Monitor and scale a SQL Database elastic pool using PowerShell

This sample PowerShell script monitors the performance metrics of an elastic pool, scales it to a higher performance level, and creates an alert rule on one of the performance metrics.

This sample requires the Azure PowerShell module version 4.0 or later. Run Get-Module -ListAvailable AzureRM to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module.

Run Login-AzureRmAccount to create a connection with Azure.

Sample script

# Login-AzureRmAccount
# Set the resource group name and location for your server
$resourcegroupname = "myResourceGroup-$(Get-Random)"
$location = "southcentralus"
# Set elastic poool names
$poolname = "MySamplePool"
# Set an admin login and password for your database
$adminlogin = "ServerAdmin"
$password = "ChangeYourAdminPassword1"
# The logical server name has to be unique in the system
$servername = "server-$(Get-Random)"
# The sample database names
$firstdatabasename = "myFirstSampleDatabase"
$seconddatabasename = "mySecondSampleDatabase"
# The ip address range that you want to allow to access your server
$startip = "0.0.0.0"
$endip = "0.0.0.0"

# Create a new resource group
$resourcegroup = New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name $resourcegroupname -Location $location

# Create a new server with a system wide unique server name
$server = New-AzureRmSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -Location $location `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminlogin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))

# Create elastic database pool
$elasticpool = -AzureRmSqlElasticPool -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -ElasticPoolName $poolname `
    -Edition "Standard" `
    -Dtu 50 `
    -DatabaseDtuMin 10 `
    -DatabaseDtuMax 50

# Create a server firewall rule that allows access from the specified IP range
$serverfirewallrule = New-AzureRmSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowedIPs" -StartIpAddress $startip -EndIpAddress $endip

# Create two blank database in the pool
$firstdatabase = New-AzureRmSqlDatabase  -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $firstdatabasename `
    -ElasticPoolName $poolname
$seconddatabase = New-AzureRmSqlDatabase  -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -DatabaseName $seconddatabasename `
    -ElasticPoolName $poolname

# Monitor the pool
$monitorparameters = @{
  ResourceId = "/subscriptions/$($(Get-AzureRMContext).Subscription.Id)/resourceGroups/$resourcegroupname/providers/Microsoft.Sql/servers/$servername/elasticPools/$poolname"
  TimeGrain = [TimeSpan]::Parse("00:05:00")
  MetricNames = "dtu_consumption_percent"
}
(Get-AzureRmMetric @monitorparameters -DetailedOutput).MetricValues

# Scale the pool
$elasticpool = Set-AzureRmSqlElasticPool -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname `
    -ServerName $servername `
    -ElasticPoolName $poolname `
    -Edition "Standard" `
    -Dtu 100 `
    -DatabaseDtuMin 20 `
    -DatabaseDtuMax 100

# Add an alert that fires when the pool utilization reaches 90%
Add-AzureRMMetricAlertRule -ResourceGroup $resourcegroupname `
    -Name "mySampleAlertRule" `
    -Location $location `
    -TargetResourceId "/subscriptions/$($(Get-AzureRMContext).Subscription.Id)/resourceGroups/$resourcegroupname/providers/Microsoft.Sql/servers/$servername/elasticPools/$poolname" `
    -MetricName "dtu_consumption_percent" `
    -Operator "GreaterThan" `
    -Threshold 90 `
    -WindowSize $([TimeSpan]::Parse("00:05:00")) `
    -TimeAggregationOperator "Average" `
    -Actions $(New-AzureRmAlertRuleEmail -SendToServiceOwners)

# Clean up deployment 
# Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $resourcegroupname

Clean up deployment

After the script sample has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName "myResourceGroup"

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
New-AzureRmResourceGroup Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzureRmSqlServer Creates a logical server that hosts a database or elastic pool.
New-AzureRmSqlElasticPool Creates an elastic pool within a logical server.
New-AzureRmSqlDatabase Creates a database in a logical server as a single or a pooled database.
Get-AzureRmMetric Shows the size usage information for the database.
Add-AzureRMMetricAlertRule Adds or updates a metric-based alert rule.
Set-AzureRmSqlElasticPool Updates elastic pool properties
Add-AzureRMMetricAlertRule Sets an alert rule to automatically monitor DTUs in the future.
Remove-AzureRmResourceGroup Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

Additional SQL Database PowerShell script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database PowerShell scripts.