Create a database and container with autoscale for Azure Cosmos DB - SQL API

APPLIES TO: SQL API

Note

This article uses the Azure Az PowerShell module, which is the recommended PowerShell module for interacting with Azure. To get started with the Az PowerShell module, see Install Azure PowerShell. To learn how to migrate to the Az PowerShell module, see Migrate Azure PowerShell from AzureRM to Az.

This sample requires Azure PowerShell Az 5.4.0 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable Az to see which versions are installed. If you need to install, see Install Azure PowerShell module.

Run Connect-AzAccount to sign in to Azure.

Sample script

This script creates a Cosmos account for Core (SQL) API in two regions with session level consistency, a database, and a container with autoscale throughput and default index policy.

# Reference: Az.CosmosDB | https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/az.cosmosdb
# --------------------------------------------------
# Purpose
# Create Cosmos SQL API account, database, and container with autoscale throughput,
# --------------------------------------------------
Function New-RandomString{Param ([Int]$Length = 10) return $(-join ((97..122) + (48..57) | Get-Random -Count $Length | ForEach-Object {[char]$_}))}
# --------------------------------------------------
$uniqueId = New-RandomString -Length 7 # Random alphanumeric string for unique resource names
$apiKind = "Sql"
# --------------------------------------------------
# Variables - ***** SUBSTITUTE YOUR VALUES *****
$locations = @()
$locations += New-AzCosmosDBLocationObject -LocationName "East Us" -FailoverPriority 0 -IsZoneRedundant 0
$locations += New-AzCosmosDBLocationObject -LocationName "West Us" -FailoverPriority 1 -IsZoneRedundant 0

$resourceGroupName = "myResourceGroup" # Resource Group must already exist
$accountName = "cosmos-$uniqueId" # Must be all lower case
$consistencyLevel = "Session"
$databaseName = "myDatabase"
$containerName = "myContainer"
$autoscaleMaxThroughput = 4000 #minimum = 4000
$partitionKeyPath = "/myPartitionKey"

# --------------------------------------------------
Write-Host "Creating account $accountName"
$account = New-AzCosmosDBAccount -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -LocationObject $locations -Name $accountName -ApiKind $apiKind `
    -DefaultConsistencyLevel $consistencyLevel `
    -EnableAutomaticFailover:$true

Write-Host "Creating database $databaseName"
$database = New-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabase -ParentObject $account -Name $databaseName

Write-Host "Creating container $containerName"
$container = New-AzCosmosDBSqlContainer `
    -ParentObject $database -Name $containerName `
    -PartitionKeyKind Hash -PartitionKeyPath $partitionKeyPath `
    -AutoscaleMaxThroughput $autoscaleMaxThroughput

Clean up deployment

After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName "myResourceGroup"

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
Azure Cosmos DB
New-AzCosmosDBAccount Creates a Cosmos DB Account.
New-AzCosmosDBSqlDatabase Creates a Cosmos DB SQL Database.
New-AzCosmosDBSqlContainer Creates a new Cosmos DB SQL Container.
Azure Resource Groups
Remove-AzResourceGroup Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.