Az module support in Azure Automation
Azure automation supports the ability to use the Azure Powershell Az module in your runbooks. The Az module is not imported automatically in any new or existing Automation Accounts. This article discusses how to use Az modules with Azure Automation.
There are many things to take into consideration when using the Az module in Azure Automation. Runbooks and modules can be used by higher-level solutions in your Automation Account. Editing runbooks or upgrading modules can potentially cause issues with your runbooks. You should test all runbooks and solutions carefully in a separate Automation Account before importing the new
Az modules. Any modifications to modules can negatively affect higher-level solutions, such as Update Management and Start/Stop VMs during off hours. It's recommended to not alter modules and runbooks in Automation Accounts that contain any solutions. This behavior isn't specific to the Az modules. This behavior should be taken into consideration when introducing any changes to your Automation Account.
Az module in your Automation Account doesn't automatically import the module in the PowerShell session that the runbooks use. Modules are imported into the PowerShell session in the following situations:
- When a cmdlet from a module is invoked from a runbook
- When a runbook imports it explicitly with the
- When another module depending on the module is imported into a PowerShell session
It is important to make sure that runbooks in an Automation Account either only import
AzureRM modules into the PowerShell sessions used by runbooks and not both. If
Az is imported before
AzureRM in a runbook, the runbook will complete, but an error referencing the get_SerializationSettings method will show in the job streams and cmdlets may have not been properly executed. If you import
AzureRM and then
Az your runbook will still complete, but you will see an error in the job streams stating that both
AzureRM cannot be imported in the same session or used in the same runbook.
Migrating to Az modules
It's recommended you test the migration to using Az modules instead of AzureRM modules in a test Automation Account. Once that Automation Account has been created, you can use the following steps to ensure your migration goes smoothly:
Stop and unschedule all runbook that uses AzureRM modules
To ensure that you do not run any existing runbooks that use
AzureRM cmdlets, you should stop and unschedule all runbooks that use
AzureRM modules. You can see what schedules exist and which schedules must be removed by running the following example:
Get-AzureRmAutomationSchedule -AutomationAccountName "<AutomationAccountName>" -ResourceGroupName "<ResourceGroupName>" | Remove-AzureRmAutomationSchedule -WhatIf
It's important to review each schedule separately to ensure you can reschedule it in the future for your runbooks if necessary.
Import the Az modules
Only import the Az modules that are required for your runbooks. Don't import the rollup
Az module, as it includes all of the
Az.* modules to be imported. This guidance is the same for all modules.
The Az.Accounts module is a dependency for the other
Az.* modules. For this reason, this module needs to be imported into your Automation Account before you import any other modules.
From your Automation Account, select Modules under Shared Resources. Click Browse Gallery to open the Browse Gallery page. In the search bar, enter the module name (such as
Az.Accounts). On the PowerShell Module page, click Import to import the module into your Automation Account.
This import process can also be done through the PowerShell Gallery by searching for the module. Once you find the module, select it and under the Azure Automation tab, click Deploy to Azure Automation.
Test your runbooks
Az modules are imported in your Automation Account, you can now start editing your runbooks to use the Az module instead. The majority of the cmdlets have the same name except for
AzureRM has been changed to
Az. For a list of modules that do not follow this process, see list of exceptions.
One way to test your runbooks before modifying your runbook to use the new cmdlets is by using
Enable-AzureRMAlias -Scope Process at the beginning of a runbook. By adding this to your runbook, your runbook can run without changes.
After migration details
After the migration is complete, don’t start runbooks using
AzureRM modules on the account any longer. It's also recommended don’t import or update
AzureRM modules on this account. Starting from this moment, consider this account migrated to
Az, and operate with
Az modules only. When a new Automation Account is created the existing
AzureRM modules will still be installed and the tutorial runbooks will still be authored with
AzureRM cmdlets. These runbooks should not be run.
To learn more about using Az modules, see Getting started with Az module.