Use PowerShell to configure SQL Database auditing and threat detection

This PowerShell script example configures SQL Database auditing and threat detection.

This sample requires the Azure PowerShell module version 4.0 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable AzureRM to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module.

Run Login-AzureRmAccount to create a connection with Azure.

Sample script

# Login-AzureRmAccount
# Set the resource group name and location for your server
$resourcegroupname = "myResourceGroup-$(Get-Random)"
$location = "southcentralus"
# Set an admin login and password for your server
$adminlogin = "ServerAdmin"
$password = "ChangeYourAdminPassword1"
# The logical server name has to be unique in the system
$servername = "server-$(Get-Random)"
# The sample database name
$databasename = "mySampleDatabase"
# The ip address range that you want to allow to access your server
$startip = "0.0.0.0"
$endip = "0.0.0.0"
# The storage account name has to be unique in the system
$storageaccountname = $("sql$(Get-Random)")
# Specify the email recipients for the threat detection alerts
$notificationemailreceipient = "changeto@your.email;changeto@your.email"

# Create a new resource group
$resourcegroup = New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name $resourcegroupname -Location $location

# Create a new server with a system wide unique server name
$server = New-AzureRmSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -Location $location `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminlogin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))

# Create a server firewall rule that allows access from the specified IP range
$serverfirewallrule = New-AzureRmSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowedIPs" -StartIpAddress $startip -EndIpAddress $endip

# Create a blank database with S0 performance level
$database = New-AzureRmSqlDatabase  -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename -RequestedServiceObjectiveName "S0"
    
# Create a Storage Account 
$storageaccount = New-AzureRmStorageAccount -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -AccountName $storageaccountname `
    -Location $location `
    -Type "Standard_LRS"

# Set an auditing policy
Set-AzureRmSqlDatabaseAuditing -State Enabled `
    -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename `
    -StorageAccountName $storageaccountname 

# Set a threat detection policy
Set-AzureRmSqlDatabaseThreatDetectionPolicy -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename `
    -StorageAccountName $storageaccountname `
    -NotificationRecipientsEmails $notificationemailreceipient `
    -EmailAdmins $False

# Clean up deployment 
# Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Clean up deployment

After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
New-AzureRmResourceGroup Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzureRmSqlServer Creates a logical server that hosts a database or elastic pool.
New-AzureRmSqlDatabase Creates a database in a logical server as a single or a pooled database.
New-AzureRmStorageAccount Creates a Storage account.
Set-AzureRmSqlDatabaseAuditingPolicy Sets the auditing policy for a database.
Set-AzureRmSqlDatabaseThreatDetectionPolicy Sets a threat detection policy on a database.
Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

Additional SQL Database PowerShell script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database PowerShell scripts.