Connect an App Service app to a SQL database using CLI

This sample script creates an Azure SQL database and an App Service app. It then links the SQL database to the app using app settings.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Use Azure Cloud Shell

Azure hosts Azure Cloud Shell, an interactive shell environment that you can use through your browser. Cloud Shell lets you use either bash or PowerShell to work with Azure services. You can use the Cloud Shell pre-installed commands to run the code in this article without having to install anything on your local environment.

To launch Azure Cloud Shell:

Option Example/Link
Select Try It in the upper-right corner of a code block. Selecting Try It doesn't automatically copy the code to Cloud Shell. Example of Try It for Azure Cloud Shell
Go to https://shell.azure.com or select the Launch Cloud Shell button to open Cloud Shell in your browser. Launch Cloud Shell in a new window
Select the Cloud Shell button on the top-right menu bar in the Azure portal. Cloud Shell button in the Azure portal

To run the code in this article in Azure Cloud Shell:

  1. Open Cloud Shell.
  2. Select the Copy button on a code block to copy the code.
  3. Paste the code into the Cloud Shell session with Ctrl+Shift+V on Windows and Linux, or Cmd+Shift+V on macOS.
  4. Press Enter to run the code.

If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, you need Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. To find the version, run az --version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

Sample script

#/bin/bash

# Variables
appName="webappwithSQL$RANDOM"
serverName="webappwithsql$RANDOM"
location="WestUS"
startip="0.0.0.0"
endip="0.0.0.0"
username="<replace-with-username>"
sqlServerPassword="<replace-with-password>"

# Create a resource group 
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location $location

# Create an App Service plan
az appservice plan create --name myAppServicePlan --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--location $location

# Create a web app
az webapp create --name $appName --plan myAppServicePlan --resource-group myResourceGroup

# Create a SQL Database server
az sql server create --name $serverName --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--location $location --admin-user $username --admin-password $sqlServerPassword

# Configure firewall for Azure access
az sql server firewall-rule create --server $serverName --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--name AllowYourIp --start-ip-address $startip --end-ip-address $endip

# Create a database called 'MySampleDatabase' on server
az sql db create --server $serverName --resource-group myResourceGroup --name MySampleDatabase \
--service-objective S0

# Get connection string for the database
connstring=$(az sql db show-connection-string --name MySampleDatabase --server $serverName \
--client ado.net --output tsv)

# Add credentials to connection string
connstring=${connstring//<username>/$username}
connstring=${connstring//<password>/$sqlServerPassword}

# Assign the connection string to an app setting in the web app
az webapp config appsettings set --name $appName --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--settings "SQLSRV_CONNSTR=$connstring" 

Clean up deployment

After the sample script has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands to create a resource group, App Service app, SQL Database, and all related resources. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
az group create Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az appservice plan create Creates an App Service plan.
az webapp create Creates an App Service app.
az sql server create Creates a SQL Database Server.
az sql db create Creates a new database with the SQL Database Server.
az sql db show-connection-string Generates a connection string to a database.
az webapp config appsettings set Creates or updates an app setting for an App Service app. App settings are exposed as environment variables for your app.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

Additional App Service CLI script samples can be found in the Azure App Service documentation.