Transform data using Hadoop Streaming activity in Azure Data Factory

APPLIES TO: Azure Data Factory Azure Synapse Analytics (Preview)

The HDInsight Streaming Activity in a Data Factory pipeline executes Hadoop Streaming programs on your own or on-demand HDInsight cluster. This article builds on the data transformation activities article, which presents a general overview of data transformation and the supported transformation activities.

If you are new to Azure Data Factory, read through Introduction to Azure Data Factory and do the Tutorial: transform data before reading this article.

JSON sample

    "name": "Streaming Activity",
    "description": "Description",
    "type": "HDInsightStreaming",
    "linkedServiceName": {
        "referenceName": "MyHDInsightLinkedService",
        "type": "LinkedServiceReference"
    "typeProperties": {
        "mapper": "MyMapper.exe",
        "reducer": "MyReducer.exe",
        "combiner": "MyCombiner.exe",
        "fileLinkedService": {
            "referenceName": "MyAzureStorageLinkedService",
            "type": "LinkedServiceReference"
        "filePaths": [
        "input": "wasb://<containername>@<accountname>",
        "output": "wasb://<containername>@<accountname>",
        "commandEnvironment": [
        "getDebugInfo": "Failure",
        "arguments": [
        "defines": {
            "param1": "param1Value"

Syntax details

Property Description Required
name Name of the activity Yes
description Text describing what the activity is used for No
type For Hadoop Streaming Activity, the activity type is HDInsightStreaming Yes
linkedServiceName Reference to the HDInsight cluster registered as a linked service in Data Factory. To learn about this linked service, see Compute linked services article. Yes
mapper Specifies the name of the mapper executable Yes
reducer Specifies the name of the reducer executable Yes
combiner Specifies the name of the combiner executable No
fileLinkedService Reference to an Azure Storage Linked Service used to store the Mapper, Combiner, and Reducer programs to be executed. Only Azure Blob Storage and ADLS Gen2 linked services are supported here. If you don't specify this Linked Service, the Azure Storage Linked Service defined in the HDInsight Linked Service is used. No
filePath Provide an array of path to the Mapper, Combiner, and Reducer programs stored in the Azure Storage referred by fileLinkedService. The path is case-sensitive. Yes
input Specifies the WASB path to the input file for the Mapper. Yes
output Specifies the WASB path to the output file for the Reducer. Yes
getDebugInfo Specifies when the log files are copied to the Azure Storage used by HDInsight cluster (or) specified by scriptLinkedService. Allowed values: None, Always, or Failure. Default value: None. No
arguments Specifies an array of arguments for a Hadoop job. The arguments are passed as command-line arguments to each task. No
defines Specify parameters as key/value pairs for referencing within the Hive script. No

Next steps

See the following articles that explain how to transform data in other ways: