About pipeline tests

Azure Pipelines | Azure DevOps Server 2020 | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018 - TFS 2015

This article describes commonly used terms used in pipeline test report and test analytics.


In Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS) 2018 and previous versions, build and release pipelines are called definitions, runs are called builds, service connections are called service endpoints, stages are called environments, and jobs are called phases.

Term Definition
Duration Time elapsed in execution of a test, test run, or entire test execution in a build or release pipeline.
Owner Owner of a test or test run. The test owner is typically specified as an attribute in the test code. See Publish Test Results task to view the mapping of the Owner attribute for supported test result formats.
Failing build Reference to the build having the first occurrence of consecutive failures of a test case.
Failing release Reference to the release having the first occurrence of consecutive failures of a test case.
Outcome There are 15 possible outcomes for a test result: Aborted, Blocked, Error, Failed, Inconclusive, In progress, None, Not applicable, Not executed, Not impacted, Passed, Paused, Timeout, Unspecified, and Warning.
Some of the commonly used outcomes are:
- Aborted: Test execution terminated abruptly due to internal or external factors, e.g., bad code, environment issues.
- Failed: Test not meeting the desired outcome.
- Inconclusive: Test without a definitive outcome.
- Not executed: Test marked as skipped for execution.
- Not impacted: Test not impacted by the code change that triggered the pipeline.
- Passed: Test executed successfully.
- Timeout: Test execution duration exceeding the specified threshold.
Flaky test A test with non-deterministic behavior. For example, the test may result in different outcomes for the same configuration, code, or inputs.
Filter Mechanism to search for the test results within the result set, using the available attributes. Learn more.
Grouping An aid to organizing the test results view based on available attributes such as Requirement, Test files, Priority, and more. Both test report and test analytics provide support for grouping test results.
Pass percentage Measure of the success of test outcome for a single instance of execution or over a period of time.
Priority Specifies the degree of importance or criticality of a test. Priority is typically specified as an attribute in the test code. See Publish Test Results task to view the mapping of the Priority attribute for supported test result formats.
Test analytics A view of the historical test data to provide meaningful insights.
Test case Uniquely identifies a single test within the specified branch.
Test files Group tests based on the way they are packaged; such as files, DLLs, or other formats.
Test report A view of single instance of test execution in the pipeline that contains details of status and help for troubleshooting, traceability, and more.
Test result Single instance of execution of a test case with a specific outcome and details.
Test run Logical grouping of test results based on:
- Test executed using built-in tasks: All tests executed using a single task such as Visual Studio Test, Ant, Maven, Gulp, Grunt or Xcode will be reported under a single test run
- Results published using Publish Test Results task: Provides an option to group all test results from one or more test results files into a single run, or individual runs per file
- Tests results published using API(s): API(s) provide the flexibility to create test runs and organize test results for each run as required.
Traceability Ability to trace forward or backward to a requirement, bug, or source code from a test result.

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