Use source control integration

Source control integration in Azure Automation supports single-direction synchronization from your source control repository. Source control allows you to keep your runbooks in your Automation account up to date with scripts in your GitHub or Azure DevOps source control repository. This feature makes it easy to promote code that has been tested in your development environment to your production Automation account.

Source control integration lets you easily collaborate with your team, track changes, and roll back to earlier versions of your runbooks. For example, source control allows you to synchronize different branches in source control with your development, test, and production Automation accounts.

Note

Source control synchronization jobs are run under the user's Automation account and are billed at the same rate as other Automation jobs. Additionally, Azure Automation Jobs do not support MFA (Multi-Factor Authentication).

Source control types

Azure Automation supports three types of source control:

  • GitHub
  • Azure DevOps (Git)
  • Azure DevOps (TFVC)

Prerequisites

Note

Azure Automation supports both the system-assigned as well as user-assigned managed identity with source control integration. For using a user-assigned managed identity, create an automation variable AUTOMATION_SC_USER_ASSIGNED_IDENTITY_ID with the value as Client ID of the user-assigned identity. The user-assigned Managed Identity should be enabled and have contributor access to the automation account. If this variable is not created, by default, we use the system-assigned identity.

Screenshot that displays the user-assigned Managed Identity.

If you have both a Run As account and managed identity enabled, then managed identity is given preference. If you want to use a Run As account instead, you can create an Automation variable of BOOLEAN type named AUTOMATION_SC_USE_RUNAS with a value of true.

Configure source control

This section tells how to configure source control for your Automation account. You can use either the Azure portal or PowerShell.

Assign managed identity to Contributor role

This example uses Azure PowerShell to show how to assign the Contributor role in the subscription to the Azure Automation account resource.

  1. Open a PowerShell console with elevated privileges.

  2. Sign in to Azure by running the command Connect-AzAccount.

  3. To assign the managed identity to the Contributor role, run the following command.

    New-AzRoleAssignment `
        -ObjectId <automation-Identity-object-id> `
        -Scope "/subscriptions/{subscriptionId}/resourceGroups/{resourceGroupName}/providers/Microsoft.Automation/automationAccounts/{automationAccountName}" `
        -RoleDefinitionName "Contributor"
    

Configure source control in Azure portal

Use this procedure to configure source control using the Azure portal.

  1. In your Automation account, select Source Control and click Add.

    Select source control

  2. Choose Source Control type, then click Authenticate.

  3. A browser window opens and prompts you to sign in. Follow the prompts to complete authentication.

  4. On the Source Control Summary page, use the fields to fill in the source control properties defined below. Click Save when finished.

    Property Description
    Source control name A friendly name for the source control. This name must contain only letters and numbers.
    Source control type Type of source control mechanism. Available options are:
    * GitHub
    * Azure DevOps (Git)
    * Azure DevOps (TFVC)
    Repository Name of the repository or project. The first 200 repositories are retrieved. To search for a repository, type the name in the field and click Search on GitHub.
    Branch Branch from which to pull the source files. Branch targeting isn't available for the TFVC source control type.
    Folder path Folder that contains the runbooks to synchronize, for example, /Runbooks. Only runbooks in the specified folder are synchronized. Recursion isn't supported.
    Auto Sync1 Setting that turns on or off automatic synchronization when a commit is made in the source control repository.
    Publish Runbook Setting of On if runbooks are automatically published after synchronization from source control, and Off otherwise.
    Description Text specifying additional details about the source control.

    1 To enable Auto Sync when configuring source control integration with Azure DevOps, you must be a Project Administrator.

    Screenshot that describes the Source control summary.

Note

The login for your source control repository might be different from your login for the Azure portal. Ensure that you are logged in with the correct account for your source control repository when configuring source control. If there is a doubt, open a new tab in your browser, log out from dev.azure.com, visualstudio.com, or github.com, and try reconnecting to source control.

Configure source control in PowerShell

You can also use PowerShell to configure source control in Azure Automation. To use the PowerShell cmdlets for this operation, you need a personal access token (PAT). Use the New-AzAutomationSourceControl cmdlet to create the source control connection. This cmdlet requires a secure string for the PAT. To learn how to create a secure string, see ConvertTo-SecureString.

The following subsections illustrate PowerShell creation of the source control connection for GitHub, Azure DevOps (Git), and Azure DevOps (TFVC).

