Quickstart: Run a container application in Azure Container Instances with Azure PowerShell

Use Azure Container Instances to run Docker containers in Azure with simplicity and speed. You don't need to deploy virtual machines or use a full container orchestration platform like Kubernetes. In this quickstart, you use the Azure portal to create a Windows container in Azure and make its application available with a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). A few seconds after you execute a single deployment command, you can browse to the running application:

App deployed to Azure Container Instances viewed in browser

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account. Just click the Copy to copy the code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and then press enter to run it. There are a few ways to launch the Cloud Shell:

Click Try It in the upper right corner of a code block. Cloud Shell in this article
Open Cloud Shell in your browser. https://shell.azure.com/powershell
Click the Cloud Shell button on the menu in the upper right of the Azure portal. Cloud Shell in the portal

If you choose to install and use the PowerShell locally, this tutorial requires the Azure PowerShell module version 5.5 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable AzureRM to find the version. If you need to upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module. If you are running PowerShell locally, you also need to run Connect-AzureRmAccount to create a connection with Azure.

Create a resource group

Azure container instances, like all Azure resources, must be deployed into a resource group. Resource groups allow you to organize and manage related Azure resources.

First, create a resource group named myResourceGroup in the eastus location with the following New-AzureRmResourceGroup command:

New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name myResourceGroup -Location EastUS

Create a container

Now that you have a resource group, you can run a container in Azure. To create a container instance with Azure PowerShell, provide a resource group name, container instance name, and Docker container image to the New-AzureRmContainerGroup cmdlet. In this quickstart, you use the microsoft/iis:nanoserver Windows image from the public Docker Hub registry. This image packages Internet Information Services (IIS) to run in Nano Server.

You can expose your containers to the internet by specifying one or more ports to open, a DNS name label, or both. In this quickstart, you deploy a container with a DNS name label so that IIS is publicly reachable.

Execute the following command to start a container instance. The -DnsNameLabel value must be unique within the Azure region you create the instance. If you receive a "DNS name label not available" error message, try a different DNS name label.

New-AzureRmContainerGroup -ResourceGroupName myResourceGroup -Name mycontainer -Image microsoft/iis:nanoserver -OsType Windows -DnsNameLabel aci-demo-win

Within a few seconds, you should receive a response from Azure. The container's ProvisioningState is initially Creating, but should move to Succeeded within a minute or two. Check the deployment state with the Get-AzureRmContainerGroup cmdlet:

Get-AzureRmContainerGroup -ResourceGroupName myResourceGroup -Name mycontainer

The container's provisioning state, fully qualified domain name (FQDN), and IP address appear in the cmdlet's output:

PS Azure:\> Get-AzureRmContainerGroup -ResourceGroupName myResourceGroup -Name mycontainer

ResourceGroupName        : myResourceGroup
Id                       : /subscriptions/<Subscription ID>/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.ContainerInstance/containerGroups/mycontainer
Name                     : mycontainer
Type                     : Microsoft.ContainerInstance/containerGroups
Location                 : eastus
Tags                     :
ProvisioningState        : Creating
Containers               : {mycontainer}
ImageRegistryCredentials :
RestartPolicy            : Always
IpAddress                :
DnsNameLabel             : aci-demo-win
Fqdn                     : aci-demo-win.eastus.azurecontainer.io
Ports                    : {80}
OsType                   : Windows
Volumes                  :
State                    : Pending
Events                   : {}

Once the container's ProvisioningState is Succeeded, navigate to its Fqdn in your browser. If you see a web page similar to the following, congratulations! You've successfully deployed an application running in a Docker container to Azure.

IIS deployed using Azure Container Instances viewed in browser

Clean up resources

When you're done with the container, remove it with the Remove-AzureRmContainerGroup cmdlet:

Remove-AzureRmContainerGroup -ResourceGroupName myResourceGroup -Name mycontainer

Next steps

In this quickstart, you created an Azure container instance from an image in the public Docker Hub registry. If you'd like to build a container image and deploy it from a private Azure container registry, continue to the Azure Container Instances tutorial.