Load data into Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 with Azure Data Factory

Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 is a set of capabilities dedicated to big data analytics, built into Azure Blob storage. It allows you to interface with your data using both file system and object storage paradigms.

Azure Data Factory (ADF) is a fully managed cloud-based data integration service. You can use the service to populate the lake with data from a rich set of on-premises and cloud-based data stores and save time when building your analytics solutions. For a detailed list of supported connectors, see the table of Supported data stores.

Azure Data Factory offers a scale-out, managed data movement solution. Due to the scale-out architecture of ADF, it can ingest data at a high throughput. For details, see Copy activity performance.

This article shows you how to use the Data Factory Copy Data tool to load data from Amazon Web Services S3 service into Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2. You can follow similar steps to copy data from other types of data stores.


For copying data from Azure Data Lake Storage Gen1 into Gen2, refer to this specific walkthrough.


  • Azure subscription: If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.
  • Azure Storage account with Data Lake Storage Gen2 enabled: If you don't have a Storage account, create an account.
  • AWS account with an S3 bucket that contains data: This article shows how to copy data from Amazon S3. You can use other data stores by following similar steps.

Create a data factory

  1. On the left menu, select Create a resource > Data + Analytics > Data Factory:

    Data Factory selection in the "New" pane

  2. In the New data factory page, provide values for the fields that are shown in the following image:

    New data factory page

    • Name: Enter a globally unique name for your Azure data factory. If you receive the error "Data factory name "LoadADLSDemo" is not available," enter a different name for the data factory. For example, you could use the name yournameADFTutorialDataFactory. Try creating the data factory again. For the naming rules for Data Factory artifacts, see Data Factory naming rules.
    • Subscription: Select your Azure subscription in which to create the data factory.
    • Resource Group: Select an existing resource group from the drop-down list, or select the Create new option and enter the name of a resource group. To learn about resource groups, see Using resource groups to manage your Azure resources.
    • Version: Select V2.
    • Location: Select the location for the data factory. Only supported locations are displayed in the drop-down list. The data stores that are used by data factory can be in other locations and regions.
  3. Select Create.

  4. After creation is complete, go to your data factory. You see the Data Factory home page as shown in the following image:

    Data factory home page

    Select the Author & Monitor tile to launch the Data Integration Application in a separate tab.

Load data into Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2

  1. In the Get started page, select the Copy Data tile to launch the Copy Data tool:

    Copy Data tool tile

  2. In the Properties page, specify CopyFromAmazonS3ToADLS for the Task name field, and select Next:

    Properties page

  3. In the Source data store page, click + Create new connection:

    Source data store page

    Select Amazon S3 from the connector gallery, and select Continue

    Source data store s3 page

  4. In the Specify Amazon S3 connection page, do the following steps:

    1. Specify the Access Key ID value.

    2. Specify the Secret Access Key value.

    3. Click Test connection to validate the settings, then select Finish.

    4. You will see a new connection gets created. Select Next.

      Specify Amazon S3 account

  5. In the Choose the input file or folder page, browse to the folder and file that you want to copy over. Select the folder/file, select Choose:

    Choose input file or folder

  6. Specify the copy behavior by checking the Copy files recursively and Binary copy options. Select Next:

    Specify output folder

  7. In the Destination data store page, click + Create new connection, and then select Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2, and select Continue:

    Destination data store page

  8. In the Specify Azure Data Lake Storage connection page, do the following steps:

    1. Select your Data Lake Storage Gen2 capable account from the "Storage account name" drop down list.
    2. Select Finish to create the connection. Then select Next.

    Specify Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 account

  9. In the Choose the output file or folder page, enter copyfroms3 as the output folder name, and select Next. ADF will create the corresponding ADLS Gen2 file system and sub-folders during copy if it doesn't exist.

    Specify output folder

  10. In the Settings page, select Next to use the default settings:

    Settings page

  11. In the Summary page, review the settings, and select Next:

    Summary page

  12. In the Deployment page, select Monitor to monitor the pipeline:

    Deployment page

  13. Notice that the Monitor tab on the left is automatically selected. The Actions column includes links to view activity run details and to rerun the pipeline:

    Monitor pipeline runs

  14. To view activity runs that are associated with the pipeline run, select the View Activity Runs link in the Actions column. There's only one activity (copy activity) in the pipeline, so you see only one entry. To switch back to the pipeline runs view, select the Pipelines link at the top. Select Refresh to refresh the list.

    Monitor activity runs

  15. To monitor the execution details for each copy activity, select the Details link (eyeglasses image) under Actions in the activity monitoring view. You can monitor details like the volume of data copied from the source to the sink, data throughput, execution steps with corresponding duration, and used configurations:

    Monitor activity run details

  16. Verify that the data is copied into your Data Lake Storage Gen2 account.

Next steps