Use PowerShell to monitor and scale a single SQL database

This PowerShell script example monitors the performance metrics of a database, scales it to a higher performance level, and creates an alert rule on one of the performance metrics.

This sample requires the Azure PowerShell module version 5.1.1 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable AzureRM to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module.

Run Connect-AzureRmAccount to create a connection with Azure.

Sample script

# Login-AzureRmAccount
# Set the resource group name and location for your server
$resourcegroupname = "myResourceGroup-$(Get-Random)"
$location = "southcentralus"
# Set an admin login and password for your server
$adminlogin = "ServerAdmin"
$password = "ChangeYourAdminPassword1"
# The logical server name has to be unique in the system
$servername = "server-$(Get-Random)"
# The sample database name
$databasename = "mySampleDatabase"
# The ip address range that you want to allow to access your server
$startip = ""
$endip = ""

# Create a new resource group
$resourcegroup = New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name $resourcegroupname -Location $location

# Create a new server with a system wide unique server name
$server = New-AzureRmSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -Location $location `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminlogin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))

# Create a server firewall rule that allows access from the specified IP range
$serverfirewallrule = New-AzureRmSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowedIPs" -StartIpAddress $startip -EndIpAddress $endip

# Create a blank database with S0 performance level
$database = New-AzureRmSqlDatabase  -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename -RequestedServiceObjectiveName "S0"

# Monitor the DTU consumption on the imported database in 5 minute intervals
$MonitorParameters = @{
  ResourceId = "/subscriptions/$($(Get-AzureRMContext).Subscription.Id)/resourceGroups/$resourcegroupname/providers/Microsoft.Sql/servers/$servername/databases/$databasename"
  TimeGrain = [TimeSpan]::Parse("00:05:00")
  MetricNames = "dtu_consumption_percent"
(Get-AzureRmMetric @MonitorParameters -DetailedOutput).MetricValues

# Scale the database performance to Standard S1
$database = Set-AzureRmSqlDatabase -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $databasename `
    -Edition "Standard" `
    -RequestedServiceObjectiveName "S1"

# Set an alert rule to automatically monitor DTU in the future
Add-AzureRMMetricAlertRule -ResourceGroup $resourcegroupname `
    -Name "MySampleAlertRule" `
    -Location $location `
    -TargetResourceId "/subscriptions/$($(Get-AzureRMContext).Subscription.Id)/resourceGroups/$resourcegroupname/providers/Microsoft.Sql/servers/$servername/databases/$databasename" `
    -MetricName "dtu_consumption_percent" `
    -Operator "GreaterThan" `
    -Threshold 90 `
    -WindowSize $([TimeSpan]::Parse("00:05:00")) `
    -TimeAggregationOperator "Average" `
    -Actions $(New-AzureRmAlertRuleEmail -SendToServiceOwners)

# Clean up deployment 
# Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname


Use Get-AzureRmSqlDatabaseActivity to get the status of database operations and use Stop-AzureRmSqlDatabaseActivity to cancels an update operation on the database.

Clean up deployment

After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
New-AzureRmResourceGroup Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzureRmSqlServer Creates a logical server that hosts a database or elastic pool.
Get-AzureRmMetric Shows the size usage information for the database.
Set-AzureRmSqlDatabase Updates database properties or moves a database into, out of, or between elastic pools.
Add-AzureRMMetricAlertRule Sets an alert rule to automatically monitor DTUs in the future.
Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

Additional SQL Database PowerShell script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database PowerShell scripts.