Quickstart: Use Visual Studio Code to connect and query an Azure SQL Database

Visual Studio Code is a graphical code editor for Linux, macOS, and Windows. It supports extensions, including the mssql extension for querying Microsoft SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, and SQL Data Warehouse. In this quickstart, you'll use Visual Studio Code to connect to an Azure SQL database and then run Transact-SQL statements to query, insert, update, and delete data.

Prerequisites

Install Visual Studio Code

Make sure you have installed the latest Visual Studio Code and loaded the mssql extension. For guidance on installing the mssql extension, see Install VS Code and mssql for Visual Studio Code .

Configure Visual Studio Code

Mac OS

For macOS, you need to install OpenSSL, which is a prerequisite for .NET Core that mssql extension uses. Open your terminal and enter the following commands to install brew and OpenSSL.

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
brew update
brew install openssl
mkdir -p /usr/local/lib
ln -s /usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/libcrypto.1.0.0.dylib /usr/local/lib/
ln -s /usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/libssl.1.0.0.dylib /usr/local/lib/

Linux (Ubuntu)

No special configuration needed.

Windows

No special configuration needed.

Get SQL server connection information

Get the connection information you need to connect to the Azure SQL database. You'll need the fully qualified server name or host name, database name, and login information for the upcoming procedures.

  1. Sign in to the Azure portal.

  2. Navigate to the SQL databases or SQL managed instances page.

  3. On the Overview page, review the fully qualified server name next to Server name for a single database or the fully qualified server name next to Host for a managed instance. To copy the server name or host name, hover over it and select the Copy icon.

Set language mode to SQL

In Visual Studio Code, set the language mode to SQL to enable mssql commands and T-SQL IntelliSense.

  1. Open a new Visual Studio Code window.

  2. Press Ctrl+N. A new plain text file opens.

  3. Select Plain Text in the status bar's lower right-hand corner.

  4. In the Select language mode drop-down menu that opens, select SQL.

Connect to your database

Use Visual Studio Code to establish a connection to your Azure SQL Database server.

Important

Before continuing, make sure that you have your server and sign in information ready. Once you begin entering the connection profile information, if you change your focus from Visual Studio Code, you have to restart creating the profile.

  1. In Visual Studio Code, press Ctrl+Shift+P (or F1) to open the Command Palette.

  2. Select MS SQL:Connect and choose Enter.

  3. Select Create Connection Profile.

  4. Follow the prompts to specify the new profile's connection properties. After specifying each value, choose Enter to continue.

    Property       Suggested value Description 
    Server name The fully qualified server name Something like: mynewserver20170313.database.windows.net.
    Database name mySampleDatabase The database to connect to.
    Authentication SQL Login This tutorial uses SQL Authentication.
    User name User name The user name of the server admin account used to create the server.
    Password (SQL Login) Password The password of the server admin account used to create the server.
    Save Password? Yes or No Select Yes if you do not want to enter the password each time.
    Enter a name for this profile A profile name, such as mySampleProfile A saved profile speeds your connection on subsequent logins.

    If successful, a notification appears saying your profile is created and connected.

Query data

Run the following SELECT Transact-SQL statement to query for the top 20 products by category.

  1. In the editor window, paste the following SQL query.

    SELECT pc.Name as CategoryName, p.name as ProductName
    FROM [SalesLT].[ProductCategory] pc
    JOIN [SalesLT].[Product] p
    ON pc.productcategoryid = p.productcategoryid;
    
  2. Press Ctrl+Shift+E to run the query and display results from the Product and ProductCategory tables.

    Query to retrieve data from 2 tables

Insert data

Run the following INSERT Transact-SQL statement to add a new product into the SalesLT.Product table.

  1. Replace the previous query with this one.

    INSERT INTO [SalesLT].[Product]
         ( [Name]
         , [ProductNumber]
         , [Color]
         , [ProductCategoryID]
         , [StandardCost]
         , [ListPrice]
         , [SellStartDate]
         )
      VALUES
         ('myNewProduct'
         ,123456789
         ,'NewColor'
         ,1
          ,100
          ,100
          ,GETDATE() );
    
  2. Press Ctrl+Shift+E to insert a new row in the Product table.

Update data

Run the following UPDATE Transact-SQL statement to update the added product.

  1. Replace the previous query with this one:

    UPDATE [SalesLT].[Product]
    SET [ListPrice] = 125
    WHERE Name = 'myNewProduct';
    
  2. Press Ctrl+Shift+E to update the specified row in the Product table.

Delete data

Run the following DELETE Transact-SQL statement to remove the new product.

  1. Replace the previous query with this one:

    DELETE FROM [SalesLT].[Product]
    WHERE Name = 'myNewProduct';
    
  2. Press Ctrl+Shift+E to delete the specified row in the Product table.

Next steps