Tutorial: deploy an application with CI/CD to a Service Fabric cluster
This tutorial is part four of a series and describes how to set up continuous integration and deployment for an Azure Service Fabric application using Visual Studio Team Services. An existing Service Fabric application is needed, the application created in Build a .NET application is used as an example.
In part three of the series, you learn how to:
- Add source control to your project
- Create a build definition in Team Services
- Create a release definition in Team Services
- Automatically deploy and upgrade an application
In this tutorial series you learn how to:
- Build a .NET Service Fabric application
- Deploy the application to a remote cluster
- Add an HTTPS endpoint to an ASP.NET Core front-end service
- Configure CI/CD using Visual Studio Team Services
- Set up monitoring and diagnostics for the application
Before you begin this tutorial:
- If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account
- Install Visual Studio 2017 and install the Azure development and ASP.NET and web development workloads.
- Install the Service Fabric SDK
- Create a Windows Service Fabric cluster on Azure, for example by following this tutorial
- Create a Team Services account.
Download the Voting sample application
If you did not build the Voting sample application in part one of this tutorial series, you can download it. In a command window, run the following command to clone the sample app repository to your local machine.
git clone https://github.com/Azure-Samples/service-fabric-dotnet-quickstart
Prepare a publish profile
Now that you've created an application and have deployed the application to Azure, you're ready to set up continuous integration. First, prepare a publish profile within your application for use by the deployment process that executes within Team Services. The publish profile should be configured to target the cluster that you've previously created. Start Visual Studio and open an existing Service Fabric application project. In Solution Explorer, right-click the application and select Publish....
Choose a target profile within your application project to use for your continuous integration workflow, for example Cloud. Specify the cluster connection endpoint. Check the Upgrade the Application checkbox so that your application upgrades for each deployment in Team Services. Click the Save hyperlink to save the settings to the publish profile and then click Cancel to close the dialog box.
Share your Visual Studio solution to a new Team Services Git repo
Share your application source files to a team project in Team Services so you can generate builds.
Create a new local Git repo for your project by selecting Add to Source Control -> Git on the status bar in the lower right-hand corner of Visual Studio.
In the Push view in Team Explorer, select the Publish Git Repo button under Push to Visual Studio Team Services.
Verify your email and select your account in the Team Services Domain drop-down. Enter your repository name and select Publish repository.
Publishing the repo creates a new team project in your account with the same name as the local repo. To create the repo in an existing team project, click Advanced next to Repository name and select a team project. You can view your code on the web by selecting See it on the web.
Configure Continuous Delivery with VSTS
A Team Services build definition describes a workflow that is composed of a set of build steps that are executed sequentially. Create a build definition that that produces a Service Fabric application package, and other artifacts, to deploy to a Service Fabric cluster. Learn more about Team Services build definitions.
A Team Services release definition describes a workflow that deploys an application package to a cluster. When used together, the build definition and release definition execute the entire workflow starting with source files to ending with a running application in your cluster. Learn more about Team Services release definitions.
Create a build definition
Open a web browser and navigate to your new team project at: https://<myaccount>.visualstudio.com/Voting/Voting%20Team/_git/Voting.
Select the Build & Release tab, then Builds, then + New definition. In Select a template, select the Azure Service Fabric Application template and click Apply.
In Tasks, enter "Hosted VS2017" as the Agent queue.
Under Triggers, enable continuous integration by setting Trigger status. Select Save and queue to manually start a build.
Builds also trigger upon push or check-in. To check your build progress, switch to the Builds tab. Once you verify that the build executes successfully, define a release definition that deploys your application to a cluster.
Create a release definition
Select the Build & Release tab, then Releases, then + New definition. In Select a template, select the Azure Service Fabric Deployment template from the list and then Apply.
Select Tasks->Environment 1 and then +New to add a new cluster connection.
In the Add new Service Fabric Connection view select Certificate Based or Azure Active Directory authentication. Specify a connection name of "mysftestcluster" and a cluster endpoint of "tcp://mysftestcluster.southcentralus.cloudapp.azure.com:19000" (or the endpoint of the cluster you are deploying to).
For certificate based authentication, add the Server certificate thumbprint of the server certificate used to create the cluster. In Client certificate, add the base-64 encoding of the client certificate file. See the help pop-up on that field for info on how to get that base-64 encoded representation of the certificate. Also add the Password for the certificate. You can use the cluster or server certificate if you don't have a separate client certificate.
For Azure Active Directory credentials, add the Server certificate thumbprint of the server certificate used to create the cluster and the credentials you want to use to connect to the cluster in the Username and Password fields.
Click Add to save the cluster connection.
Next, add a build artifact to the pipeline so the release definition can find the output from the build. Select Pipeline and Artifacts->+Add. In Source (Build definition), select the build definition you created previously. Click Add to save the build artifact.
Enable a continuous deployment trigger so that a release is automatically created when the build completes. Click the lightning icon in the artifact, enable the trigger, and click Save to save the release definition.
Select +Release -> Create Release -> Create to manually create a release. Verify that the deployment succeeded and the application is running in the cluster. Open a web browser and navigate to http://mysftestcluster.southcentralus.cloudapp.azure.com:19080/Explorer/. Note the application version, in this example it is "22.214.171.12470616.3".
Commit and push changes, trigger a release
To verify that the continuous integration pipeline is functioning by checking in some code changes to Team Services.
As you write your code, your changes are automatically tracked by Visual Studio. Commit changes to your local Git repository by selecting the pending changes icon () from the status bar in the bottom right.
On the Changes view in Team Explorer, add a message describing your update and commit your changes.
Select the unpublished changes status bar icon () or the Sync view in Team Explorer. Select Push to update your code in Team Services/TFS.
Pushing the changes to Team Services automatically triggers a build. When the build definition successfully completes, a release is automatically created and starts upgrading the application on the cluster.
To check your build progress, switch to the Builds tab in Team Explorer in Visual Studio. Once you verify that the build executes successfully, define a release definition that deploys your application to a cluster.
Verify that the deployment succeeded and the application is running in the cluster. Open a web browser and navigate to http://mysftestcluster.southcentralus.cloudapp.azure.com:19080/Explorer/. Note the application version, in this example it is "126.96.36.19970815.3".
Update the application
Make code changes in the application. Save and commit the changes, following the previous steps.
Once the upgrade of the application begins, you can watch the upgrade progress in Service Fabric Explorer:
The application upgrade may take several minutes. When the upgrade is complete, the application will be running the next version. In this example "188.8.131.5270815.4".
In this tutorial, you learned how to:
- Add source control to your project
- Create a build definition
- Create a release definition
- Automatically deploy and upgrade an application
Advance to the next tutorial: