Investigate incidents with Microsoft Sentinel


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This article helps you investigate incidents with Microsoft Sentinel. After you connected your data sources to Microsoft Sentinel, you want to be notified when something suspicious happens. To enable you to do this, Microsoft Sentinel lets you create advanced alert rules, that generate incidents that you can assign and investigate.

This article covers:

  • Investigate incidents
  • Use the investigation graph
  • Respond to threats

An incident can include multiple alerts. It's an aggregation of all the relevant evidence for a specific investigation. An incident is created based on analytics rules that you created in the Analytics page. The properties related to the alerts, such as severity and status, are set at the incident level. After you let Microsoft Sentinel know what kinds of threats you're looking for and how to find them, you can monitor detected threats by investigating incidents.


  • You'll only be able to investigate the incident if you used the entity mapping fields when you set up your analytics rule. The investigation graph requires that your original incident includes entities.

  • If you have a guest user that needs to assign incidents, the user must be assigned the Directory Reader role in your Azure AD tenant. Regular (non-guest) users have this role assigned by default.

How to investigate incidents

  1. Select Incidents. The Incidents page lets you know how many incidents you have, how many are open, how many you've set to In progress, and how many are closed. For each incident, you can see the time it occurred, and the status of the incident. Look at the severity to decide which incidents to handle first.

    View incident severity

  2. You can filter the incidents as needed, for example by status or severity. For more information, see Search for incidents.

  3. To begin an investigation, select a specific incident. On the right, you can see detailed information for the incident including its severity, summary of the number of entities involved, the raw events that triggered this incident, and the incident’s unique ID.

  4. To view more details about the alerts and entities in the incident, select View full details in the incident page and review the relevant tabs that summarize the incident information.

    View alert details

    For example:

    • In the Timeline tab, review the timeline of alerts and bookmarks in the incident, which can help you reconstruct the timeline of attacker activity.
    • In the Alerts tab, review the alert itself. You can see all relevant information about the alert – the query that triggered the alert, the number of results returned per query, and the ability to run playbooks on the alerts. To drill down even further into the incident, select the number of Events. This opens the query that generated the results and the events that triggered the alert in Log Analytics.
    • In the Entities tab, you can see all the entities that you mapped as part of the alert rule definition.
  5. If you're actively investigating an incident, it's a good idea to set the incident's status to In progress until you close it.

  6. Incidents can be assigned to a specific user. For each incident you can assign an owner, by setting the Incident owner field. All incidents start as unassigned. You can also add comments so that other analysts will be able to understand what you investigated and what your concerns are around the incident.

    Assign incident to user

  7. Select Investigate to view the investigation map.

Use the investigation graph to deep dive

The investigation graph enables analysts to ask the right questions for each investigation. The investigation graph helps you understand the scope, and identify the root cause, of a potential security threat by correlating relevant data with any involved entity. You can dive deeper and investigate any entity presented in the graph by selecting it and choosing between different expansion options.

The investigation graph provides you with:

  • Visual context from raw data: The live, visual graph displays entity relationships extracted automatically from the raw data. This enables you to easily see connections across different data sources.

  • Full investigation scope discovery: Expand your investigation scope using built-in exploration queries to surface the full scope of a breach.

  • Built-in investigation steps: Use predefined exploration options to make sure you are asking the right questions in the face of a threat.

To use the investigation graph:

  1. Select an incident, then select Investigate. This takes you to the investigation graph. The graph provides an illustrative map of the entities directly connected to the alert and each resource connected further.

    View map.


    • You'll only be able to investigate the incident if you used the entity mapping fields when you set up your analytics rule. The investigation graph requires that your original incident includes entities.

    • Microsoft Sentinel currently supports investigation of incidents up to 30 days old.

  2. Select an entity to open the Entities pane so you can review information on that entity.

    View entities in map

  3. Expand your investigation by hovering over each entity to reveal a list of questions that was designed by our security experts and analysts per entity type to deepen your investigation. We call these options exploration queries.

    Explore more details

    For example, on a computer you can request related alerts. If you select an exploration query, the resulting entitles are added back to the graph. In this example, selecting Related alerts returned the following alerts into the graph:

    View related alerts

  4. For each exploration query, you can select the option to open the raw event results and the query used in Log Analytics, by selecting Events>.

  5. In order to understand the incident, the graph gives you a parallel timeline.

    View timeline in map

  6. Hover over the timeline to see which things on the graph occurred at what point in time.

    Use timeline in map to investigate alerts

Closing an incident

Once you have resolved a particular incident (for example, when your investigation has reached its conclusion), you should set the incident’s status to Closed. When you do so, you will be asked to classify the incident by specifying the reason you are closing it. This step is mandatory. Click Select classification and choose one of the following from the drop-down list:

  • True Positive - suspicious activity
  • Benign Positive - suspicious but expected
  • False Positive - incorrect alert logic
  • False Positive - incorrect data
  • Undetermined

Screenshot that highlights the classifications available in the Select classification list.

For more information about false positives and benign positives, see Handle false positives in Microsoft Sentinel.

After choosing the appropriate classification, add some descriptive text in the Comment field. This will be useful in the event you need to refer back to this incident. Click Apply when you’re done, and the incident will be closed.


Search for incidents

To find a specific incident quickly, enter a search string in the search box above the incidents grid and press Enter to modify the list of incidents shown accordingly. If your incident isn't included in the results, you may want to narrow your search by using Advanced search options.

To modify the search parameters, select the Search button and then select the parameters where you want to run your search.

For example:

Screenshot of the incident search box and button to select basic and/or advanced search options.

By default, incident searches run across the Incident ID, Title, Tags, Owner, and Product name values only. In the search pane, scroll down the list to select one or more other parameters to search, and select Apply to update the search parameters. Select Set to default reset the selected parameters to the default option.


Searches in the Owner field support both names and email addresses.

Using advanced search options changes the search behavior as follows:

Search behavior Description
Search button color The color of the search button changes, depending on the types of parameters currently being used in the search.

- As long as only the default parameters are selected, the button is grey.
- As soon as different parameters are selected, such as advanced search parameters, the button turns blue.
Auto-refresh Using advanced search parameters prevents you from selecting to automatically refresh your results.
Entity parameters All entity parameters are supported for advanced searches. When searching in any entity parameter, the search runs in all entity parameters.
Search strings Searching for a string of words includes all of the words in the search query. Search strings are case sensitive.
Cross workspace support Advanced searches are not supported for cross-workspace views.
Number of search results displayed When you're using advanced search parameters, only 50 results are shown at a time.


If you're unable to find the incident you're looking for, remove search parameters to expand your search. If your search results in too many items, add more filters to narrow down your results.

Next steps

In this article, you learned how to get started investigating incidents using Microsoft Sentinel. For more information, see: