Azure Defender for IoT baseline and custom checks

This article explains Defender for IoT baseline, and summarizes all associated properties of baseline custom checks.


A baseline establishes standard behavior for each device and makes it easier to establish unusual behavior or deviation from expected norms.

Baseline custom checks

Baseline custom checks establish a custom list of checks for each device baseline using the Module identity twin of the device.

Setting baseline properties

  1. In your IoT Hub, locate and select the device you wish to change.

  2. Click on the device, and then click the azureiotsecurity module.

  3. Click Module Identity Twin.

  4. Upload the baseline custom checks file to the device.

  5. Add baseline properties to the Defender-IoT-micro-agent and click Save.

Baseline custom check file example

To configure baseline custom checks:

 "desired": {
   "ms_iotn:urn_azureiot_Security_SecurityAgentConfiguration": {
     "baselineCustomChecksEnabled": {
       "value" : true
     "baselineCustomChecksFilePath": {
       "value" : "/home/user/full_path.xml"
     "baselineCustomChecksFileHash": {
       "value" : "#hashexample!"

Baseline custom check properties

Name Status Valid values Default values Description
baselineCustomChecksEnabled Required: true Valid values: Boolean Default value: false Max time interval before high priority messages is sent.
baselineCustomChecksFilePath Required: true Valid values: String, null Default value: null Full path of the baseline xml configuration
baselineCustomChecksFileHash Required: true Valid values: String, null Default value: null sha256sum of the xml configuration file. Use the sha256sum reference for additional information.

To review additional baseline examples, see custom baseline example -1 and custom baseline example -2.

Next steps