Enable B2B external collaboration and manage who can invite guests

This article describes how to enable Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) B2B collaboration, designate who can invite guests, and determine the permissions that guest users have in your Azure AD.

By default, all users and guests in your directory can invite guests even if they're not assigned to an admin role. External collaboration settings let you turn guest invitations on or off for different types of users in your organization. You can also delegate invitations to individual users by assigning roles that allow them to invite guests.

Azure AD allows you to restrict what external guest users can see in your Azure AD directory. By default, guest users are set to a limited permission level that blocks them from enumerating users, groups, or other directory resources, but lets them see membership of non-hidden groups. A new preview setting lets you restrict guest access even further, so that guests can only view their own profile information. For details, see Restrict guest access permissions (preview).

Configure B2B external collaboration settings

With Azure AD B2B collaboration, a tenant admin can set the following invitation policies:

  • Turn off invitations
  • Only admins and users in the Guest Inviter role can invite
  • Admins, the Guest Inviter role, and members can invite
  • All users, including guests, can invite

By default, all users, including guests, can invite guest users.

To configure external collaboration settings:

  1. Sign in to the Azure portal as a tenant administrator.

  2. Select Azure Active Directory.

  3. Select External Identities > External collaboration settings.

  4. Under Guest user access restrictions (Preview), choose the level of access you want guest users to have:

    • Guest users have the same access as members (most inclusive): This option gives guests the same access to Azure AD resources and directory data as member users.

    • Guest users have limited access to properties and memberships of directory objects: (Default) This setting blocks guests from certain directory tasks, like enumerating users, groups, or other directory resources. Guests can see membership of all non-hidden groups.

    • Guest user access is restricted to properties and memberships of their own directory objects (most restrictive): With this setting, guests can access only their own profiles. Guests are not allowed to see other users' profiles, groups, or group memberships.

    Guest user access restrictions settings

  5. Under Guest invite settings, choose the appropriate settings:

    • Admins and users in the guest inviter role can invite: To allow admins and users in the "Guest Inviter" role to invite guests, set this policy to Yes.

    • Members can invite: To allow non-admin members of your directory to invite guests, set this policy to Yes.

    • Guests can invite: To allow guests to invite other guests, set this policy to Yes.

    • Enable Email One-Time Passcode for guests (Preview): For more information about the one-time passcode feature, see Email one-time passcode authentication (Preview).

    • Enable guest self-service sign up via user flows (Preview): For more information about this setting, see Add a self-service sign-up user flow to an app (Preview).

    Note

    If Members can invite is set to No and Admins and users in the guest inviter role can invite is set to Yes, users in the Guest Inviter role will still be able to invite guests.

    Guest invite settings

  6. Under Collaboration restrictions, choose whether to allow or deny invitations to the domains you specify. For more information, see Allow or block invitations to B2B users from specific organizations.

Assign the Guest Inviter role to a user

With the Guest Inviter role, you can give individual users the ability to invite guests without assigning them a global administrator or other admin role. Assign the Guest inviter role to individuals. Then make sure you set Admins and users in the guest inviter role can invite to Yes.

Here's an example that shows how to use PowerShell to add a user to the Guest Inviter role:

Add-MsolRoleMember -RoleObjectId 95e79109-95c0-4d8e-aee3-d01accf2d47b -RoleMemberEmailAddress <RoleMemberEmailAddress>

Next steps

See the following articles on Azure AD B2B collaboration: