Azure Resource Graph sample queries for Azure Policy

This page is a collection of Azure Resource Graph sample queries for Azure Policy. For a complete list of Azure Resource Graph samples, see Resource Graph samples by Category and Resource Graph samples by Table.

Azure Policy

Compliance by policy assignment

Provides compliance state, compliance percentage, and counts of resources for each Azure Policy assignment.

PolicyResources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.PolicyInsights/PolicyStates'
| extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState)
| extend
	resourceId = tostring(properties.resourceId),
	policyAssignmentId = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentId),
	policyAssignmentScope = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentScope),
	policyAssignmentName = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentName),
	policyDefinitionId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionId),
	policyDefinitionReferenceId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionReferenceId),
	stateWeight = iff(complianceState == 'NonCompliant', int(300), iff(complianceState == 'Compliant', int(200), iff(complianceState == 'Conflict', int(100), iff(complianceState == 'Exempt', int(50), int(0)))))
| summarize max(stateWeight) by resourceId, policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, policyAssignmentName
| summarize counts = count() by policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, max_stateWeight, policyAssignmentName
| summarize overallStateWeight = max(max_stateWeight),
nonCompliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 300),
compliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 200),
conflictCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 100),
exemptCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 50) by policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, policyAssignmentName
| extend totalResources = todouble(nonCompliantCount + compliantCount + conflictCount + exemptCount)
| extend compliancePercentage = iff(totalResources == 0, todouble(100), 100 * todouble(compliantCount + exemptCount) / totalResources)
| project policyAssignmentName, scope = policyAssignmentScope,
complianceState = iff(overallStateWeight == 300, 'noncompliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 200, 'compliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 100, 'conflict', iff(overallStateWeight == 50, 'exempt', 'notstarted')))),
compliancePercentage,
compliantCount,
nonCompliantCount,
conflictCount,
exemptCount
az graph query -q "PolicyResources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.PolicyInsights/PolicyStates' | extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState) | extend resourceId = tostring(properties.resourceId), policyAssignmentId = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentId), policyAssignmentScope = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentScope), policyAssignmentName = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentName), policyDefinitionId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionId), policyDefinitionReferenceId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionReferenceId), stateWeight = iff(complianceState == 'NonCompliant', int(300), iff(complianceState == 'Compliant', int(200), iff(complianceState == 'Conflict', int(100), iff(complianceState == 'Exempt', int(50), int(0))))) | summarize max(stateWeight) by resourceId, policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, policyAssignmentName | summarize counts = count() by policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, max_stateWeight, policyAssignmentName | summarize overallStateWeight = max(max_stateWeight), nonCompliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 300), compliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 200), conflictCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 100), exemptCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 50) by policyAssignmentId, policyAssignmentScope, policyAssignmentName | extend totalResources = todouble(nonCompliantCount + compliantCount + conflictCount + exemptCount) | extend compliancePercentage = iff(totalResources == 0, todouble(100), 100 * todouble(compliantCount + exemptCount) / totalResources) | project policyAssignmentName, scope = policyAssignmentScope, complianceState = iff(overallStateWeight == 300, 'noncompliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 200, 'compliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 100, 'conflict', iff(overallStateWeight == 50, 'exempt', 'notstarted')))), compliancePercentage, compliantCount, nonCompliantCount, conflictCount, exemptCount"

Compliance by resource type

Provides compliance state, compliance percentage, and counts of resources for each resource type.

