Automate resizing uploaded images using Event Grid

Azure Event Grid is an eventing service for the cloud. Event Grid enables you to create subscriptions to events raised by Azure services or third-party resources.

This tutorial is part two of a series of Storage tutorials. It extends the previous Storage tutorial to add serverless automatic thumbnail generation using Azure Event Grid and Azure Functions. Event Grid enables Azure Functions to respond to Azure Blob storage events and generate thumbnails of uploaded images. An event subscription is created against the Blob storage create event. When a blob is added to a specific Blob storage container, a function endpoint is called. Data passed to the function binding from Event Grid is used to access the blob and generate the thumbnail image.

You use the Azure CLI and the Azure portal to add the resizing functionality to an existing image upload app.

Published web app in Edge browser

In this tutorial, you learn how to:

  • Create a general Azure Storage account
  • Deploy serverless code using Azure Functions
  • Create a Blob storage event subscription in Event Grid

Prerequisites

To complete this tutorial:

You must have completed the previous Blob storage tutorial: Upload image data in the cloud with Azure Storage.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

If you've not previously registered the Event Grid resource provider in your subscription, make sure it's registered.

Register-AzureRmResourceProvider -ProviderNamespace Microsoft.EventGrid
az provider register --namespace Microsoft.EventGrid

Open Azure Cloud Shell

Azure Cloud Shell is a free, interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. Common Azure tools are preinstalled and configured in Cloud Shell for you to use with your account. Just select the Copy button to copy the code, paste it in Cloud Shell, and then press Enter to run it. There are a few ways to open Cloud Shell:

Select Try It in the upper-right corner of a code block. Cloud Shell in this article
Open Cloud Shell in your browser. https://shell.azure.com/bash
Select the Cloud Shell button on the menu in the upper-right corner of the Azure portal. Cloud Shell in the portal

If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, this tutorial requires the Azure CLI version 2.0.14 or later. Run az --version to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure CLI.

If you are not using Cloud Shell, you must first sign in using az login.

Create an Azure Storage account

Azure Functions requires a general storage account. Create a separate general storage account in the resource group by using the az storage account create command.

Storage account names must be between 3 and 24 characters in length and may contain numbers and lowercase letters only.

In the following command, substitute your own globally unique name for the general storage account where you see the <general_storage_account> placeholder.

az storage account create --name <general_storage_account> \
--location westcentralus --resource-group myResourceGroup \
--sku Standard_LRS --kind storage

Create a function app

You must have a function app to host the execution of your function. The function app provides an environment for serverless execution of your function code. Create a function app by using the az functionapp create command.

In the following command, substitute your own unique function app name where you see the <function_app> placeholder. The function app name is used as the default DNS domain for the function app, and so the name needs to be unique across all apps in Azure. For <general_storage_account>, substitute the name of the general storage account you created.

az functionapp create --name <function_app> --storage-account  <general_storage_account>  \
--resource-group myResourceGroup --consumption-plan-location westcentralus

Now you must configure the function app to connect to the Blob storage account you created in the previous tutorial.

Configure the function app

The function needs the connection string to connect to the Blob storage account. The function code that you deploy to Azure in the following step looks for the connection string in the app setting myblobstorage_STORAGE, and it looks for the thumbnail image container name in app setting myContainerName. Get the connection string with the az storage account show-connection-string command. Set application settings with the az functionapp config appsettings set command.

In the following CLI commands, <blob_storage_account> is the name of the Blob storage account you created in the previous tutorial.

storageConnectionString=$(az storage account show-connection-string \
--resource-group myResourceGroup --name <blob_storage_account> \
--query connectionString --output tsv)

az functionapp config appsettings set --name <function_app> \
--resource-group myResourceGroup \
--settings myblobstorage_STORAGE=$storageConnectionString \
myContainerName=thumbnails FUNCTIONS_EXTENSION_VERSION=~2

The FUNCTIONS_EXTENSION_VERSION=~2 setting makes the function app run on version 2.x of the Azure Functions runtime.

You can now deploy a function code project to this function app.

Deploy the function code

The sample C# script (.csx) resize is available on GitHub. Deploy this Functions code project to the function app by using the az functionapp deployment source config command.

In the following command, <function_app> is the name of the function app you created earlier.

az functionapp deployment source config --name <function_app> \
--resource-group myResourceGroup --branch master --manual-integration \
--repo-url https://github.com/Azure-Samples/function-image-upload-resize

The image resize function is triggered by HTTP requests sent to it from the Event Grid service. You tell Event Grid that you want to get these notifications at your function's URL by creating an event subscription. For this tutorial you subscribe to blob-created events.

The data passed to the function from the Event Grid notification includes the URL of the blob. That URL is in turn passed to the input binding to obtain the uploaded image from Blob storage. The function generates a thumbnail image and writes the resulting stream to a separate container in Blob storage.

This project uses EventGridTrigger for the trigger type. Using the Event Grid trigger is recommended over generic HTTP triggers. Event Grid automatically validates Event Grid Function triggers. With generic HTTP triggers, you must implement the validation response.

To learn more about this function, see the function.json and run.csx files.

The function project code is deployed directly from the public sample repository. To learn more about deployment options for Azure Functions, see Continuous deployment for Azure Functions.

Create an event subscription

An event subscription indicates which provider-generated events you want sent to a specific endpoint. In this case, the endpoint is exposed by your function. Use the following steps to create an event subscription that sends notifications to your function in the Azure portal:

  1. In the Azure portal, click the arrow at the bottom left to expand all services, type functions in the Filter field, and then choose Function Apps.

    Browse to Function Apps in the Azure portal

  2. Expand your function app, choose the imageresizerfunc function, and then select Add Event Grid subscription.

    Browse to Function Apps in the Azure portal

  3. Use the event subscription settings as specified in the table.

    Create event subscription from the function in the Azure portal

    Setting Suggested value Description
    Topic type Storage accounts Choose the Storage account event provider.
    Subscription Your Azure subscription By default, your current Azure subscription is selected.
    Resource group myResourceGroup Select Use existing and choose the resource group you have been using in this tutorial.
    Resource Your Blob storage account Choose the Blob storage account you created.
    Event types Blob created Uncheck all types other than Blob created. Only event types of Microsoft.Storage.BlobCreated are passed to the function.
    Subscriber type autogenerated Pre-defined as Web Hook.
    Subscriber endpoint autogenerated Use the endpoint URL that is generated for you.
    Name imageresizersub Name that identifies your new event subscription.
  4. Click Create to add the event subscription. This creates an event subscription that triggers imageresizerfunc when a blob is added to the images container. The function resizes the images and adds them to the thumbnails container.

Now that the backend services are configured, you test the image resize functionality in the sample web app.

Test the sample app

To test image resizing in the web app, browse to the URL of your published app. The default URL of the web app is https://<web_app>.azurewebsites.net.

Click the Upload photos region to select and upload a file. You can also drag a photo to this region.

Notice that after the uploaded image disappears, a copy of the uploaded image is displayed in the Generated thumbnails carousel. This image was resized by the function, added to the thumbnails container, and downloaded by the web client.

Published web app in Edge browser

Next steps

In this tutorial, you learned how to:

  • Create a general Azure Storage account
  • Deploy serverless code using Azure Functions
  • Create a Blob storage event subscription in Event Grid

Advance to part three of the Storage tutorial series to learn how to secure access to the storage account.