Tutorial: Azure Active Directory integration with SAP Cloud Platform
In this tutorial, you learn how to integrate SAP Cloud Platform with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).
Integrating SAP Cloud Platform with Azure AD provides you with the following benefits:
- You can control in Azure AD who has access to SAP Cloud Platform.
- You can enable your users to automatically get signed-on to SAP Cloud Platform (Single Sign-On) with their Azure AD accounts.
- You can manage your accounts in one central location - the Azure portal.
If you want to know more details about SaaS app integration with Azure AD, see what is application access and single sign-on with Azure Active Directory.
To configure Azure AD integration with SAP Cloud Platform, you need the following items:
- An Azure AD subscription
- A SAP Cloud Platform single sign-on enabled subscription
After completing this tutorial, the Azure AD users you have assigned to SAP Cloud Platform will be able to single sign into the application using the Introduction to the Access Panel.
You need to deploy your own application or subscribe to an application on your SAP Cloud Platform account to test single sign on. In this tutorial, an application is deployed in the account.
To test the steps in this tutorial, you should follow these recommendations:
- Do not use your production environment, unless it is necessary.
- If you don't have an Azure AD trial environment, you can get a one-month trial.
In this tutorial, you test Azure AD single sign-on in a test environment. The scenario outlined in this tutorial consists of two main building blocks:
- Adding SAP Cloud Platform from the gallery
- Configuring and testing Azure AD single sign-on
Adding SAP Cloud Platform from the gallery
To configure the integration of SAP Cloud Platform into Azure AD, you need to add SAP Cloud Platform from the gallery to your list of managed SaaS apps.
To add SAP Cloud Platform from the gallery, perform the following steps:
In the Azure portal, on the left navigation panel, click Azure Active Directory icon.
Navigate to Enterprise applications. Then go to All applications.
To add new application, click New application button on the top of dialog.
In the search box, type SAP Cloud Platform, select SAP Cloud Platform from result panel then click Add button to add the application.
Configure and test Azure AD single sign-on
In this section, you configure and test Azure AD single sign-on with SAP Cloud Platform based on a test user called "Britta Simon".
For single sign-on to work, Azure AD needs to know what the counterpart user in SAP Cloud Platform is to a user in Azure AD. In other words, a link relationship between an Azure AD user and the related user in SAP Cloud Platform needs to be established.
In SAP Cloud Platform, assign the value of the user name in Azure AD as the value of the Username to establish the link relationship.
To configure and test Azure AD single sign-on with SAP Cloud Platform, you need to complete the following building blocks:
- Configure Azure AD Single Sign-On - to enable your users to use this feature.
- Create an Azure AD test user - to test Azure AD single sign-on with Britta Simon.
- Create a SAP Cloud Platform test user - to have a counterpart of Britta Simon in SAP Cloud Platform that is linked to the Azure AD representation of user.
- Assign the Azure AD test user - to enable Britta Simon to use Azure AD single sign-on.
- Test single sign-on - to verify whether the configuration works.
Configure Azure AD single sign-on
In this section, you enable Azure AD single sign-on in the Azure portal and configure single sign-on in your SAP Cloud Platform application.
To configure Azure AD single sign-on with SAP Cloud Platform, perform the following steps:
In the Azure portal, on the SAP Cloud Platform application integration page, click Single sign-on.
On the Single sign-on dialog, select Mode as SAML-based Sign-on to enable single sign-on.
On the SAP Cloud Platform Domain and URLs section, perform the following steps:
a. In the Sign On URL textbox, type the URL used by your users to sign into your SAP Cloud Platform application. This is the account-specific URL of a protected resource in your SAP Cloud Platform application. The URL is based on the following pattern:
This is the URL in your SAP Cloud Platform application that requires the user to authenticate.
b. In the Identifier textbox you will provide your SAP Cloud Platform's type a URL using one of the following patterns:
c. In the Reply URL textbox, type a URL using the following pattern:
These values are not real. Update these values with the actual Sign-On URL, Identifier, and Reply URL. Contact SAP Cloud Platform Client support team to get Sign-On URL and Identifier. Reply URL you can get from trust management section which is explained later in the tutorial.
On the SAML Signing Certificate section, click Metadata XML and then save the metadata file on your computer.
Click Save button.
In a different web browser window, sign on to the SAP Cloud Platform Cockpit at
https://account.<landscape host>.ondemand.com/cockpit(for example: https://account.hanatrial.ondemand.com/cockpit).
Click the Trust tab.
