Query by area or iteration path

Azure Boards | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018 | TFS 2017 | TFS 2015 | TFS 2013

The Area Path and Iteration Path are two fields that appear on the work tracking form for all work item types. You define them for a project—area paths and iteration paths—and then select the ones you want to associate with a team.

To better understand how to work with area and iteration paths, see About teams and Agile tools.

Supported operators and macros

When creating queries and specifying the Area Path and Iteration Path fields, you can use the following operators:

Operator Use when you want to...
= Specify one specific area or iteration path
<> Filter out one, specific area or iteration path.
In Filter for a set of area or iteration paths.
Not In Exclude items that are assigned to a set of area or iteration paths.
Under Specify all paths under a select area or iteration path.
Not Under Exclude items assigned under a specific area or iteration path.

In addition to these operators, you can use the following macros when you select the Iteration Path. For examples, see Query by date or current iteration.

Macro Use when you want to...
@CurrentIteration Specify the current iteration associated with the selected team context.
@CurrentIteration +/- n    Filter items based on assignment to a sliding window of sprints associated with the selected team context.
@TeamAreas Filter items based on area path(s) assigned to a specific team.

Note

The @CurrentIteration macro is supported for Azure Boards and TFS 2015 and later versions. The @CurrentIteration +/- n and @TeamAreas macros are supported for Azure DevOps Services and Azure DevOps Server 2019 and later versions.

Area path queries

You can specify to filter for work items assigned to several area paths by using the In operator as shown in the following example.

Query on Area Path for several areas

Node Name and keyword based queries

Use the Node Name field to filter on work items assigned to area paths based on a keyword using the Contains operator. The Node Name specifies the last node of an Area Path, which corresponds to the last node in the tree hierarchy.

The following query yields the same result as the previous example.

Query on Node Name for several areas

In this example, the filter will return any work items assigned to an area path whose last node contains the word "Azure".

Query for several sprints

Here's another example which uses the Node Name and the In operator.

Query on Node Name for several areas

Team area path queries

Use the @TeamAreas macro to quickly find items assigned to the area paths assigned to a specific team. Specify the = operator. The Query Editor automatically prompts for you to enter the name of the team. You can add it by typing the name of the team and choosing the team value that appears in the search filter criteria.

Query on area paths assigned to a team

Classification field reference

Field name Description Reference name
Area Path Groups work items into product feature or team areas. The area must be a valid node in the project hierarchy. System.AreaPath
Iteration Path Groups work items by named sprints or time periods. The iteration must be a valid node in the project hierarchy. System.IterationPath

For each field, data path=TreePath, reportable type=Dimension, index attribute=True.

If you define a path name that is longer than 256 characters, you will not be able to specify it in Microsoft Project. To avoid this problem, define path names of no more than 10 characters, and do not nest nodes more than 14 levels deep.

You can't apply most field rules to the System.AreaPath and System.IterationPath fields. To learn more, see Apply a field rule.

The following fields do not appear on work item forms but are tracked for each work item type. These fields provide a numeric value for each classification value that is defined for a project. You can use these fields to filter queries and create reports.

Field name Description Reference name Data type
Area ID The unique ID of the area to which this work item is assigned. System.AreaId Integer
Iteration ID The unique ID of the iteration to which this work item is assigned. System.IterationId Integer
Node Name The name of the last node of an area path. For example, if the area path is Project\A1\B2\C3, the node name is C3. System.NodeName String

The default reportable type is none. Area ID and Iteration ID are indexed, Node Name is not. To learn more about field attributes, see Work item fields and attributes.

Supported field rules

For the On-premises XML process model, you can apply rules to fields. However, for system fields (System.XXX), such as the Area Path and Iteration Path, you can specify only a small subset of rules, such as HELPTEXT and READONLY to fields.

SDK resources

To programmatically interact with queries, see Query for Bugs, Tasks, and Other Work Items.