Connect an on-premises network to Azure
This article compares options for connecting an on-premises network to an Azure Virtual Network (VNet). For each option, a more detailed reference architecture is available.
A VPN gateway is a type of virtual network gateway that sends encrypted traffic between an Azure virtual network and an on-premises location. The encrypted traffic goes over the public Internet.
This architecture is suitable for hybrid applications where the traffic between on-premises hardware and the cloud is likely to be light, or you are willing to trade slightly extended latency for the flexibility and processing power of the cloud.
- Simple to configure.
- Requires an on-premises VPN device.
- Although Microsoft guarantees 99.9% availability for each VPN Gateway, this SLA only covers the VPN gateway, and not your network connection to the gateway.
- A VPN connection over Azure VPN Gateway currently supports a maximum of 200 Mbps bandwidth. You may need to partition your Azure virtual network across multiple VPN connections if you expect to exceed this throughput.
Azure ExpressRoute connection
ExpressRoute connections use a private, dedicated connection through a third-party connectivity provider. The private connection extends your on-premises network into Azure.
This architecture is suitable for hybrid applications running large-scale, mission-critical workloads that require a high degree of scalability.
- Much higher bandwidth available; up to 10 Gbps depending on the connectivity provider.
- Supports dynamic scaling of bandwidth to help reduce costs during periods of lower demand. However, not all connectivity providers have this option.
- May allow your organization direct access to national clouds, depending on the connectivity provider.
- 99.9% availability SLA across the entire connection.
- Can be complex to set up. Creating an ExpressRoute connection requires working with a third-party connectivity provider. The provider is responsible for provisioning the network connection.
- Requires high-bandwidth routers on-premises.
ExpressRoute with VPN failover
This options combines the previous two, using ExpressRoute in normal conditions, but failing over to a VPN connection if there is a loss of connectivity in the ExpressRoute circuit.
This architecture is suitable for hybrid applications that need the higher bandwidth of ExpressRoute, and also require highly available network connectivity.
- High availability if the ExpressRoute circuit fails, although the fallback connection is on a lower bandwidth network.
- Complex to configure. You need to set up both a VPN connection and an ExpressRoute circuit.
- Requires redundant hardware (VPN appliances), and a redundant Azure VPN Gateway connection for which you pay charges.
Hub-spoke network topology
A hub-spoke network topology is a way to isolate workloads while sharing services such as identity and security. The hub is a virtual network (VNet) in Azure that acts as a central point of connectivity to your on-premises network. The spokes are VNets that peer with the hub. Shared services are deployed in the hub, while individual workloads are deployed as spokes.