Scope functions for Bicep

This article describes the Bicep functions for getting scope values.

managementGroup

managementGroup()

managementGroup(identifier)

Returns an object used for setting the scope to a management group.

Or

Returns an object with properties from the management group in the current deployment.

Namespace: az.

Remarks

managementGroup() can only be used on a management group deployments. It returns the current management group for the deployment operation. Use when either getting a scope object or getting properties for the current management group.

managementGroup(identifier) can be used for any deployment scope, but only when getting the scope object. To retrieve the properties for a management group, you can't pass in the management group identifier.

Parameters

Parameter Required Type Description
identifier No string The unique identifier for the management group to deploy to. Don't use the display name for the management group. If you don't provide a value, the current management group is returned.

Return value

An object used for setting the scope property on a module or extension resource type. Or, an object with the properties for the current management group.

Management group example

The following example sets the scope for a module to a management group.

param managementGroupIdentifier string

module  'module.bicep' = {
  name: 'deployToMG'
  scope: managementGroup(managementGroupIdentifier)
}

The next example returns properties for the current management group.

targetScope = 'managementGroup'

var mgInfo = managementGroup()

output mgResult object = mgInfo

It returns:

"mgResult": {
  "type": "Object",
  "value": {
    "id": "/providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/examplemg1",
    "name": "examplemg1",
    "properties": {
      "details": {
        "parent": {
          "displayName": "Tenant Root Group",
          "id": "/providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000",
          "name": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
        },
        "updatedBy": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000",
        "updatedTime": "2020-07-23T21:05:52.661306Z",
        "version": "1"
      },
      "displayName": "Example MG 1",
      "tenantId": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
    },
    "type": "/providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups"
  }
}

The next example creates a new management group and uses this function to set the parent management group.

targetScope = 'managementGroup'

param mgName string = 'mg-${uniqueString(newGuid())}'

resource newMG 'Microsoft.Management/managementGroups@2020-05-01' = {
  scope: tenant()
  name: mgName
  properties: {
    details: {
      parent: {
        id: managementGroup().id
      }
    }
  }
}

output newManagementGroup string = mgName

resourceGroup

resourceGroup()

resourceGroup(resourceGroupName)

resourceGroup(subscriptionId, resourceGroupName)

Returns an object used for setting the scope to a resource group.

Or

Returns an object that represents the current resource group.

Namespace: az.

Remarks

The resourceGroup function has two distinct uses. One usage is for setting the scope on a module or extension resource type. The other usage is for getting details about the current resource group. The placement of the function determines its usage. When used to set the scope property, it returns a scope object.

resourceGroup() can be used for either setting scope or getting details about the resource group.

resourceGroup(resourceGroupName) and resourceGroup(subscriptionId, resourceGroupName) can only be used for setting scope.

Parameters

Parameter Required Type Description
resourceGroupName No string The name of the resource group to deploy to. If you don't provide a value, the current resource group is returned.
subscriptionId No string The unique identifier for the subscription to deploy to. If you don't provide a value, the current subscription is returned.

Return value

When used for setting scope, the function returns an object that is valid for the scope property on a module or extension resource type.

When used for getting details about the resource group, the function returns the following format:

{
  "id": "/subscriptions/{subscriptionId}/resourceGroups/{resourceGroupName}",
  "name": "{resourceGroupName}",
  "type":"Microsoft.Resources/resourceGroups",
  "location": "{resourceGroupLocation}",
  "managedBy": "{identifier-of-managing-resource}",
  "tags": {
  },
  "properties": {
    "provisioningState": "{status}"
  }
}

The managedBy property is returned only for resource groups that contain resources that are managed by another service. For Managed Applications, Databricks, and AKS, the value of the property is the resource ID of the managing resource.

Resource group example

The following example scopes a module to a resource group.

param resourceGroupName string

module exampleModule 'module.bicep' = {
  name: 'exampleModule'
  scope: resourceGroup(resourceGroupName)
}

The next example returns the properties of the resource group.

output resourceGroupOutput object = resourceGroup()

It returns an object in the following format:

{
  "id": "/subscriptions/{subscription-id}/resourceGroups/examplegroup",
  "name": "examplegroup",
  "type":"Microsoft.Resources/resourceGroups",
  "location": "southcentralus",
  "properties": {
    "provisioningState": "Succeeded"
  }
}

A common use of the resourceGroup function is to create resources in the same location as the resource group. The following example uses the resource group location for a default parameter value.

param location string = resourceGroup().location

You can also use the resourceGroup function to apply tags from the resource group to a resource. For more information, see Apply tags from resource group.

subscription

subscription()

subscription(subscriptionId)

Returns an object used for setting the scope to a subscription.

Or

Returns details about the subscription for the current deployment.

Namespace: az.

Remarks

The subscription function has two distinct uses. One usage is for setting the scope on a module or extension resource type. The other usage is for getting details about the current subscription. The placement of the function determines its usage. When used to set the scope property, it returns a scope object.

subscription(subscriptionId) can only be used for setting scope.

subscription() can be used for setting scope or getting details about the subscription.

Parameters

Parameter Required Type Description
subscriptionId No string The unique identifier for the subscription to deploy to. If you don't provide a value, the current subscription is returned.

Return value

When used for setting scope, the function returns an object that is valid for the scope property on a module or extension resource type.

When used for getting details about the subscription, the function returns the following format:

{
  "id": "/subscriptions/{subscription-id}",
  "subscriptionId": "{subscription-id}",
  "tenantId": "{tenant-id}",
  "displayName": "{name-of-subscription}"
}

Subscription example

The following example scopes a module to the subscription.

module exampleModule 'module.bicep' = {
  name: 'deployToSub'
  scope: subscription()
}

The next example returns the details for a subscription.

output subscriptionOutput object = subscription()

tenant

tenant()

Returns an object used for setting the scope to the tenant.

Or

Returns properties about the tenant for the current deployment.

Namespace: az.

Remarks

tenant() can be used with any deployment scope. It always returns the current tenant. You can use this function to set the scope for a resource, or to get properties for the current tenant.

Return value

An object used for setting the scope property on a module or extension resource type. Or, an object with properties about the current tenant.

Tenant example

The following example shows a module deployed to the tenant.

module exampleModule 'module.bicep' = {
  name: 'deployToTenant'
  scope: tenant()
}

The next example returns the properties for a tenant.

var tenantInfo = tenant()

output tenantResult object = tenantInfo

It returns:

"tenantResult": {
  "type": "Object",
  "value": {
    "countryCode": "US",
    "displayName": "Contoso",
    "id": "/tenants/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000",
    "tenantId": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  }
}

Some resources require setting the tenant ID for a property. Rather than passing the tenant ID as a parameter, you can retrieve it with the tenant function.

resource kv 'Microsoft.KeyVault/vaults@2021-06-01-preview' = {
  name: 'examplekeyvault'
  location: 'westus'
  properties: {
    tenantId: tenant().tenantId
    ...
  }
}

Next steps

To learn more about deployment scopes, see: