Create switch statements that run workflow actions based on specific values in Azure Logic Apps

To run specific actions based on the values of objects, expressions, or tokens, add a switch statement. This structure evaluates the object, expression, or token, chooses the case that matches the result, and runs specific actions only for that case. When the switch statement runs, only one case should match the result.

For example, suppose you want a logic app that takes different steps based on an option selected in email. In this example, the logic app checks a website's RSS feed for new content. When a new item appears in the RSS feed, the logic app sends email to an approver. Based on whether the approver selects "Approve" or "Reject", the logic app follows different steps.

Tip

Like all programming languages, switch statements support only equality operators. If you need other relational operators, such as "greater than", use a conditional statement. To ensure deterministic execution behavior, cases must contain a unique and static value instead of dynamic tokens or expressions.

Prerequisites

  • An Azure subscription. If you don't have a subscription, sign up for a free Azure account.

  • To follow the example in this article, create this sample logic app with an Outlook.com or Office 365 Outlook account.

    1. When you add the action to send email, find and select this action instead: Send an approval email

      Select "Send an approval email"

    2. Provide the required fields, like the email address for the person who gets the approval email. Under User Options, enter "Approve, Reject".

      Enter email details

Add switch statement

  1. For this example, add a switch statement at the end your sample workflow. After the last step, choose New step.

    When you want to add a switch statement between steps, move the pointer over the arrow where you want to add the switch statement. Choose the plus sign (+) that appears, then choose Add an action.

  2. In the search box, enter "switch" as your filter. Select this action: Switch - Control

    Add switch

    A switch statement appears with one case and a default case. By default, a switch statement requires at least one case plus the default case.

    Empty default switch statement

  3. Click inside the On box so that the dynamic content list appears. From that list, select the SelectedOption field whose output determines the action to perform.

    Select "SelectedOption"

  4. To handle the cases where the approver selects Approve or Reject, add another case between Case and Default.

    Add another case

  5. Add these actions to the corresponding cases:

    Case # SelectedOption Action
    Case 1 Approve Add the Outlook Send an email action for sending details about the RSS item only when the approver selected Approve.
    Case 2 Reject Add the Outlook Send an email action for notifying other approvers that the RSS item was rejected.
    Default None No action necessary. In this example, the Default case is empty because SelectedOption has only two options.

    Finished switch statement

  6. Save your logic app.

    To manually test this example, choose Run until the logic app finds a new RSS item and sends an approval email. Select Approve to observe the results.

JSON definition

Now that you created a logic app using a switch statement, let's look at the high-level code definition behind the switch statement.

"Switch": {
   "type": "Switch",
   "expression": "@body('Send_approval_email')?['SelectedOption']",
   "cases": {
      "Case": {
         "actions": {
           "Send_an_email": {}
         },
         "case" : "Approve"
      },
      "Case_2": {
         "actions": {
           "Send_an_email_2": {}
         },
         "case": "Reject"
      }
   },
   "default": {
      "actions": {}
   },
   "runAfter": {
      "Send_approval_email": [
         "Succeeded"
      ]
   }
}
Label Description
"Switch" The name of the switch statement, which you can rename for readability
"type": "Switch" Specifies that the action is a switch statement
"expression" In this example, specifies the approver's selected option that's evaluated against each case as declared later in the definition
"cases" Defines any number of cases. For each case, "Case_*" is the default name for that case, which you can rename for readability
"case" Specifies the case's value, which must be a constant and unique value that the switch statement uses for comparison. If no cases match the switch expression result, the actions in the "default" section are run.

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Next steps