Create source control connection for GitHub

New-AzAutomationSourceControl -Name SCGitHub -RepoUrl https://github.com/<accountname>/<reponame>.git -SourceType GitHub -FolderPath "/MyRunbooks" -Branch master -AccessToken <secureStringofPAT> -ResourceGroupName <ResourceGroupName> -AutomationAccountName <AutomationAccountName>

Create source control connection for Azure DevOps (Git)

Note

Azure DevOps (Git) uses a URL that accesses dev.azure.com instead of visualstudio.com, used in earlier formats. The older URL format https://<accountname>.visualstudio.com/<projectname>/_git/<repositoryname> is deprecated but still supported. The new format is preferred.

New-AzAutomationSourceControl -Name SCReposGit -RepoUrl https://dev.azure.com/<accountname>/<adoprojectname>/_git/<repositoryname> -SourceType VsoGit -AccessToken <secureStringofPAT> -Branch master -ResourceGroupName <ResourceGroupName> -AutomationAccountName <AutomationAccountName> -FolderPath "/Runbooks"

Create source control connection for Azure DevOps (TFVC)

Note

Azure DevOps (TFVC) uses a URL that accesses dev.azure.com instead of visualstudio.com, used in earlier formats. The older URL format https://<accountname>.visualstudio.com/<projectname>/_versionControl is deprecated but still supported. The new format is preferred.

New-AzAutomationSourceControl -Name SCReposTFVC -RepoUrl https://dev.azure.com/<accountname>/<adoprojectname>/_git/<repositoryname> -SourceType VsoTfvc -AccessToken <secureStringofPAT> -ResourceGroupName <ResourceGroupName> -AutomationAccountName <AutomationAccountName> -FolderPath "/Runbooks"

Personal access token (PAT) permissions

Source control requires some minimum permissions for PATs. The following subsections contain the minimum permissions required for GitHub and Azure DevOps.

Minimum PAT permissions for GitHub

The following table defines the minimum PAT permissions required for GitHub. For more information about creating a PAT in GitHub, see Creating a personal access token for the command line.

Scope Description
repo
repo:status Access commit status
repo_deployment Access deployment status
public_repo Access public repositories
repo:invite Access repository invitations
security_events Read and write security events
admin:repo_hook
write:repo_hook Write repository hooks
read:repo_hook Read repository hooks
Minimum PAT permissions for Azure DevOps

The following list defines the minimum PAT permissions required for Azure DevOps. For more information about creating a PAT in Azure DevOps, see Authenticate access with personal access tokens.

Scope Access Type
Code Read
Project and team Read
Identity Read
User profile Read
Work items Read
Service connections Read, query, manage1

1 The Service connections permission is only required if you have enabled autosync.

Synchronize with source control

Follow these steps to synchronize with source control.

  1. Select the source from the table on the Source control page.

  2. Click Start Sync to start the sync process.

  3. View the status of the current sync job or previous ones by clicking the Sync jobs tab.

  4. On the Source Control dropdown menu, select a source control mechanism.

    Sync status

  5. Clicking on a job allows you to view the job output. The following example is the output from a source control sync job.

    ===================================================================
    
    Azure Automation Source Control.
    Supported runbooks to sync: PowerShell Workflow, PowerShell Scripts, DSC Configurations, Graphical, and Python 2.
    
    Setting AzEnvironment.
    
    Getting AzureRunAsConnection.
    
    Logging in to Azure...
    
    Source control information for syncing:
    
    [Url = https://ContosoExample.visualstudio.com/ContosoFinanceTFVCExample/_versionControl] [FolderPath = /Runbooks]
    
    Verifying url: https://ContosoExample.visualstudio.com/ContosoFinanceTFVCExample/_versionControl
    
    Connecting to VSTS...
    
    Source Control Sync Summary:
    
    2 files synced:
     - ExampleRunbook1.ps1
     - ExampleRunbook2.ps1
    
    ==================================================================
    
    
  6. Additional logging is available by selecting All Logs on the Source Control Sync Job Summary page. These additional log entries can help you troubleshoot issues that might arise when using source control.

Disconnect source control

To disconnect from a source control repository:

  1. Open Source control under Account Settings in your Automation account.

  2. Select the source control mechanism to remove.

  3. On the Source Control Summary page, click Delete.

Handle encoding issues

If multiple people are editing runbooks in your source control repository using different editors, encoding issues can occur. To learn more about this situation, see Common causes of encoding issues.

Update the PAT

Currently, you can't use the Azure portal to update the PAT in source control. When your PAT is expired or revoked, you can update source control with a new access token in one of these ways:

Next steps