Manage your Azure Search service with PowerShell

You can run PowerShell cmdlets and scripts on Windows, Linux, or in Azure Cloud Shell to create and configure Azure Search. The Az.Search module extends Azure PowerShell] with full parity to the Azure Search Management REST APIs. With Azure PowerShell and Az.Search, you can perform the following tasks:

PowerShell cannot be used to change the name, region, or tier of your service. Dedicated resources are allocated when a service is created. Changing the underlying hardware (location or node type) requires a new service. There are no tools or APIs for transferring content from one service to another. All content management is through REST or .NET APIs, and if you want to move indexes, you will need to recreate and reload them on a new service.

While there are no dedicated PowerShell commands for content management, you can write PowerShell script that calls REST or .NET to create and load indexes. The Az.Search module by itself does not provide these operations.

Other tasks not supported through PowerShell or any other API (portal-only) include:

Check versions and load modules

The examples in this article are interactive and require elevated permissions. Azure PowerShell (the Az module) must be installed. For more information, see Install Azure PowerShell.

PowerShell version check (5.1 or later)

Local PowerShell must be 5.1 or later, on any supported operating system.

$PSVersionTable.PSVersion

Load Azure PowerShell

If you aren't sure whether Az is installed, run the following command as a verification step.

Get-InstalledModule -Name Az

Some systems do not auto-load modules. If you get an error on the previous command, try loading the module, and if that fails, go back to the installation instructions to see if you missed a step.

Import-Module -Name Az

Connect to Azure with a browser sign-in token

You can use your portal sign-in credentials to connect to a subscription in PowerShell. Alternatively you can authenticate non-interactively with a service principal.

Connect-AzAccount

If you hold multiple Azure subscriptions, set your Azure subscription. To see a list of your current subscriptions, run this command.

Get-AzSubscription | sort SubscriptionName | Select SubscriptionName

To specify the subscription, run the following command. In the following example, the subscription name is ContosoSubscription.

Select-AzSubscription -SubscriptionName ContosoSubscription

List all Azure Search services in your subscription

The following commands are from Az.Resources, returning information about existing resources and services already provisioned in your subscription. If you don't know how many search services are already created, these commands return that information, saving you a trip to the portal.

The first command returns all search services.

Get-AzResource -ResourceType Microsoft.Search/searchServices | ft

From the list of services, return information about a specific resource.

Get-AzResource -ResourceName <service-name>

Results should look similar to the following output.

Name              : my-demo-searchapp
ResourceGroupName : demo-westus
ResourceType      : Microsoft.Search/searchServices
Location          : westus
ResourceId        : /subscriptions/<alpha-numeric-subscription-ID>/resourceGroups/demo-westus/providers/Microsoft.Search/searchServices/my-demo-searchapp

Import Az.Search

Commands from Az.Search are not available until you load the module.

Install-Module -Name Az.Search

List all Az.Search commands

As a verification step, return a list of commands provided in the module.

Get-Command -Module Az.Search

Results should look similar to the following output.

CommandType     Name                                Version    Source
-----------     ----                                -------    ------
Cmdlet          Get-AzSearchAdminKeyPair            0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          Get-AzSearchQueryKey                0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          Get-AzSearchService                 0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          New-AzSearchAdminKey                0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          New-AzSearchQueryKey                0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          New-AzSearchService                 0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          Remove-AzSearchQueryKey             0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          Remove-AzSearchService              0.7.1      Az.Search
Cmdlet          Set-AzSearchService                 0.7.1      Az.Search

Get search service information

After Az.Search is imported and you know the resource group containing your search service, run Get-AzSearchService to return the service definition, including name, region, tier, and replica and partition counts.

Get-AzSearchService -ResourceGroupName <resource-group-name>

Results should look similar to the following output.

Name              : my-demo-searchapp
ResourceGroupName : demo-westus
ResourceType      : Microsoft.Search/searchServices
Location          : West US
Sku               : Standard
ReplicaCount      : 1
PartitionCount    : 1
HostingMode       : Default
ResourceId        : /subscriptions/<alphanumeric-subscription-ID>/resourceGroups/demo-westus/providers/Microsoft.Search/searchServices/my-demo-searchapp

Create or delete a service

New-AzSearchService is used to create a new search service.

New-AzSearchService -ResourceGroupName "demo-westus" -Name "my-demo-searchapp" -Sku "Standard" -Location "West US" -PartitionCount 3 -ReplicaCount 3

Results should look similar to the following output.

ResourceGroupName : demo-westus
Name              : my-demo-searchapp
Id                : /subscriptions/<alphanumeric-subscription-ID>/demo-westus/providers/Microsoft.Search/searchServices/my-demo-searchapp
Location          : West US
Sku               : Standard
ReplicaCount      : 3
PartitionCount    : 3
HostingMode       : Default
Tags

Regenerate admin keys

New-AzSearchAdminKey is used to roll over admin API keys. Two admin keys are created with each service for authenticated access. Keys are required on every request. Both admin keys are functionally equivalent, granting full write access to a search service with the ability to retrieve any information, or create and delete any object. Two keys exist so that you can use one while replacing the other.

You can only regenerate one at a time, specified as either the primary or secondary key. For uninterrupted service, remember to update all client code to use a secondary key while rolling over the primary key. Avoid changing the keys while operations are in flight.

As you might expect, if you regenerate keys without updating client code, requests using the old key will fail. Regenerating all new keys does not permanently lock you out of your service, and you can still access the service through the portal. After you regenerate primary and secondary keys, you can update client code to use the new keys and operations will resume accordingly.

Values for the API keys are generated by the service. You cannot provide a custom key for Azure Search to use. Similarly, there is no user-defined name for admin API-keys. References to the key are fixed strings, either primary or secondary.

New-AzSearchAdminKey -ResourceGroupName <resource-group-name> -ServiceName <search-service-name> -KeyKind Primary

Results should look similar to the following output. Both keys are returned even though you only change one at a time.

Primary                    Secondary
-------                    ---------
<alphanumeric-guid>        <alphanumeric-guid>  

Create or delete query keys

New-AzSearchQueryKey is used to create query API keys for read-only access from client apps to an Azure Search index. Query keys are used to authenticate to a specific index for the purpose of retrieving search results. Query keys do not grant read-only access to other items on the service, such as an index, data source, or indexer.

You cannot provide a key for Azure Search to use. API keys are generated by the service.

New-AzSearchQueryKey -ResourceGroupName <resource-group-name> -ServiceName <search-service-name> -Name <query-key-name> 

Scale replicas and partitions

Set-AzSearchService is used to increase or decrease replicas and partitions to readjust billable resources within your service. Increasing replicas or partitions adds to your bill, which has both fixed and variable charges. If you have a temporary need for additional processing power, you can increase replicas and partitions to handle the workload. The monitoring area in the Overview portal page has tiles on query latency, queries per second, and throttling, indicating whether current capacity is adequate.

It can take a while to add or remove resourcing. Adjustments to capacity occur in the background, allowing existing workloads to continue. Additional capacity is used for incoming requests as soon as it's ready, with no additional configuration required.

Removing capacity can be disruptive. Stopping all indexing and indexer jobs prior to reducing capacity is recommended to avoid dropped requests. If that isn't feasible, you might consider reducing capacity incrementally, one replica and partition at a time, until your new target levels are reached.

Once you submit the command, there is no way to terminate it midway through. You will have to wait until the command is finished before revising the counts.

Set-AzSearchService -ResourceGroupName <resource-group-name> -Name <search-service-name> -PartitionCount 6 -ReplicaCount 6

Results should look similar to the following output.

ResourceGroupName : demo-westus
Name              : my-demo-searchapp
Location          : West US
Sku               : Standard
ReplicaCount      : 6
PartitionCount    : 6
HostingMode       : Default
Id                : /subscriptions/65a1016d-0f67-45d2-b838-b8f373d6d52e/resourceGroups/demo-westus/providers/Microsoft.Search/searchServices/my-demo-searchapp

Next steps

Build an index, query an index using the portal, REST APIs, or the .NET SDK.