What is Azure AD Identity Governance?

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Identity Governance allows you to balance your organization's need for security and employee productivity with the right processes and visibility. It provides you with capabilities to ensure that the right users have the right access to the right resources, and it allows you to protect, monitor, and audit access to critical assets -- while ensuring employee productivity.

Identity Governance give organizations the ability to do the following tasks across employees, business partners and vendors, and services and applications:

  • Govern the identity lifecycle
  • Govern access lifecycle
  • Secure administration

Specifically, it is intended to help organizations address these four key questions:

  • Which users should have access to which resources?
  • What are those users doing with that access?
  • Are there effective organizational controls for managing access?
  • Can auditors verify that the controls are working?

Identity lifecycle

Identity Governance helps organizations achieve a balance between productivity - How quickly can a person have access to the resources they need, such as when they join my organization? And security - How should their access change over time, such as due to changes to that person's employment status? Identity lifecycle management is the foundation for Identity Governance, and effective governance at scale requires modernizing the identity lifecycle management infrastructure for applications.

Identity lifecycle

For many organizations, identity lifecycle for employees is tied to the representation of that user in an HCM (human capital management) system. Azure AD Premium automatically maintains user identities for people represented in Workday in both Active Directory and Azure Active Directory, as described in the Workday inbound provisioning (preview) tutorial. Azure AD Premium also includes Microsoft Identity Manager, which can import records from on-premises HCM systems such as SAP, Oracle eBusiness, and Oracle PeopleSoft.

Increasingly, scenarios require collaboration with people outside your organization. Azure AD B2B collaboration enables you to securely share your organization's applications and services with guest users and external partners from any organization, while maintaining control over your own corporate data.

Access lifecycle

Organizations need a process to manage access beyond what was initially provisioned for a user when that user's identity was created. Furthermore, enterprise organizations need to be able to scale efficiently to be able to develop and enforce access policy and controls on an ongoing basis.

Access lifecycle

Typically, IT delegates access approval decisions to business decision makers. Furthermore, IT can involve the users themselves. For example, users that access confidential customer data in a company's marketing application in Europe need to know the company's policies. Guest users may be unaware of the handling requirements for data in an organization to which they have been invited.

Organizations can automate the access lifecycle process through technologies such as dynamic groups, coupled with user provisioning to SaaS apps or apps integrated with SCIM. Organizations can also control which guest users have access to on-premises applications. These access rights can then be regularly reviewed using recurring Azure AD access reviews.

When a user attempts to access applications, Azure AD enforces Conditional Access policies. For example, Conditional Access policies can include displaying a terms of use and ensuring the user has agreed to those terms prior to being able to access an application.

Privileged access lifecycle

Historically, privileged access has been described by other vendors as a separate capability from Identity Governance. However, at Microsoft, we think governing privileged access is a key part of Identity Governance -- especially given the potential for misuse associated with those administrator rights can cause to an organization. The employees, vendors, and contractors that take on administrative rights need to be governed.

Privileged access lifecycle

Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) provides additional controls tailored to securing access rights for resources, across Azure AD, Azure, and other Microsoft Online Services. The just-in-time access, and role change alerting capabilities provided by Azure AD PIM, in addition to multi-factor authentication and Conditional Access, provide a comprehensive set of governance controls to help secure your company's resources (directory, Office 365, and Azure resource roles). As with other forms of access, organizations can use access reviews to configure recurring access recertification for all users in administrator roles.

Least privileged roles

It's a best practice to use the least privileged role to perform administrative tasks in Identity Governance. We recommend that you use Azure AD PIM to activate a role as needed to perform these tasks. The following are the least privileged directory roles to configure Identity Governance features:

Feature Least privileged role
Entitlement management User administrator (with the exception of adding SharePoint Online sites to catalogs, which requires Global administrator)
Terms of use Security administrator or Conditional access administrator
Access reviews User administrator (with the exception of access reviews of Azure or Azure AD roles, which requires Privileged role administrator)
Privileged Identity Management Privileged role administrator

Getting started

While there is no perfect solution or recommendation for every customer, the following configurations provide a guide to what baseline policies Microsoft recommends you follow to ensure a more secure and productive workforce.

You can also check out the Getting started tab of Identity Governance in the Azure portal to start using entitlement management, access reviews, Privileged Identity Management, and Terms of use.

Identity Governance getting started

If you have any feedback about Identity Governance features, click Got feedback? in the Azure portal to submit your feedback. The team regularly reviews your feedback.

Next steps