Quickstart: Create and query an Azure SQL data warehouse with Azure PowerShell

Quickly create an Azure SQL data warehouse using Azure PowerShell.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

This tutorial requires Azure PowerShell module version 5.1.1 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable AzureRM to find the version you have currently. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module.


Creating a SQL Data Warehouse may result in a new billable service. For more information, see SQL Data Warehouse pricing.

Log in to Azure

Log in to your Azure subscription using the Add-AzureRmAccount command and follow the on-screen directions.


To see which subscription you are using, run Get-AzureRmSubscription.


If you need to use a different subscription than the default, run Select-AzureRmSubscription.

Select-AzureRmSubscription -SubscriptionName "MySubscription"

Create variables

Define variables for use in the scripts in this quickstart.

# The data center and resource name for your resources
$resourcegroupname = "myResourceGroup"
$location = "WestEurope"
# The logical server name: Use a random value or replace with your own value (do not capitalize)
$servername = "server-$(Get-Random)"
# Set an admin login and password for your database
# The login information for the server
$adminlogin = "ServerAdmin"
$password = "ChangeYourAdminPassword1"
# The ip address range that you want to allow to access your server - change as appropriate
$startip = ""
$endip = ""
# The database name
$databasename = "mySampleDataWarehosue"

Create a resource group

Create an Azure resource group using the New-AzureRmResourceGroup command. A resource group is a logical container into which Azure resources are deployed and managed as a group. The following example creates a resource group named myResourceGroup in the westeurope location.

New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name $resourcegroupname -Location $location

Create a logical server

Create an Azure SQL logical server using the New-AzureRmSqlServer command. A logical server contains a group of databases managed as a group. The following example creates a randomly named server in your resource group with an admin login named ServerAdmin and a password of ChangeYourAdminPassword1. Replace these pre-defined values as desired.

New-AzureRmSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -Location $location `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminlogin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))

Configure a server firewall rule

Create an Azure SQL server-level firewall rule using the New-AzureRmSqlServerFirewallRule command. A server-level firewall rule allows an external application, such as SQL Server Management Studio or the SQLCMD utility to connect to a SQL data warehouse through the SQL Data Warehouse service firewall. In the following example, the firewall is only opened for other Azure resources. To enable external connectivity, change the IP address to an appropriate address for your environment. To open all IP addresses, use as the starting IP address and as the ending address.

New-AzureRmSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowSome" -StartIpAddress $startip -EndIpAddress $endip


SQL Database and SQL Data Warehouse communicate over port 1433. If you are trying to connect from within a corporate network, outbound traffic over port 1433 may not be allowed by your network's firewall. If so, you will not be able to connect to your Azure SQL server unless your IT department opens port 1433.

Create a data warehouse with sample data

This example creates a data warehouse using the previously defined variables. It specifies the service objective as DW400, which is a lower-cost starting point for your data warehouse.

New-AzureRmSqlDatabase `
    -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename `
    -Edition "DataWarehouse" `
    -RequestedServiceObjectiveName "DW400" `
    -CollationName "SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS" `
    -MaxSizeBytes 10995116277760

Required Parameters are:

  • RequestedServiceObjectiveName: The amount of data warehouse units you are requesting. Increasing this amount increases compute cost. For a list of supported values, see memory and concurrency limits.
  • DatabaseName: The name of the SQL Data Warehouse that you are creating.
  • ServerName: The name of the server that you are using for creation.
  • ResourceGroupName: Resource group you are using. To find available resource groups in your subscription use Get-AzureResource.
  • Edition: Must be "DataWarehouse" to create a SQL Data Warehouse.

Optional Parameters are:

  • CollationName: The default collation if not specified is SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS. Collation cannot be changed on a database.
  • MaxSizeBytes: The default max size of a database is 10 GB.

For more information on the parameter options, see New-AzureRmSqlDatabase.

Clean up resources

Other quickstart tutorials in this collection build upon this quickstart.


If you plan to continue on to work with subsequent quickstart tutorials, do not clean up the resources created in this quickstart. If you do not plan to continue, use the following steps to delete all resources created by this quickstart in the Azure portal.

Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Next steps

You have now created a data warehouse, created a firewall rule, connected to your data warehouse, and run a few queries. To learn more about Azure SQL Data Warehouse, continue to the tutorial for loading data.