Supported Kubernetes versions in Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)
The Kubernetes community releases minor versions roughly every three months. These releases include new features and improvements. Patch releases are more frequent (sometimes weekly) and are only intended for critical bug fixes in a minor version. These patch releases include fixes for security vulnerabilities or major bugs impacting a large number of customers and products running in production based on Kubernetes.
AKS aims to certify and release new Kubernetes versions within 30 days of an upstream release, subject to the stability of the release.
Kubernetes uses the standard Semantic Versioning versioning scheme. This means that each version of Kubernetes follows this numbering scheme:
[major].[minor].[patch] Example: 1.12.14 1.12.15
Each number in the version indicates general compatibility with the previous version:
- Major versions change when incompatible API changes or backwards compatibility may be broken.
- Minor versions change when functionality changes are made that are backwards compatible to the other minor releases.
- Patch versions change when backwards-compatible bug fixes are made.
In general, users should endeavor to run the latest patch release of the minor version they are running, for example if your production cluster is on 1.12.14 and 1.12.15 is the latest available patch version available for the 1.12 series, you should upgrade to 1.12.15 as soon as you are able to ensure your cluster is fully patched and supported.
Kubernetes version support policy
Starting December 9th, 2019 AKS will move to supporting latest (N) - 2 versions of Kubernetes. This change is to conform to the upstream window of support for Kubernetes versions and ensure the latest and most secure versions are being used. To learn more read the announcement here.
AKS supports four minor versions of Kubernetes:
- The current minor version that is released in AKS (N)
- Three previous minor versions. Each supported minor version also supports two stable patches.
This is known as "N-3" - (N (Latest release) - 3 (minor versions)).
For example, if AKS introduces 1.13.a today, support is provided for the following versions:
|New minor version||Supported Version List|
|1.13.a||1.12.a, 1.12.b, 1.11.a, 1.11.b, 1.10.a, 1.10.b|
Where ".a" and ".b" are representative patch versions."a" from 1.13.a can be different from 1.12.a. For example, 1.13.9 and 1.12.8.
For details on communications regarding version changes and expectations, see "Communications" below.
When a new minor version is introduced, the oldest minor version and patch releases supported are deprecated and removed. For example if the current supported version list is:
1.12.a 1.12.b 1.11.a 1.11.b 1.10.a 1.10.b 1.9.a 1.9.b
And AKS releases 1.13., this means that the 1.9. versions (all 1.9 versions) will be removed and out of support.
Please note, that if customers are running an unsupported Kubernetes version, they will be asked to upgrade when requesting support for the cluster. Clusters running unsupported Kubernetes releases are not covered by the AKS support policies.
In addition to the above on minor versions, AKS supports the two latest patch* releases of a given minor version. For example, given the following supported versions:
Current Supported Version List ------------------------------ 1.12.1, 1.12.2, 1.11.4, 1.11.5
If upstream Kubernetes released 1.12.3 and 1.11.6 and AKS releases those patch versions, the oldest patch versions are deprecated and removed, and the supported version list becomes:
New Supported Version List ---------------------- 1.12.*2*, 1.12.*3*, 1.11.*5*, 1.11.*6*
Customers should not pin cluster creation, CI or other automated jobs to specific patch releases.
- For new minor versions of Kubernetes
- All users are notified publicly of the new version and what version will be removed.
- When a new patch version is released, the oldest patch release is removed at the same time.
- Customers have 60 days from the public notification date to upgrade to a supported minor version release.
- For new patch versions of Kubernetes
- All users are notified of the new patch version being released and to upgrade to the latest patch release.
- Users have 30 days to upgrade to a newer, supported patch release. Users have 30 days to upgrade to a supported patch release before the oldest is removed.
AKS defines "released" as general availability, enabled in all SLO / Quality of Service measurements and available in all regions.
Customers are notified of Kubernetes version releases and deprecations, when a minor version is deprecated/removed users are given 60 days to upgrade to a supported release. In the case of patch releases, customers are given 30 days to upgrade to a supported release.
Notification channels for AKS changes
AKS releases a weekly service update which summarizes new Kubernetes versions, service changes, and component updates that have been released on the service on github.
These changes are rolled to all customers as part of regular maintenance that is offered as part of the managed service, some require explicit upgrades while others require no action.
Notifications are also sent via:
AKS reserves the right to add or remove new/existing versions that have been identified to have one or more critical production impacting bugs or security issues without advance notice.
Specific patch releases may be skipped, or rollout accelerated depending on the severity of the bug or security issue.
Azure portal and CLI default versions
When you deploy an AKS cluster in the portal or with the Azure CLI, the cluster is always set to the N-1 minor version and latest patch. For example, if AKS supports 1.13.a, 1.12.a + 1.12.b, 1.11.a + 1.11.b, 1.10.a + 1.10b, the default version for new clusters is 1.12.b.
AKS defaults to N-1 (minor.latestPatch, eg 1.12.b) to provide customers a known, stable and patched version by default.
List currently supported versions
To find out what versions are currently available for your subscription and region, use the az aks get-versions command. The following example lists the available Kubernetes versions for the EastUS region:
az aks get-versions --location eastus --output table
The output is similar to the following example, which shows that Kubernetes version 1.14.6 is the most recent version available:
KubernetesVersion Upgrades ------------------- ------------------------ 1.14.6 None available 1.14.5 1.14.6 1.13.10 1.14.5, 1.14.6 1.13.9 1.13.10, 1.14.5, 1.14.6 1.12.8 1.13.9, 1.13.10 1.12.7 1.12.8, 1.13.9, 1.13.10 1.11.10 1.12.7, 1.12.8 1.11.9 1.11.10, 1.12.7, 1.12.8 1.10.13 1.11.9, 1.11.10 1.10.12 1.10.13, 1.11.9, 1.11.10
What happens when a customer upgrades a Kubernetes cluster with a minor version that is not supported?
If you are on the n-4 version, you are outside of support and will be asked to upgrade. If your upgrade from version n-4 to n-3 succeeds, you are now within our support policies. For example:
- If the supported AKS versions are 1.13.a, 1.12.b + 1.12.c, 1.11.d + 1.11.e, and 1.10.f + 1.10.g and you are on 1.9.h or 1.9.i, you are outside of support.
- If the upgrade from 1.9.h or 1.9.i to 1.10.f or 1.10.g succeeds, you are back in the within our support policies.
Upgrades to versions older than n-4 are not supported. In such cases, we recommend customers create new AKS clusters and redeploy their workloads.
What does 'Out of Support' mean
'Outside of Support' means that the version you are running is outside of the supported versions list, and you will be asked to upgrade the cluster to a supported version when requesting support. Additionally, AKS does not make any runtime or other guarantees for clusters outside of the supported versions list.
What happens when a customer scales a Kubernetes cluster with a minor version that is not supported?
For minor versions not supported by AKS, scaling in or out continues to work without any issues.
Can a customer stay on a Kubernetes version forever?
Yes. However, if the cluster is not on one of the versions supported by AKS, the cluster is out of the AKS support policies. Azure does not automatically upgrade your cluster or delete it.
What version does the master support if the agent cluster is not in one of the supported AKS versions?
The master is automatically updated to the latest supported version.
For information on how to upgrade your cluster, see Upgrade an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster.