Introduction

Authorization refers to the process that determines what a user is able to do. For example, an administrative user is allowed to create a document library, add documents, edit documents, and delete them. A non-administrative user working with the library is only authorized to read the documents.

Authorization is orthogonal and independent from authentication, which is the process of ascertaining who a user is. Authentication may create one or more identities for the current user.

Authorization Types

In ASP.NET Core authorization now provides simple declarative role and a richer policy based model where authorization is expressed in requirements and handlers evaluate a users claims against requirements. Imperative checks can be based on simple policies or policies which evaluate both the user identity and properties of the resource that the user is attempting to access.

Namespaces

Authorization components, including the AuthorizeAttribute and AllowAnonymousAttribute attributes are found in the Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authorization namespace.