Manage Azure CDN with PowerShell

PowerShell provides one of the most flexible methods to manage your Azure CDN profiles and endpoints. You can use PowerShell interactively or by writing scripts to automate management tasks. This tutorial demonstrates several of the most common tasks you can accomplish with PowerShell to manage your Azure CDN profiles and endpoints.

Prerequisites

Note

This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December 2020. To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. For Az module installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.

To use PowerShell to manage your Azure CDN profiles and endpoints, you must have the Azure PowerShell module installed. To learn how to install Azure PowerShell and connect to Azure using the Connect-AzAccount cmdlet, see How to install and configure Azure PowerShell.

Important

You must log in with Connect-AzAccount before you can execute Azure PowerShell cmdlets.

Listing the Azure CDN cmdlets

You can list all the Azure CDN cmdlets using the Get-Command cmdlet.

PS C:\> Get-Command -Module Az.Cdn

CommandType     Name                                               Version    Source
-----------     ----                                               -------    ------
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnCustomDomain                         2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnEndpoint                             2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnEndpointNameAvailability             2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnOrigin                               2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnProfile                              2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Get-AzCdnProfileSsoUrl                        2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          New-AzCdnCustomDomain                         2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          New-AzCdnEndpoint                             2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          New-AzCdnProfile                              2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Publish-AzCdnEndpointContent                  2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Remove-AzCdnCustomDomain                      2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Remove-AzCdnEndpoint                          2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Remove-AzCdnProfile                           2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Set-AzCdnEndpoint                             2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Set-AzCdnOrigin                               2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Set-AzCdnProfile                              2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Start-AzCdnEndpoint                           2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Stop-AzCdnEndpoint                            2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Test-AzCdnCustomDomain                        2.0.0      Az.Cdn
Cmdlet          Unpublish-AzCdnEndpointContent                2.0.0      Az.Cdn

Getting help

You can get help with any of these cmdlets using the Get-Help cmdlet. Get-Help provides usage and syntax, and optionally shows examples.

PS C:\> Get-Help Get-AzCdnProfile

NAME
    Get-AzCdnProfile

SYNOPSIS
    Gets an Azure CDN profile.


SYNTAX
    Get-AzCdnProfile [-ProfileName <String>] [-ResourceGroupName <String>] [-InformationAction
    <ActionPreference>] [-InformationVariable <String>] [<CommonParameters>]


DESCRIPTION
    Gets an Azure CDN profile and all related information.


RELATED LINKS

REMARKS
    To see the examples, type: "get-help Get-AzCdnProfile -examples".
    For more information, type: "get-help Get-AzCdnProfile -detailed".
    For technical information, type: "get-help Get-AzCdnProfile -full".

Listing existing Azure CDN profiles

The Get-AzCdnProfile cmdlet without any parameters retrieves all your existing CDN profiles.

Get-AzCdnProfile

This output can be piped to cmdlets for enumeration.

# Output the name of all profiles on this subscription.
Get-AzCdnProfile | ForEach-Object { Write-Host $_.Name }

# Return only **Azure CDN from Verizon** profiles.
Get-AzCdnProfile | Where-Object { $_.Sku.Name -eq "Standard_Verizon" }

You can also return a single profile by specifying the profile name and resource group.

Get-AzCdnProfile -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG

Tip

It is possible to have multiple CDN profiles with the same name, so long as they are in different resource groups. Omitting the ResourceGroupName parameter returns all profiles with a matching name.

Listing existing CDN endpoints

Get-AzCdnEndpoint can retrieve an individual endpoint or all the endpoints on a profile.

