Quickstart: Create your first function hosted on Linux using command line tools

Azure Functions lets you execute your code in a serverless Linux environment without having to first create a VM or publish a web application. Linux-hosting requires the Functions 2.x and later runtime. Serverless functions run in the Consumption plan.

This quickstart article walks you through how to use the Azure CLI to create your first function app running on Linux. The function code is created locally and then deployed to Azure by using the Azure Functions Core Tools.

The following steps are supported on a Mac, Windows, or Linux computer. This article shows you how to create functions in either JavaScript or C#. To learn how to create Python functions, see Create your first Python function using Core Tools and the Azure CLI.

Prerequisites

Before running this sample, you must have the following:

  • Install Azure Functions Core Tools version 2.6.666 or above.

  • Install the Azure CLI. This article requires the Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. Run az --version to find the version you have. You can also use the Azure Cloud Shell.

  • An active Azure subscription.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Create the local function app project

Run the following command from the command line to create a function app project in the MyFunctionProj folder of the current local directory. A GitHub repo is also created in MyFunctionProj.

func init MyFunctionProj

When prompted, select a worker runtime from the following language choices:

After the project is created, use the following command to navigate to the new MyFunctionProj project folder.

cd MyFunctionProj

Enable extension bundles

The easiest way to install binding extensions is to enable extension bundles. When you enable bundles, a predefined set of extension packages is automatically installed.

To enable extension bundles, open the host.json file and update its contents to match the following code:

{
    "version": "2.0",
    "extensionBundle": {
        "id": "Microsoft.Azure.Functions.ExtensionBundle",
        "version": "[1.*, 2.0.0)"
    }
}

Create a function

The following command creates an HTTP-triggered function named MyHttpTrigger.

func new --name MyHttpTrigger --template "HttpTrigger"

When the command executes, you see something like the following output:

The function "MyHttpTrigger" was created successfully from the "HttpTrigger" template.

Run the function locally

The following command starts the function app. The app runs using the same Azure Functions runtime that is in Azure. The start command varies, depending on your project language.

C#

func start --build

JavaScript

func start

TypeScript

npm install
npm start     

When the Functions host starts, it writes something like the following output, which has been truncated for readability:


                  %%%%%%
                 %%%%%%
            @   %%%%%%    @
          @@   %%%%%%      @@
       @@@    %%%%%%%%%%%    @@@
     @@      %%%%%%%%%%        @@
       @@         %%%%       @@
         @@      %%%       @@
           @@    %%      @@
                %%
                %

...

Content root path: C:\functions\MyFunctionProj
Now listening on: http://0.0.0.0:7071
Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.

...

Http Functions:

        HttpTrigger: http://localhost:7071/api/MyHttpTrigger

[8/27/2018 10:38:27 PM] Host started (29486ms)
[8/27/2018 10:38:27 PM] Job host started

Copy the URL of your HttpTrigger function from the runtime output and paste it into your browser's address bar. Append the query string ?name=<yourname> to this URL and execute the request. The following shows the response in the browser to the GET request returned by the local function:

Test locally in the browser

Now that you have run your function locally, you can create the function app and other required resources in Azure.

Create a resource group

Create a resource group with the az group create command. An Azure resource group is a logical container into which Azure resources like function apps, databases, and storage accounts are deployed and managed.

The following example creates a resource group named myResourceGroup.
If you aren't using Cloud Shell, sign in first using az login.

az group create --name myResourceGroup --location westeurope

You generally create your resource group and the resources in a region near you.

Create an Azure Storage account

Functions uses a general-purpose account in Azure Storage to maintain state and other information about your functions. Create a general-purpose storage account in the resource group you created by using the az storage account create command.

In the following command, substitute a globally unique storage account name where you see the <storage_name> placeholder. Storage account names must be between 3 and 24 characters in length and may contain numbers and lowercase letters only.

az storage account create --name <storage_name> --location westeurope --resource-group myResourceGroup --sku Standard_LRS

Create a Linux function app in Azure

You must have a function app to host the execution of your functions on Linux. The function app provides a serverless environment for executing your function code. It lets you group functions as a logic unit for easier management, deployment, and sharing of resources. Create a function app running on Linux by using the az functionapp create command.

In the following command, use a unique function app name where you see the <app_name> placeholder and the storage account name for <storage_name>. The <app_name> is also the default DNS domain for the function app. This name needs to be unique across all apps in Azure. You should also set the <language> runtime for your function app, from dotnet (C#), node (JavaScript/TypeScript), or python.

az functionapp create --resource-group myResourceGroup --consumption-plan-location westus --os-type Linux \
--name <app_name> --storage-account  <storage_name> --runtime <language>

After the function app has been created, you see the following message:

Your serverless Linux function app 'myfunctionapp' has been successfully created.
To active this function app, publish your app content using Azure Functions Core Tools or the Azure portal.

Now, you can publish your project to the new function app in Azure.

Deploy the function app project to Azure

After the function app is created in Azure, you can use the func azure functionapp publish Core Tools command to deploy your project code to Azure. In these examples, replace <APP_NAME> with the name of your app from the previous step.

C# / JavaScript

func azure functionapp publish <APP_NAME>

Python

func azure functionapp publish <APP_NAME> --build remote

TypeScript

npm run build:production 
func azure functionapp publish <APP_NAME>

You'll see output similar to the following, which has been truncated for readability:

Getting site publishing info...
...

Preparing archive...
Uploading content...
Upload completed successfully.
Deployment completed successfully.
Syncing triggers...
Functions in myfunctionapp:
    HttpTrigger - [httpTrigger]
        Invoke url: https://myfunctionapp.azurewebsites.net/api/httptrigger?code=cCr8sAxfBiow548FBDLS1....

Copy the Invoke url value for your HttpTrigger, which you can now use to test your function in Azure. The URL contains a code query string value that is your function key. This key makes it difficult for others to call your HTTP trigger endpoint in Azure.

Verify the function in Azure

Use cURL to verify the deployed function. Using the URL, including the function key, that you copied from the previous step, append the query string &name=<yourname> to the URL.

using cURL to call the function in Azure.

You can also paste the copied URL, including the function key, into the address bar of your web browser. Again, append the query string &name=<yourname> to the URL before you execute the request.

Using a web browser to call the function.

Clean up resources

Other quickstarts in this collection build upon this quickstart. If you plan to continue on with subsequent quickstarts or with the tutorials, don't clean up the resources created in this quickstart. If you don't plan to continue, use the following command to delete all resources created in this quickstart:

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

Select y when prompted.

Next steps

Learn more about developing Azure Functions locally using the Azure Functions Core Tools.