In the Trust Management section, under Local Service Provider, perform the following steps:
a. Click Edit.
b. As Configuration Type, select Custom.
c. As Local Provider Name, leave the default value. Copy this value and paste it into the Identifier field in the Azure AD configuration for SAP Cloud Platform.
d. To generate a Signing Key and a Signing Certificate key pair, click Generate Key Pair.
e. As Principal Propagation, select Disabled.
f. As Force Authentication, select Disabled.
g. Click Save.
After saving the Local Service Provider settings, perform the following to obtain the Reply URL:
a. Download the SAP Cloud Platform metadata file by clicking Get Metadata.
b. Open the downloaded SAP Cloud Platform metadata XML file, and then locate the ns3:AssertionConsumerService tag.
c. Copy the value of the Location attribute, and then paste it into the Reply URL field in the Azure AD configuration for SAP Cloud Platform.
Click the Trusted Identity Provider tab, and then click Add Trusted Identity Provider.
To manage the list of trusted identity providers, you need to have chosen the Custom configuration type in the Local Service Provider section. For Default configuration type, you have a non-editable and implicit trust to the SAP ID Service. For None, you don't have any trust settings.
Click the General tab, and then click Browse to upload the downloaded metadata file.
After uploading the metadata file, the values for Single Sign-on URL, Single Logout URL, and Signing Certificate are populated automatically.
Click the Attributes tab.
On the Attributes tab, perform the following step:
a. Click Add Assertion-Based Attribute, and then add the following assertion-based attributes:
Assertion Attribute Principal Attribute
The configuration of the Attributes depends on how the application(s) on SCP are developed, that is, which attribute(s) they expect in the SAML response and under which name (Principal Attribute) they access this attribute in the code.
b. The Default Attribute in the screenshot is just for illustration purposes. It is not required to make the scenario work.
c. The names and values for Principal Attribute shown in the screenshot depend on how the application is developed. It is possible that your application requires different mappings.
As an optional step, you can configure assertion-based groups for your Azure Active Directory Identity Provider.
Using groups on SAP Cloud Platform allows you to dynamically assign one or more users to one or more roles in your SAP Cloud Platform applications, determined by values of attributes in the SAML 2.0 assertion.
For example, if the assertion contains the attribute "contract=temporary", you may want all affected users to be added to the group "TEMPORARY". The group "TEMPORARY" may contain one or more roles from one or more applications deployed in your SAP Cloud Platform account.
Use assertion-based groups when you want to simultaneously assign many users to one or more roles of applications in your SAP Cloud Platform account. If you want to assign only a single or small number of users to specific roles, we recommend assigning them directly in the “Authorizations” tab of the SAP Cloud Platform cockpit.
You can now read a concise version of these instructions inside the Azure portal, while you are setting up the app! After adding this app from the Active Directory > Enterprise Applications section, simply click the Single Sign-On tab and access the embedded documentation through the Configuration section at the bottom. You can read more about the embedded documentation feature here: Azure AD embedded documentation
Create an Azure AD test user
The objective of this section is to create a test user in the Azure portal called Britta Simon.
To create a test user in Azure AD, perform the following steps:
In the Azure portal, in the left pane, click the Azure Active Directory button.
To display the list of users, go to Users and groups, and then click All users.
To open the User dialog box, click Add at the top of the All Users dialog box.
In the User dialog box, perform the following steps:
a. In the Name box, type BrittaSimon.
b. In the User name box, type the email address of user Britta Simon.
c. Select the Show Password check box, and then write down the value that's displayed in the Password box.
d. Click Create.
Create a SAP Cloud Platform test user
In order to enable Azure AD users to log in to SAP Cloud Platform, you must assign roles in the SAP Cloud Platform to them.
To assign a role to a user, perform the following steps:
Log in to your SAP Cloud Platform cockpit.
Perform the following:
a. Click Authorization.
b. Click the Users tab.
c. In the User textbox, type the user’s email address.
d. Click Assign to assign the user to a role.
e. Click Save.
Assign the Azure AD test user
In this section, you enable Britta Simon to use Azure single sign-on by granting access to SAP Cloud Platform.
To assign Britta Simon to SAP Cloud Platform, perform the following steps:
In the Azure portal, open the applications view, and then navigate to the directory view and go to Enterprise applications then click All applications.
In the applications list, select SAP Cloud Platform.
In the menu on the left, click Users and groups.
Click Add button. Then select Users and groups on Add Assignment dialog.
On Users and groups dialog, select Britta Simon in the Users list.
Click Select button on Users and groups dialog.
Click Assign button on Add Assignment dialog.
Test single sign-on
The objective of this section is to test your Azure AD single sign-on configuration using the Access Panel.
When you click the SAP Cloud Platform tile in the Access Panel, you should get automatically signed-on to your SAP Cloud Platform application.