# Get a single endpoint.
Get-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdndocdemo

# Get all of the endpoints on a given profile. 
Get-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG

# Return all of the endpoints on all of the profiles.
Get-AzCdnProfile | Get-AzCdnEndpoint

# Return all of the endpoints in this subscription that are currently running.
Get-AzCdnProfile | Get-AzCdnEndpoint | Where-Object { $_.ResourceState -eq "Running" }

Creating CDN profiles and endpoints

New-AzCdnProfile and New-AzCdnEndpoint are used to create CDN profiles and endpoints. The following SKUs are supported:

  • Standard_Verizon
  • Premium_Verizon
  • Custom_Verizon
  • Standard_Akamai
  • Standard_Microsoft
  • Standard_ChinaCdn
# Create a new profile
New-AzCdnProfile -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -Sku Standard_Akamai -Location "Central US"

# Create a new endpoint
New-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -Location "Central US" -EndpointName cdnposhdoc -OriginName "Contoso" -OriginHostName "www.contoso.com"

# Create a new profile and endpoint (same as above) in one line
New-AzCdnProfile -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -Sku Standard_Akamai -Location "Central US" | New-AzCdnEndpoint -EndpointName cdnposhdoc -OriginName "Contoso" -OriginHostName "www.contoso.com"

Checking endpoint name availability

Get-AzCdnEndpointNameAvailability returns an object indicating if an endpoint name is available.

# Retrieve availability
$availability = Get-AzCdnEndpointNameAvailability -EndpointName "cdnposhdoc"

# If available, write a message to the console.
If($availability.NameAvailable) { Write-Host "Yes, that endpoint name is available." }
Else { Write-Host "No, that endpoint name is not available." }

Adding a custom domain

New-AzCdnCustomDomain adds a custom domain name to an existing endpoint.

Important

You must set up the CNAME with your DNS provider as described in How to map Custom Domain to Content Delivery Network (CDN) endpoint. You can test the mapping before modifying your endpoint using Test-AzCdnCustomDomain.

# Get an existing endpoint
$endpoint = Get-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdnposhdoc

# Check the mapping
$result = Test-AzCdnCustomDomain -CdnEndpoint $endpoint -CustomDomainHostName "cdn.contoso.com"

# Create the custom domain on the endpoint
If($result.CustomDomainValidated){ New-AzCdnCustomDomain -CustomDomainName Contoso -HostName "cdn.contoso.com" -CdnEndpoint $endpoint }

Modifying an endpoint

Set-AzCdnEndpoint modifies an existing endpoint.

# Get an existing endpoint
$endpoint = Get-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdnposhdoc

# Set up content compression
$endpoint.IsCompressionEnabled = $true
$endpoint.ContentTypesToCompress = "text/javascript","text/css","application/json"

# Save the changed endpoint and apply the changes
Set-AzCdnEndpoint -CdnEndpoint $endpoint

Purging/Pre-loading CDN assets

Unpublish-AzCdnEndpointContent purges cached assets, while Publish-AzCdnEndpointContent pre-loads assets on supported endpoints.

# Purge some assets.
Unpublish-AzCdnEndpointContent -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdndocdemo -PurgeContent "/images/kitten.png","/video/rickroll.mp4"

# Pre-load some assets.
Publish-AzCdnEndpointContent -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdndocdemo -LoadContent "/images/kitten.png","/video/rickroll.mp4"

# Purge everything in /images/ on all endpoints.
Get-AzCdnProfile | Get-AzCdnEndpoint | Unpublish-AzCdnEndpointContent -PurgeContent "/images/*"

Starting/Stopping CDN endpoints

Start-AzCdnEndpoint and Stop-AzCdnEndpoint can be used to start and stop individual endpoints or groups of endpoints.

# Stop the cdndocdemo endpoint
Stop-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdndocdemo

# Stop all endpoints
Get-AzCdnProfile | Get-AzCdnEndpoint | Stop-AzCdnEndpoint

# Start all endpoints
Get-AzCdnProfile | Get-AzCdnEndpoint | Start-AzCdnEndpoint

Deleting CDN resources

Remove-AzCdnProfile and Remove-AzCdnEndpoint can be used to remove profiles and endpoints.

# Remove a single endpoint
Remove-AzCdnEndpoint -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG -EndpointName cdnposhdoc

# Remove all the endpoints on a profile and skip confirmation (-Force)
Get-AzCdnProfile -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG | Get-AzCdnEndpoint | Remove-AzCdnEndpoint -Force

# Remove a single profile
Remove-AzCdnProfile -ProfileName CdnPoshDemo -ResourceGroupName CdnDemoRG

Next Steps

Learn how to automate Azure CDN with .NET or Node.js.

To learn about CDN features, see CDN Overview.