sample operator

Returns up to the specified number of random rows from the input table.

T | sample 5

Syntax

T | sample NumberOfRows

Arguments

  • NumberOfRows: The number of rows of T to return. You can specify any numeric expression.

Notes

sample is a non-deterministic operator, and will return different result set each time it is evaluated during the query. For example, the following query yields two different rows (even if one would expect to return the same row twice).

let _data = range x from 1 to 100 step 1;
let _sample = _data | sample 1;
union (_sample), (_sample)
x
83
3

In order to ensure that in example above _sample is calculated once, one can use materialize() function:

let _data = range x from 1 to 100 step 1;
let _sample = materialize(_data | sample 1);
union (_sample), (_sample)
x
34
34

Tips

  • if you want to sample a certain percentage of your data (rather than a specified number of rows), you can use
StormEvents | where rand() < 0.1
  • If you want to sample keys rather than rows (for example - sample 10 Ids and get all rows for these Ids) you can use sample-distinct in combination with the in operator.

Examples

let sampleEpisodes = StormEvents | sample-distinct 10 of EpisodeId;
StormEvents
| where EpisodeId in (sampleEpisodes)