Quickstart: Create a Windows Server VM by using PowerShell in Azure Stack
Applies to: Azure Stack integrated systems and Azure Stack Development Kit
You can create a Windows Server 2016 virtual machine (VM) by using Azure Stack PowerShell. Follow the steps in this article to create and use a VM. This article also gives you the steps to:
- Connect to the VM with a remote client.
- Install the IIS web server and view the default home page.
- Clean up your resources.
You can run the steps described in this article from the Azure Stack Development Kit, or from a Windows-based external client if you are connected over a VPN.
Prerequisites for Windows Server VM
Make sure that your Azure Stack operator has added the Windows Server 2016 image to the Azure Stack marketplace.
Azure Stack requires a specific version of Azure PowerShell to create and manage the resources. If you don't have PowerShell configured for Azure Stack, follow the steps to install PowerShell.
With the Azure Stack PowerShell set up, you'll need to connect to your Azure Stack environment. For instruction, see Connect to Azure Stack with PowerShell as a user.
Create a resource group
A resource group is a logical container into which Azure Stack resources are deployed and managed. From your development kit or the Azure Stack integrated system, run the following code block to create a resource group.
Values are assigned for all variables in the code examples. However, you can assign new values if you want to.
# Create variables to store the location and resource group names. $location = "local" $ResourceGroupName = "myResourceGroup" New-AzureRmResourceGroup ` -Name $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location
Create storage resources
Create a storage account and a storage container to store the Windows Server 2016 image.
# Create variables to store the storage account name and the storage account SKU information $StorageAccountName = "mystorageaccount" $SkuName = "Standard_LRS" # Create a new storage account $StorageAccount = New-AzureRMStorageAccount ` -Location $location ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Type $SkuName ` -Name $StorageAccountName Set-AzureRmCurrentStorageAccount ` -StorageAccountName $storageAccountName ` -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName
Create networking resources
Create a virtual network, subnet, and a public IP address. These resources are used to provide network connectivity to the VM.
# Create a subnet configuration $subnetConfig = New-AzureRmVirtualNetworkSubnetConfig ` -Name mySubnet ` -AddressPrefix 192.168.1.0/24 # Create a virtual network $vnet = New-AzureRmVirtualNetwork ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location ` -Name MyVnet ` -AddressPrefix 192.168.0.0/16 ` -Subnet $subnetConfig # Create a public IP address and specify a DNS name $pip = New-AzureRmPublicIpAddress ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location ` -AllocationMethod Static ` -IdleTimeoutInMinutes 4 ` -Name "mypublicdns$(Get-Random)"
Create a network security group and a network security group rule
The network security group secures the VM by using inbound and outbound rules. Let's create an inbound rule for port 3389 to allow incoming Remote Desktop connections and an inbound rule for port 80 to allow incoming web traffic.
# Create an inbound network security group rule for port 3389 $nsgRuleRDP = New-AzureRmNetworkSecurityRuleConfig ` -Name myNetworkSecurityGroupRuleRDP ` -Protocol Tcp ` -Direction Inbound ` -Priority 1000 ` -SourceAddressPrefix * ` -SourcePortRange * ` -DestinationAddressPrefix * ` -DestinationPortRange 3389 ` -Access Allow # Create an inbound network security group rule for port 80 $nsgRuleWeb = New-AzureRmNetworkSecurityRuleConfig ` -Name myNetworkSecurityGroupRuleWWW ` -Protocol Tcp ` -Direction Inbound ` -Priority 1001 ` -SourceAddressPrefix * ` -SourcePortRange * ` -DestinationAddressPrefix * ` -DestinationPortRange 80 ` -Access Allow # Create a network security group $nsg = New-AzureRmNetworkSecurityGroup ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location ` -Name myNetworkSecurityGroup ` -SecurityRules $nsgRuleRDP,$nsgRuleWeb
Create a network card for the VM
The network card connects the VM to a subnet, network security group, and public IP address.
# Create a virtual network card and associate it with public IP address and NSG $nic = New-AzureRmNetworkInterface ` -Name myNic ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location ` -SubnetId $vnet.Subnets.Id ` -PublicIpAddressId $pip.Id ` -NetworkSecurityGroupId $nsg.Id
Create a VM
Create a VM configuration. This configuration includes the settings used when deploying the VM. For example: credentials, size, and the VM image.
# Define a credential object to store the username and password for the VM $UserName='demouser' $Password='Password@123'| ConvertTo-SecureString -Force -AsPlainText $Credential=New-Object PSCredential($UserName,$Password) # Create the VM configuration object $VmName = "VirtualMachinelatest" $VmSize = "Standard_A1" $VirtualMachine = New-AzureRmVMConfig ` -VMName $VmName ` -VMSize $VmSize $VirtualMachine = Set-AzureRmVMOperatingSystem ` -VM $VirtualMachine ` -Windows ` -ComputerName "MainComputer" ` -Credential $Credential $VirtualMachine = Set-AzureRmVMSourceImage ` -VM $VirtualMachine ` -PublisherName "MicrosoftWindowsServer" ` -Offer "WindowsServer" ` -Skus "2016-Datacenter" ` -Version "latest" # Sets the operating system disk properties on a VM. $VirtualMachine = Set-AzureRmVMOSDisk ` -VM $VirtualMachine ` -CreateOption FromImage | ` Set-AzureRmVMBootDiagnostics -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -StorageAccountName $StorageAccountName -Enable |` Add-AzureRmVMNetworkInterface -Id $nic.Id # Create the VM. New-AzureRmVM ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName ` -Location $location ` -VM $VirtualMachine
Connect to the VM
To remote into the VM that you created in the previous step, you need its public IP address. Run the following command to get the public IP address of the VM:
Get-AzureRmPublicIpAddress ` -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroupName | Select IpAddress
Use the following command to create a Remote Desktop session with the VM. Replace the IP address with the publicIPAddress of your VM. When prompted, enter the username and password used when creating the VM.
mstsc /v <publicIpAddress>
Install IIS via PowerShell
Now that you have signed in to the Azure VM, you can use a single line of PowerShell to install IIS and enable the local firewall rule to allow web traffic. Open a PowerShell prompt and run the following command:
Install-WindowsFeature -name Web-Server -IncludeManagementTools
View the IIS welcome page
With IIS installed, and with port 80 open on your VM, you can use any browser to view the default IIS welcome page. Use the publicIpAddress you documented in the previous section to visit the default page.
Delete the VM
When no longer needed, use the following command to remove the resource group that contains the VM and its related resources:
Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup ` -Name $ResourceGroupName
In this quickstart, you've deployed a simple Windows VM. To learn more about Azure Stack VMs, continue to Azure Stack VM features.