Azure App Service plans in-depth overview

App Service plans represent the collection of physical resources used to host your apps.

App Service plans define:

  • Region (West US, East US, etc.)
  • Scale count (one, two, three instances, etc.)
  • Instance size (Small, Medium, Large)
  • SKU (Free, Shared, Basic, Standard, Premium)

Web Apps, Mobile Apps, API Apps, Function Apps (or Functions), in Azure App Service all run in an App Service plan. Apps in the same subscription, and region can share an App Service plan.

All applications assigned to an App Service plan share the resources defined by it. This sharing saves money when hosting multiple apps in a single App Service plan.

Your App Service plan can scale from Free and Shared SKUs to Basic, Standard, and Premium SKUs giving you access to more resources and features along the way.

If your App Service plan is set to Basic SKU or higher, then you can control the size and scale count of the VMs.

For example, if your plan is configured to use two "small" instances in the standard service tier, all apps that are associated with that plan run on both instances. Apps also have access to the standard service tier features. Plan instances on which apps are running are fully managed and highly available.

Important

The SKU and Scale of the App Service plan determines the cost and not the number of apps hosted in it.

This article explores the key characteristics, such as tier and scale, of an App Service plan and how they come into play while managing your apps.

Apps and App Service plans

An app in App Service can be associated with only one App Service plan at any given time.

Both apps and plans are contained in a resource group. A resource group serves as the lifecycle boundary for every resource that's within it. You can use resource groups to manage all the pieces of an application together.

Because a single resource group can have multiple App Service plans, you can allocate different apps to different physical resources.

For example, you can separate resources among dev, test, and production environments. Having separate environments for production and dev/test lets you isolate resources. In this way, load testing against a new version of your apps does not compete for the same resources as your production apps, which are serving real customers.

When you have multiple plans in a single resource group, you can also define an application that spans geographical regions.

For example, a highly available app running in two regions includes at least two plans, one for each region, and one app associated with each plan. In such a situation, all the copies of the app are then contained in a single resource group. Having a resource group with multiple plans and multiple apps makes it easy to manage, control, and view the health of the application.

Create an App Service plan or use existing one

When you create an app, you should consider creating a resource group. On the other hand, if this app is a component for a larger application, create it within the resource group that's allocated for that larger application.

Whether the app is an altogether new application or part of a larger one, you can choose to use an existing plan to host it or create a new one. This decision is more a question of capacity and expected load.

We recommend isolating your app into a new App Service plan when:

  • App is resource-intensive.
  • App has different scaling factors from the other apps hosted in an existing plan.
  • App needs resource in a different geographical region.

This way you can allocate a new set of resources for your app and gain greater control of your apps.

Create an App Service plan

Tip

If you have an App Service Environment, you can review the documentation specific to App Service Environments here: Create an App Service plan in an App Service Environment

You can create an empty App Service plan from the App Service plan browse experience or as part of app creation.

In the Azure portal, click New > Web + mobile, and then select Web App or other App Service app kind.

Create an app in the Azure portal.

You can then select or create the App Service plan for the new app.

Create an App Service plan.

To create an App Service plan, click [+] Create New, type the App Service plan name, and then select an appropriate Location. Click Pricing tier, and then select an appropriate pricing tier for the service. Select View all to view more pricing options, such as Free and Shared. After you have selected the pricing tier, click the Select button.

Move an app to a different App Service plan

You can move an app to a different App Service plan in the Azure portal. You can move apps between plans as long as the plans are in the same resource group and geographical region.

To move an app to another plan:

  • Navigate to the app that you want to move.
  • In the Menu, look for the App Service Plan section.
  • Select Change App Service plan to start the process.

Change App Service plan opens the App Service plan selector. At this point, you can pick an existing plan to move this app into.

Important

The select App Service plan UI is filtered by the following criteria:

  • Exists within the same Resource Group
  • Exists in the same Geographical Region
  • Exists within the same Webspace

A Webspace is a logical construct within App Service which defines a grouping of server resources. A Geographical region (such as West US) contains many Webspaces in order to allocate customers using App Service. Currently, App Service resources aren’t able to be moved between Webspaces.

App Service plan selector.

Each plan has its own pricing tier. For example, moving a site from a Free tier to a Standard tier, enables all apps assigned to it to use the features and resources of the Standard tier.

Clone an app to a different App Service plan

If you want to move the app to a different region, one alternative is app cloning. Cloning makes a copy of your app in a new or existing App Service plan in any region.

You can find Clone App in the Development Tools section of the menu.

Important

Cloning has some limitations that you can read about at Azure App Service App cloning.

Scale an App Service plan

There are three ways to scale a plan:

  • Change the plan’s pricing tier. A plan in the Basic tier can be converted to Standard, and all apps assigned to it to use the features of the Standard tier.
  • Change the plan’s instance size. As an example, a plan in the Basic tier that uses small instances can be changed to use large instances. All apps that are associated with that plan now can use the additional memory and CPU resources that the larger instance size offers.
  • Change the plan’s instance count. For example, a Standard plan that's scaled out to three instances can be scaled to 10 instances. A Premium plan can be scaled out to 20 instances (subject to availability). All apps that are associated with that plan now can use the additional memory and CPU resources that the larger instance count offers.

You can change the pricing tier and instance size by clicking the Scale Up item under settings for either the app or the App Service plan. Changes apply to the App Service plan and affect all apps that it hosts.

Set values to scale up an app.

App Service plan cleanup

Important

App Service plans that have no apps associated to them still incur charges since they continue to reserve the compute capacity.

To avoid unexpected charges, when the last app hosted in an App Service plan is deleted, the resulting empty App Service plan is also deleted.

Summary

App Service plans represent a set of features and capacity that you can share across your apps. App Service plans give you the flexibility to allocate specific apps to a set of resources and further optimize your Azure resource utilization. This way, if you want to save money on your testing environment, you can share a plan across multiple apps. You can also maximize throughput for your production environment by scaling it across multiple regions and plans.

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