PolicyResources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.PolicyInsights/PolicyStates'
| extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState)
| extend
	resourceId = tostring(properties.resourceId),
	resourceType = tolower(tostring(properties.resourceType)),
	policyAssignmentId = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentId),
	policyDefinitionId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionId),
	policyDefinitionReferenceId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionReferenceId),
	stateWeight = iff(complianceState == 'NonCompliant', int(300), iff(complianceState == 'Compliant', int(200), iff(complianceState == 'Conflict', int(100), iff(complianceState == 'Exempt', int(50), int(0)))))
| summarize max(stateWeight) by resourceId, resourceType
| summarize counts = count() by resourceType, max_stateWeight
| summarize overallStateWeight = max(max_stateWeight),
nonCompliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 300),
compliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 200),
conflictCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 100),
exemptCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 50) by resourceType
| extend totalResources = todouble(nonCompliantCount + compliantCount + conflictCount + exemptCount)
| extend compliancePercentage = iff(totalResources == 0, todouble(100), 100 * todouble(compliantCount + exemptCount) / totalResources)
| project resourceType,
overAllComplianceState = iff(overallStateWeight == 300, 'noncompliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 200, 'compliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 100, 'conflict', iff(overallStateWeight == 50, 'exempt', 'notstarted')))),
compliancePercentage,
compliantCount,
nonCompliantCount,
conflictCount,
exemptCount
az graph query -q "PolicyResources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.PolicyInsights/PolicyStates' | extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState) | extend resourceId = tostring(properties.resourceId), resourceType = tolower(tostring(properties.resourceType)), policyAssignmentId = tostring(properties.policyAssignmentId), policyDefinitionId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionId), policyDefinitionReferenceId = tostring(properties.policyDefinitionReferenceId), stateWeight = iff(complianceState == 'NonCompliant', int(300), iff(complianceState == 'Compliant', int(200), iff(complianceState == 'Conflict', int(100), iff(complianceState == 'Exempt', int(50), int(0))))) | summarize max(stateWeight) by resourceId, resourceType | summarize counts = count() by resourceType, max_stateWeight | summarize overallStateWeight = max(max_stateWeight), nonCompliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 300), compliantCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 200), conflictCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 100), exemptCount = sumif(counts, max_stateWeight == 50) by resourceType | extend totalResources = todouble(nonCompliantCount + compliantCount + conflictCount + exemptCount) | extend compliancePercentage = iff(totalResources == 0, todouble(100), 100 * todouble(compliantCount + exemptCount) / totalResources) | project resourceType, overAllComplianceState = iff(overallStateWeight == 300, 'noncompliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 200, 'compliant', iff(overallStateWeight == 100, 'conflict', iff(overallStateWeight == 50, 'exempt', 'notstarted')))), compliancePercentage, compliantCount, nonCompliantCount, conflictCount, exemptCount"

List all non-compliant resources

Provides a list of all resources types that are in a NonCompliant state.

PolicyResources
| where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates'
| where properties.complianceState == 'NonCompliant'
az graph query -q "PolicyResources | where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates' | where properties.complianceState == 'NonCompliant'"

Summarize resource compliance by state

Details the number of resources in each compliance state.

PolicyResources
| where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates'
| extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState)
| summarize count() by complianceState
az graph query -q "PolicyResources | where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates' | extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState) | summarize count() by complianceState"

Summarize resource compliance by state per location

Details the number of resources in each compliance state per location.

PolicyResources
| where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates'
| extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState)
| extend resourceLocation = tostring(properties.resourceLocation)
| summarize count() by resourceLocation, complianceState
az graph query -q "PolicyResources | where type == 'microsoft.policyinsights/policystates' | extend complianceState = tostring(properties.complianceState) | extend resourceLocation = tostring(properties.resourceLocation) | summarize count() by resourceLocation, complianceState"

Azure Policy Guest Configuration

Count machines in scope of guest configuration policies

Displays the count of Azure virtual machines and Arc connected servers in scope for Azure Policy guest configuration assignments.

GuestConfigurationResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments'
| extend vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')
| mvexpand properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources
| where properties_latestAssignmentReport_resources.resourceId != 'Invalid assignment package.'
| project machine = tostring(vmid[(-1)]),type = tostring(vmid[(-3)])
| distinct machine, type
| summarize count() by type
az graph query -q "GuestConfigurationResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments' | extend vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/') | mvexpand properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources | where properties_latestAssignmentReport_resources.resourceId != 'Invalid assignment package.' | project machine = tostring(vmid[(-1)]),type = tostring(vmid[(-3)]) | distinct machine, type | summarize count() by type"

Count of non-compliant guest configuration assignments

Displays a count of non-compliant machines per guest configuration assignment reason. Limits results to first 100 for performance.

GuestConfigurationResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments'
| project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus)
| extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources)
| mvexpand resources
| extend reasons = resources.reasons
| extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons)
| mvexpand reasons
| project id, vmid, name, status, resource = tostring(resources.resourceId), reason = reasons.phrase
| summarize count() by resource, name
| order by count_
| limit 100
az graph query -q "GuestConfigurationResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments' | project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus) | extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources) | mvexpand resources | extend reasons = resources.reasons | extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons) | mvexpand reasons | project id, vmid, name, status, resource = tostring(resources.resourceId), reason = reasons.phrase | summarize count() by resource, name | order by count_ | limit 100"

Find all reasons a machine is non-compliant for guest configuration assignments

Display all guest configuration assignment reasons for a specific machine. Remove the first where clause to also include audits where the machine is compliant.

GuestConfigurationResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments'
| where properties.complianceStatus == 'NonCompliant'
| project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, machine = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus)
| extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources)
| mvexpand resources
| extend reasons = resources.reasons
| extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons)
| mvexpand reasons
| where machine == 'MACHINENAME'
| project id, machine, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase
az graph query -q "GuestConfigurationResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.guestconfiguration/guestconfigurationassignments' | where properties.complianceStatus == 'NonCompliant' | project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, machine = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus) | extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources) | mvexpand resources | extend reasons = resources.reasons | extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons) | mvexpand reasons | where machine == 'MACHINENAME' | project id, machine, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase"

List machines and status of pending reboot

Provides a list of machines with configuration details about whether they have a pending reboot.

GuestConfigurationResources
| where name in ('WindowsPendingReboot')
| project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/'), status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus)
| extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources)
| mvexpand resources
| extend reasons = resources.reasons
| extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons)
| mvexpand reasons
| project id, vmid, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase
| summarize name = any(name), status = any(status), vmid = any(vmid), resources = make_list_if(resource, isnotnull(resource)), reasons = make_list_if(reason, isnotnull(reason)) by id = tolower(id)
| project id, machine = tostring(vmid[(-1)]), type = tostring(vmid[(-3)]), name, status, reasons
az graph query -q "GuestConfigurationResources | where name in ('WindowsPendingReboot') | project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/'), status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus) | extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources) | mvexpand resources | extend reasons = resources.reasons | extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons) | mvexpand reasons | project id, vmid, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase | summarize name = any(name), status = any(status), vmid = any(vmid), resources = make_list_if(resource, isnotnull(resource)), reasons = make_list_if(reason, isnotnull(reason)) by id = tolower(id) | project id, machine = tostring(vmid[(-1)]), type = tostring(vmid[(-3)]), name, status, reasons"

List machines that are not running and the last compliance status

Provides a list of a machines that aren't powered on with their configuration assignments and the last reported compliance status.

Resources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines'
| where properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code != 'PowerState/running'
| project vmName = name, power = properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code
| join kind = leftouter (GuestConfigurationResources
	| extend vmName = tostring(split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)])
	| project vmName, name, compliance = properties.complianceStatus) on vmName | project-away vmName1
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines' | where properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code != 'PowerState/running' | project vmName = name, power = properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code | join kind = leftouter (GuestConfigurationResources | extend vmName = tostring(split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)]) | project vmName, name, compliance = properties.complianceStatus) on vmName | project-away vmName1"

Query details of guest configuration assignment reports

Display report from guest configuration assignment reason details. In the following example, the query returns only results where the Guest Assignment name is installed_application_linux and the output contains the string Chrome to list all Linux machines where a package is installed that includes the name Chrome.

GuestConfigurationResources
| where name in ('installed_application_linux')
| project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus)
| extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources)
| mvexpand resources
| extend reasons = resources.reasons
| extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons)
| mvexpand reasons
| where reasons.phrase contains 'chrome'
| project id, vmid, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase
az graph query -q "GuestConfigurationResources | where name in ('installed_application_linux') | project id, name, resources = properties.latestAssignmentReport.resources, vmid = split(properties.targetResourceId,'/')[(-1)], status = tostring(properties.complianceStatus) | extend resources = iff(isnull(resources[0]), dynamic([{}]), resources) | mvexpand resources | extend reasons = resources.reasons | extend reasons = iff(isnull(reasons[0]), dynamic([{}]), reasons) | mvexpand reasons | where reasons.phrase contains 'chrome' | project id, vmid, name, status, resource = resources.resourceId, reason = reasons.phrase"

Next steps