ContentDefinitions

Note

In Azure Active Directory B2C, custom policies are designed primarily to address complex scenarios. For most scenarios, we recommend that you use built-in user flows.

You can customize the look and feel of any self-asserted technical profile. Azure Active Directory B2C (Azure AD B2C) runs code in your customer's browser and uses a modern approach called Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS).

To customize the user interface, you specify a URL in the ContentDefinition element with customized HTML content. In the self-asserted technical profile or OrchestrationStep, you point to that content definition identifier. The content definition may contain a LocalizedResourcesReferences element that specifies a list of localized resources to load. Azure AD B2C merges user interface elements with the HTML content that's loaded from your URL and then displays the page to the user.

The ContentDefinitions element contains URLs to HTML5 templates that can be used in a user journey. The HTML5 page URI is used for a specified user interface step. For example, the sign-in or sign-up, password reset, or error pages. You can modify the look and feel by overriding the LoadUri for the HTML5 file. You can create new content definitions according to your needs. This element may contain a localized resources reference, to the localization identifier specified in the Localization element.

The following example shows the content definition identifier and the definition of localized resources:

<ContentDefinition Id="api.localaccountsignup">
  <LoadUri>~/tenant/default/selfAsserted.cshtml</LoadUri>
  <RecoveryUri>~/common/default_page_error.html</RecoveryUri>
  <DataUri>urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:selfasserted:1.1.0</DataUri>
  <Metadata>
    <Item Key="DisplayName">Local account sign up page</Item>
  </Metadata>
  <LocalizedResourcesReferences MergeBehavior="Prepend">
    <LocalizedResourcesReference Language="en" LocalizedResourcesReferenceId="api.localaccountsignup.en" />
    <LocalizedResourcesReference Language="es" LocalizedResourcesReferenceId="api.localaccountsignup.es" />
    ...

The metadata of the LocalAccountSignUpWithLogonEmail self-asserted technical profile contains the content definition identifier ContentDefinitionReferenceId set to api.localaccountsignup

<TechnicalProfile Id="LocalAccountSignUpWithLogonEmail">
  <DisplayName>Email signup</DisplayName>
  <Protocol Name="Proprietary" Handler="Web.TPEngine.Providers.SelfAssertedAttributeProvider, Web.TPEngine, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" />
  <Metadata>
    <Item Key="ContentDefinitionReferenceId">api.localaccountsignup</Item>
    ...
  </Metadata>
  ...

ContentDefinition

The ContentDefinition element contains the following attribute:

Attribute Required Description
Id Yes An identifier for a content definition. The value is one specified in the Content definition IDs section later in this page.

The ContentDefinition element contains the following elements:

Element Occurrences Description
LoadUri 1:1 A string that contains the URL of the HTML5 page for the content definition.
RecoveryUri 1:1 A string that contains the URL of the HTML page for displaying an error relating to the content definition.
DataUri 1:1 A string that contains the relative URL of an HTML file that provides the user experience to invoke for the step.
Metadata 0:1 A collection of key/value pairs that contains the metadata utilized by the content definition.
LocalizedResourcesReferences 0:1 A collection of localized resources references. Use this element to customize the localization of a user interface and claims attribute.

DataUri

The DataUri element is used to specify the page identifier. Azure AD B2C uses the page identifier to load and initiate UI elements and client side JavaScript. The format of the value is urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:page-name:version. The following table lists the page identifiers you can use.

Page identifier Description
globalexception Displays an error page when an exception or an error is encountered.
providerselection, idpselection Lists the identity providers that users can choose from during sign-in.
unifiedssp Displays a form for signing in with a local account that's based on an email address or a user name. This value also provides the “keep me sign-in functionality” and “Forgot your password?” link.
unifiedssd Displays a form for signing in with a local account that's based on an email address or a user name.
multifactor Verifies phone numbers by using text or voice during sign-up or sign-in.
selfasserted Displays a form to collect data from a user. For example, enables users to create or update their profile.

Select a page layout

You can enable JavaScript client-side code by inserting contract between elements and the page type. For example, urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:page-name:version.

Note

This feature is in public preview.

The version part of the DataUri specifies the package of content containing HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for the user interface elements in your policy. If you intend to enable JavaScript client-side code, the elements you base your JavaScript on must be immutable. If they're not immutable, any changes could cause unexpected behavior on your user pages. To prevent these issues, enforce the use of a page layout and specify a page layout version. Doing so ensures that all content definitions you’ve based your JavaScript on are immutable. Even if you don’t intend to enable JavaScript, you still need to specify the page layout version for your pages.

The following example shows the DataUri of selfasserted version 1.2.0:

<ContentDefinition Id="api.localaccountpasswordreset">
<LoadUri>~/tenant/templates/AzureBlue/selfAsserted.cshtml</LoadUri>
<RecoveryUri>~/common/default_page_error.html</RecoveryUri>
<DataUri>urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:selfasserted:1.2.0</DataUri>
<Metadata>
    <Item Key="DisplayName">Local account change password page</Item>
</Metadata>
</ContentDefinition>

Migrating to page layout

The format of the value must contain the word contract: urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:page-name:version. To specify a page layout in your custom policies that use an old DataUri value, use following table to migrate to the new format.

