path that submits to OnPostJoinListAsync is http://localhost:5000/Customers/CreateFATH/JoinList. The URL path that submits to OnPostJoinListUCAsync is http://localhost:5000/Customers/CreateFATH/JoinListUC.

The ? following handler means the route parameter is optional.

Configuration and settings

To configure advanced options, use the extension method AddRazorPagesOptions on the MVC builder:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddMvc()
        .AddRazorPagesOptions(options =>
        {
            options.RootDirectory = "/MyPages";
            options.Conventions.AuthorizeFolder("/MyPages/Admin");
        });
}

Currently you can use the RazorPagesOptions to set the root directory for pages, or add application model conventions for pages. We'll enable more extensibility this way in the future.

To precompile views, see Razor view compilation .

Download or view sample code.

See Get started with Razor Pages, which builds on this introduction.

Specify that Razor Pages are at the content root

By default, Razor Pages are rooted in the /Pages directory. Add WithRazorPagesAtContentRoot to AddMvc to specify that your Razor Pages are at the content root (ContentRootPath) of the app:

services.AddMvc()
    .AddRazorPagesOptions(options =>
    {
        ...
    })
    .WithRazorPagesAtContentRoot();

Specify that Razor Pages are at a custom root directory

Add WithRazorPagesRoot to AddMvc to specify that your Razor Pages are at a custom root directory in the app (provide a relative path):

services.AddMvc()
    .AddRazorPagesOptions(options =>
    {
        ...
    })
    .WithRazorPagesRoot("/path/to/razor/pages");

Additional resources