Detect common objects in images

Object detection is similar to tagging, but the API returns the bounding box coordinates (in pixels) for each object found. For example, if an image contains a dog, cat and person, the Detect operation will list those objects together with their coordinates in the image. You can use this functionality to process the relationships between the objects in an image. It also lets you determine whether there are multiple instances of the same tag in an image.

The Detect API applies tags based on the objects or living things identified in the image. There is currently no formal relationship between the tagging taxonomy and the object detection taxonomy. At a conceptual level, the Detect API only finds objects and living things, while the Tag API can also include contextual terms like "indoor", which can't be localized with bounding boxes.

Object detection example

The following JSON response illustrates what Computer Vision returns when detecting objects in the example image.

A woman using a Microsoft Surface device in a kitchen

{
   "objects":[
      {
         "rectangle":{
            "x":730,
            "y":66,
            "w":135,
            "h":85
         },
         "object":"kitchen appliance",
         "confidence":0.501
      },
      {
         "rectangle":{
            "x":523,
            "y":377,
            "w":185,
            "h":46
         },
         "object":"computer keyboard",
         "confidence":0.51
      },
      {
         "rectangle":{
            "x":471,
            "y":218,
            "w":289,
            "h":226
         },
         "object":"Laptop",
         "confidence":0.85,
         "parent":{
            "object":"computer",
            "confidence":0.851
         }
      },
      {
         "rectangle":{
            "x":654,
            "y":0,
            "w":584,
            "h":473
         },
         "object":"person",
         "confidence":0.855
      }
   ],
   "requestId":"a7fde8fd-cc18-4f5f-99d3-897dcd07b308",
   "metadata":{
      "width":1260,
      "height":473,
      "format":"Jpeg"
   }
}

Limitations

It's important to note the limitations of object detection so you can avoid or mitigate the effects of false negatives (missed objects) and limited detail.

  • Objects are generally not detected if they're small (less than 5% of the image).
  • Objects are generally not detected if they're arranged closely together (a stack of plates, for example).
  • Objects are not differentiated by brand or product names (different types of sodas on a store shelf, for example). However, you can get brand information from an image by using the Brand detection feature.

Use the API

The object detection feature is part of the Analyze Image API. You can call this API through a native SDK or through REST calls. Include Objects in the visualFeatures query parameter. Then, when you get the full JSON response, simply parse the string for the contents of the "objects" section.