Old DataUri value New DataUri value
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:globalexception:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:globalexception:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:globalexception:1.1.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:globalexception:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:idpselection:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:providerselection:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:multifactor:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:multifactor:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:multifactor:1.1.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:multifactor:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:selfasserted:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:selfasserted:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:selfasserted:1.1.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:selfasserted:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:unifiedssd:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:unifiedssd:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:unifiedssp:1.0.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:unifiedssp:1.2.0
urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:unifiedssp:1.1.0 urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:contract:unifiedssp:1.2.0

Metadata

A Metadata element contains the following elements:

Element Occurrences Description
Item 0:n The metadata that relates to the content definition.

The Item element of the Metadata element contains the following attributes:

Attribute Required Description
Key Yes The metadata key.

Metadata keys

Content definition supports following metadata items:

Key Required Description
DisplayName No A string that contains the name of the content definition.

LocalizedResourcesReferences

The LocalizedResourcesReferences element contains the following elements:

Element Occurrences Description
LocalizedResourcesReference 1:n A list of localized resource references for the content definition.

The LocalizedResourcesReference element contains the following attributes:

Attribute Required Description
Language Yes A string that contains a supported language for the policy per RFC 5646 - Tags for Identifying Languages.
LocalizedResourcesReferenceId Yes The identifier of the LocalizedResources element.

The following example shows a sign-up or sign-in content definition with a reference to localization for English, French and Spanish:

<ContentDefinition Id="api.signuporsignin">
  <LoadUri>~/tenant/default/unified.cshtml</LoadUri>
  <RecoveryUri>~/common/default_page_error.html</RecoveryUri>
  <DataUri>urn:com:microsoft:aad:b2c:elements:unifiedssp:1.0.0</DataUri>
  <Metadata>
    <Item Key="DisplayName">Signin and Signup</Item>
  </Metadata>
  <LocalizedResourcesReferences MergeBehavior="Prepend">
    <LocalizedResourcesReference Language="en" LocalizedResourcesReferenceId="api.signuporsignin.en" />
    <LocalizedResourcesReference Language="fr" LocalizedResourcesReferenceId="api.signuporsignin.rf" />
    <LocalizedResourcesReference Language="es" LocalizedResourcesReferenceId="api.signuporsignin.es" />
</LocalizedResourcesReferences>
</ContentDefinition>

To learn how to add localization support to your content definitions, see Localization.

Content definition IDs

The ID attribute of the ContentDefinition element specifies the type of page that relates to the content definition. The element defines the context that a custom HTML5/CSS template is going to apply. The following table describes the set of content definition IDs that is recognized by the Identity Experience Framework, and the page types that relate to them. You can create your own content definitions with an arbitrary ID.

ID Default template Description
api.error exception.cshtml Error page - Displays an error page when an exception or an error is encountered.
api.idpselections idpSelector.cshtml Identity provider selection page - Lists identity providers that users can choose from during sign-in. The options are usually enterprise identity providers, social identity providers such as Facebook and Google+, or local accounts.
api.idpselections.signup idpSelector.cshtml Identity provider selection for sign-up - Lists identity providers that users can choose from during sign-up. The options are usually enterprise identity providers, social identity providers such as Facebook and Google+, or local accounts.
api.localaccountpasswordreset selfasserted.cshtml Forgot password page - Displays a form that users must complete to initiate a password reset.
api.localaccountsignin selfasserted.cshtml Local account sign-in page - Displays a form for signing in with a local account that's based on an email address or a user name. The form can contain a text input box and password entry box.
api.localaccountsignup selfasserted.cshtml Local account sign-up page - Displays a form for signing up for a local account that's based on an email address or a user name. The form can contain various input controls, such as: a text input box, a password entry box, a radio button, single-select drop-down boxes, and multi-select check boxes.
api.phonefactor multifactor-1.0.0.cshtml Multi-factor authentication page - Verifies phone numbers, by using text or voice, during sign-up or sign-in.
api.selfasserted selfasserted.cshtml Social account sign-up page - Displays a form that users must complete when they sign up by using an existing account from a social identity provider. This page is similar to the preceding social account sign up page, except for the password entry fields.
api.selfasserted.profileupdate updateprofile.cshtml Profile update page - Displays a form that users can access to update their profile. This page is similar to the social account sign up page, except for the password entry fields.
api.signuporsignin unified.cshtml Unified sign-up or sign-in page - Handles the user sign-up and sign-in process. Users can use enterprise identity providers, social identity providers such as Facebook or Google+, or local accounts.

Next steps

For an example of customizing the user interface by using content definitions, see:

Customize the user interface of your application using a custom policy