Connectivity architecture in Azure Database for MySQL

This article explains the Azure Database for MySQL connectivity architecture as well as how the traffic is directed to your Azure Database for MySQL instance from clients both within and outside Azure.

Connectivity architecture

Connection to your Azure Database for MySQL is established through a gateway that is responsible for routing incoming connections to the physical location of your server in our clusters. The following diagram illustrates the traffic flow.

Overview of the connectivity architecture

As client connect to the database, they get a connection string which connects to the gateway. This gateway has a public IP address that listens to port 3306. Inside the database cluster, traffic is forwarded to appropriate Azure Database for MySQL. Therefore, in order to connect to your server, such as from corporate networks, it is necessary to open up the client side firewall to allow outbound traffic to be able to reach our gateways. Below you can find a complete list of the IP addresses used by our gateways per region.

Azure Database for MySQL gateway IP addresses

The following table lists the primary and secondary IPs of the Azure Database for MySQL gateway for all data regions. The primary IP address is the current IP address of the gateway and the second IP address is a failover IP address in case of failure of the primary. As mentioned, customers should allow outbound to both the IP addresses. The second IP address does not listen in on any services until it is activated by Azure Database for MySQL to accept connections.

Region Name Primary IP Address Secondary IP Address
Australia East 13.75.149.87 40.79.161.1
Australia South East 191.239.192.109 13.73.109.251
Brazil South 104.41.11.5
Canada Central 40.85.224.249
Canada East 40.86.226.166
Central US 23.99.160.139 13.67.215.62
China East 1 139.219.130.35
China East 2 40.73.82.1
China North 1 139.219.15.17
China North 2 40.73.50.0
East Asia 191.234.2.139 52.175.33.150
East US 1 191.238.6.43 40.121.158.30
East US 2 191.239.224.107 40.79.84.180 *
France Central 40.79.137.0 40.79.129.1
Germany Central 51.4.144.100
India Central 104.211.96.159
India South 104.211.224.146
India West 104.211.160.80
Japan East 191.237.240.43 13.78.61.196
Japan West 191.238.68.11 104.214.148.156
Korea Central 52.231.32.42
Korea South 52.231.200.86
North Central US 23.98.55.75 23.96.178.199
North Europe 191.235.193.75 40.113.93.91
South Central US 23.98.162.75 13.66.62.124
South East Asia 23.100.117.95 104.43.15.0
UK South 51.140.184.11
UK West 51.141.8.11
West Europe 191.237.232.75 40.68.37.158
West US 1 23.99.34.75 104.42.238.205
West US 2 13.66.226.202

Note

East US 2 has also a tertiary IP address of 52.167.104.0.

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